pledge

noun
\ ˈplej How to pronounce pledge (audio) \

Definition of pledge

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1a : a bailment of a chattel as security for a debt or other obligation without involving transfer of title
b : the chattel so delivered
c : the contract incidental to such a bailment
2a : the state of being held as a security or guaranty
b : something given as security for the performance of an act
3 : a token, sign, or earnest of something else
4 : a gage of battle
6a : a binding promise or agreement to do or forbear
b(1) : a promise to join a fraternity, sorority, or secret society
(2) : a person who has so promised

pledge

verb
pledged; pledging

Definition of pledge (Entry 2 of 2)

transitive verb

1 : to make a pledge of especially : pawn
2 : to drink to the health of
3 : to bind by a pledge
4 : to promise the performance of by a pledge

Other Words from pledge

Verb

pledger \ ˈple-​jər How to pronounce pledge (audio) \ or pledgor \ ˈple-​jər How to pronounce pledge (audio) , ple-​ˈjȯr \ noun

Synonyms for pledge

Synonyms: Noun

Synonyms: Verb

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Examples of pledge in a Sentence

Noun He has promised to fulfill a campaign pledge to cut taxes. To make a pledge or donation, please call the charity's office. The company has made a pledge of over $3,000. He left his car as a pledge that he would return with the money. Verb Her family pledged $100,000 toward the construction of a new school. He called to pledge money to the charity. Every morning, we pledge allegiance to the flag. teenagers who have pledged not to start smoking During his campaign, he pledged that he would not raise taxes. The chefs are pledged to keep the restaurant's special recipe a secret. He pledged his paintings as collateral for a loan. See More
Recent Examples on the Web: Noun Over the next week, our foundation will announce new financial commitments to help accelerate progress toward the UN's Sustainable Development Goals — from our pledge to the Global Fund to new investments in food and nutrition security. Mark Suzman For Cnn Business Perspectives, CNN, 20 Sep. 2022 The 6-6, 205-pound wing celebrated his mother's birthday by announcing his pledge to Louisville on Sept. 19. The Courier-Journal, 19 Sep. 2022 His pledge to remain in the Windy City comes as other leaders try to lure the burger chain to their cities and states, according to Kempczinski. Megan Cerullo, CBS News, 16 Sep. 2022 The North Atlantic Treaty Organization’s Article 5, its foundational pledge, assures mutual assistance to all members in the event of an attack. Markus Ziener, Los Angeles Times, 8 Sep. 2022 This allowed Delta to get closer to its pledge to curb its own emissions without taking drastic actions to overhaul its existing operations, such as switching away from jet fuel or grounding planes. Shane Shifflett, WSJ, 8 Sep. 2022 Her main campaign pledge was to reopen shuttered Motor Vehicle Department offices in the county. Sue Halpern, The New Yorker, 7 Sep. 2022 King Gizzard and the Lizard Wizard are making good on their pledge to release five albums in 2022 and have revealed specifics about the final three of the bunch, details of which were first reported here in July. Jonathan Cohen, SPIN, 7 Sep. 2022 The subpoena, which became public Monday, signals how Zatko’s allegations could factor into the litigation in Delaware’s Chancery Court between Musk and Twitter of the Tesla CEO’s efforts to back out of his pledge to acquire the social network. Cat Zakrzewski, Anchorage Daily News, 30 Aug. 2022 Recent Examples on the Web: Verb There will be no broader maritime cease-fire, and a senior U.N. official said that the Russians did not pledge not to attack the parts of the Ukrainian ports that are not directly used for the grain exports. Arkansas Online, 23 July 2022 There will be no broader maritime cease-fire, and a senior U.N. official said that the Russians did not pledge not to attack the parts of the Ukrainian ports that are not directly used for the grain exports. New York Times, 22 July 2022 There will be no broader maritime cease-fire, and a senior U.N. official said that the Russians did not pledge not to attack the parts of the Ukrainian ports that are not directly used for the grain exports. BostonGlobe.com, 22 July 2022 Cardenas was asked to answer the prompt: BBB accredited businesses pledge to uphold eight standards of trust, which embody ethics and integrity. C.r. Walker, Chicago Tribune, 11 July 2022 Unlike his predecessor in office, the president is expected to pledge his support for the two-state solution to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict and to announce aid to Palestinian hospitals. David Faris, The Week, 15 July 2022 But there were other promising moments, like right after the 9/11 attacks on the US when Putin was the first world leader to call then-President George W. Bush to express his condolences and pledge his support. Jill Dougherty, CNN, 2 June 2022 Germany’s development minister traveled to Ukraine on Friday to pledge further civilian support and to discuss the country’s rebuilding. Fox News, 27 May 2022 Germany’s development minister traveled to Ukraine on Friday to pledge further civilian support and to discuss the country’s rebuilding. Yuras Karmanau And Elena Becatoros, Anchorage Daily News, 27 May 2022 See More

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'pledge.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

First Known Use of pledge

Noun

15th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

Verb

15th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1

History and Etymology for pledge

Noun

Middle English plegge, plege "surety for a person, guarantor," borrowed from Anglo-French (also continental Old & Middle French plege, pleige), going back to early Medieval Latin plebium, plevium, plibium, noun derivative (with the Latin deverbal suffix -ium) of plebere "to give surety," probably blend of Latin praebeō, praebēre "to put forward, offer, provide" and an Old Low Franconian verb *plegan- cognate with Old Saxon plegan "to accept responsibility (for)," Middle Dutch pleghen "to look after," Old High German pflegan "to look (after), bear responsibility, vouch (for)" — more at plight entry 2

Note: The verb plebere, attested in the Lex Romana Curiensis (eighth century), was vernacularized as Old French/Anglo-French plevir "to give as surety, promise, swear," with conjugation change probably after garantir "to protect, warrant" (see warrant entry 2) and garir "to support, protect, cure" (see garrison entry 1); compare replevin entry 1.

Verb

Middle English pleggen "to promise, stand surety for," in part derivative of plegge, plege pledge entry 1; in part borrowed from Anglo-French pleger "to guarantee as surety, act as surety," derivative of plege pledge entry 1

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Time Traveler for pledge

Time Traveler

The first known use of pledge was in the 15th century

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Dictionary Entries Near pledge

plectrum

pledge

pledgee

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Statistics for pledge

Last Updated

24 Sep 2022

Cite this Entry

“Pledge.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/pledge. Accessed 1 Oct. 2022.

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More Definitions for pledge

pledge

noun
\ ˈplej How to pronounce pledge (audio) \

Kids Definition of pledge

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : a promise or agreement that must be kept
2 : something handed over to another to ensure that the giver will keep his or her promise or agreement
3 : a promise to give money

pledge

verb
pledged; pledging

Kids Definition of pledge (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : to promise to give I pledge allegiance.
2 : to cause (someone) to promise something He pledged himself to secrecy.
3 : to give as assurance of a promise (as of repayment of a loan)

pledge

noun
\ ˈplej How to pronounce pledge (audio) \

Legal Definition of pledge

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : a delivery of especially personal property as security for a debt or other obligation broadly : the perfection of a security interest in collateral through possession of the collateral by a creditor or other promisee
2a : property and especially personal property that is used as security especially upon delivery broadly : a security interest in collateral — compare chattel mortgage at mortgage
b : a contract under which the delivery of property (as personal property) as security takes place
3a : the state of being held as security or guaranty property held in pledge
b : something given as security for the performance of an act
4 : a binding promise to do or forbear

pledge

transitive verb
pledged; pledging

Legal Definition of pledge (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : to deliver or otherwise put forward as security for a debt or other obligation pledged his car as collateral for the loan
2 : to bind by a pledge we mutually pledge to each other our lives, our fortunes and our sacred honorDeclaration of Independence
3 : to assure or promise the performance or payment of

Other Words from pledge

pledgor \ ˈple-​jər, ple-​ˈjȯr How to pronounce pledge (audio) \ or pledger \ ˈple-​jər How to pronounce pledge (audio) \ noun

More from Merriam-Webster on pledge

Nglish: Translation of pledge for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of pledge for Arabic Speakers

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