: a legal suit or action
: an allegation made by a party in support of a cause: such as
: an allegation of fact compare demurrer entry 1
: a defendant's answer to a plaintiff's declaration in common-law practice
: an accused person's answer to a charge or indictment in criminal practice
: a plea of guilty to an indictment
: something offered by way of excuse or justification
left early with the plea of a headache
: an earnest entreaty : appeal
their plea for understanding must be answered
Choose the Right Synonym for plea

apology, apologia, excuse, plea, pretext, alibi mean matter offered in explanation or defense.

apology usually applies to an expression of regret for a mistake or wrong with implied admission of guilt or fault and with or without reference to mitigating or extenuating circumstances.

said by way of apology that he would have met them if he could

apologia implies not admission of guilt or regret but a desire to make clear the grounds for some course, belief, or position.

his speech was an apologia for his foreign policy

excuse implies an intent to avoid or remove blame or censure.

used illness as an excuse for missing the meeting

plea stresses argument or appeal for understanding or sympathy or mercy.

her usual plea that she was nearsighted

pretext suggests subterfuge and the offering of false reasons or motives in excuse or explanation.

used any pretext to get out of work

alibi implies a desire to shift blame or evade punishment and imputes mere plausibility to the explanation.

his alibi failed to stand scrutiny

Example Sentences

We are making a plea to all companies to stop polluting the environment. The defendant entered a plea of not guilty.
Recent Examples on the Web Ten other felony charges, including first-degree murder, were dismissed as part of a plea agreement. Tess Williams, Anchorage Daily News, 17 Nov. 2022 Puig was charged and a plea agreement was filed Aug. 29, but the case was unsealed Monday, according to court records. Phil Helsel, NBC News, 15 Nov. 2022 Puig racked up debt of more than $280,000 with Nix’s operation and went on to place hundreds of bets on tennis, football and basketball, according to the plea agreement. Susanne Ruststaff Writer, Los Angeles Times, 15 Nov. 2022 As part of the plea agreement, which was entered in Clark County District Court on Wednesday, Turner pleaded guilty to second-degree murder. Meredith Deliso, ABC News, 10 Nov. 2022 Lewis said in her plea agreement that Brooks had raped her multiple times in 2020. Dakin Andone, CNN, 7 Nov. 2022 Two co-conspirators were also identified by Prasad in his plea agreement: Robert Gary Hansen and Don M. Baker. Wyatte Grantham-philips, USA TODAY, 3 Nov. 2022 Prosecutors offered Trasacco a plea agreement in August. Hartford Courant, 2 Nov. 2022 Prosecutors and Mazzucco’s defense attorney, Tinos Diamantatos, on Sunday struck the plea agreement. Adam Ferrise, cleveland, 31 Oct. 2022 See More

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'plea.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

Word History


Middle English plaid, plait, ple "contention, dispute, legal conflict, lawsuit," borrowed from Anglo-French plait, pleit, plaid, plé "speech, discussion of affairs, argument, dispute, action at law" (also continental Old French), going back to early Medieval Latin placitum "liking, will, pleasure, opinion, belief, design, decision, agreement, contract, gathering at an agreed time, assembly to decide on matters of state, session of a law court, law court, action at law," going back to Latin, "opinion, belief, (in law) agreed condition," noun derivative from neuter of placitus, past participle of placēre "to be pleasing, find favor, find acceptance, commend itself, be agreed on" — more at please entry 1

Note: The Latin noun placitum is based on impersonal use of the verb placēre, as in sic placitum est "it was so resolved." In medieval bureaucracy placitum was subject to a semantic explosion—J. F. Niermeyer's Mediae Latinitatis lexicon minus, a concise dictionary of Medieval Latin, enters 26 senses for the word, some much more common than others. It was adopted early in Gallo-Romance, and in the later Middle Ages pleit, ple, etc., remained a common word in Anglo-French and Middle English, particularly in the legal realm.

First Known Use

13th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1

Time Traveler
The first known use of plea was in the 13th century

Dictionary Entries Near plea

Cite this Entry

“Plea.” Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, Accessed 29 Nov. 2022.

Kids Definition



: a defendant's answer to a lawsuit or to a criminal charge
a plea of guilty
: something offered as an excuse
left early with the plea of a headache
: an earnest appeal
a plea for mercy

Legal Definition



: an allegation of fact in civil litigation made in response to a claim compare demurrer
: a defendant's answer to a plaintiff's claim in civil litigation

Note: Under the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure, and in states where they have been adopted, civil pleas are abolished, and answers and motions are used instead. Such pleas were used at common law.

dilatory plea \ ˈdi-​lə-​ˌtōr-​ē-​ \
: a common-law plea which is intended to defeat the pending action or proceeding without involving any decision on the merits of the case
plea in abatement
: a plea entered by a party seeking postponement or dismissal of an action by setting forth some matter or defect regarding procedure, jurisdiction, or timing

called also plea of abatement

plea in bar
: a plea that alleges the existence of an absolute bar (as a statute of limitations) to an action
plea of abatement
: plea in abatement in this entry
: an accused party's answer to a criminal charge or indictment
: a plea of guilty
: an earnest entreaty

History and Etymology for plea

Anglo-French plei plai legal action, trial, from Old French plait plaid, from Medieval Latin placitum, from Latin, decision, decree, from neuter of placitus, past participle of placēre to please, be decided

More from Merriam-Webster on plea

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