nominal

1 of 2

adjective

nom·​i·​nal ˈnä-mə-nᵊl How to pronounce nominal (audio)
ˈnäm-nəl
1
: of, relating to, or being a noun or a word or expression taking a noun construction
2
a
: of, relating to, or constituting a name
b
: bearing the name of a person
3
a
: existing or being something in name or form only
nominal head of his party
b
: of, being, or relating to a designated or theoretical size that may vary from the actual : approximate
the pipe's nominal size
c
: trifling, insignificant
his involvement was nominal
charged only nominal rent
4
of a rate of interest
a
: equal to the annual rate of simple interest that would obtain if interest were not compounded when in fact it is compounded and paid for periods of less than a year
b
: equal to the percentage by which a repaid loan exceeds the principal borrowed with no adjustment made for inflation
5
: being according to plan : satisfactory
everything was nominal during the launch
nominally adverb

nominal

2 of 2

noun

: a word or word group functioning as a noun

Did you know?

Something nominal exists only in name. So the nominal ruler in a constitutional monarchy is the king or queen, but the real power is in the hands of the elected prime minister. In the United Kingdom, the British monarch is also the nominal head of the Church of England; and those baptized in the Church who aren't really churchgoers might be called nominal Christians. A fee can be called nominal when it's small in comparison to the value of what it buys. So, for example, you might sell a friend a good piece of furniture for a nominal amount. And the charge for a doctor's visit might be a nominal $20, since most of the cost is covered by an insurance plan.

Example Sentences

Adjective What gave it resonance was that she was reflecting—in a fun-house mirror—the thuggish behavior of her nominal betters. Hendrik Hertzberg, New Yorker, 5 Dec. 2005 Instead they will decentralize and devolve power, and rely on the people over whom they have nominal authority to be self-organizing. Francis Fukuyama, Atlantic, May 1999 Approaching his 68th birthday, Rockefeller had never imagined that his twilight years would be so eventful. His fortune had failed to purchase him even a poor man's mite of tranquillity. As nominal president of Standard Oil, he was in a bind, responsible for actions he had not approved. Ron Chernow, Business Week, 18 May 1998 Each of the ten years of nominal peace saw plenty of bloodshed. Theodore Roosevelt, The Winning of the West: 1769-1776, (1894) 1995 Her title of vice president had been nominal only. They charge a nominal fee for the service. See More
Recent Examples on the Web
Adjective
Admission is free, with nominal fees for train rides and Santa visits. . San Diego Union-Tribune, 21 Nov. 2022 Once permitting and financing are completed, Daniel said the state will transfer the buildings to the city, and the city to Winn, both for nominal fees. John Laidler, BostonGlobe.com, 17 Nov. 2022 Although some ballots are still being counted, Republicans appear likely to eke out a nominal majority in the House after last week’s elections. Grace Segers, The New Republic, 15 Nov. 2022 From Thursday through Monday, the two-year breakeven rate—a proxy for inflation expectations derived from nominal and inflation-adjusted Treasury yields—fell 0.12 percentage points. Eric Wallerstein, WSJ, 15 Nov. 2022 Consumer prices for gasoline and diesel both hit nominal records in June, and then declined for three straight months, coinciding with improving poll numbers for the president. Tim Puko, Anchorage Daily News, 8 Nov. 2022 If history is a guide, Democrats’ nominal control of Congress is about to end. Los Angeles Times, 8 Nov. 2022 Most of Kauai's breathtaking beaches are free and open to the public, though a few, like Ke'e Beach are part of state parks, which charge nominal entry fees. Eve Chen, USA TODAY, 4 Nov. 2022 Depending on how well SpaceX's in-flight demonstrations go, Kirasich said the nominal target for an uncrewed test flight of Starship to the surface of the Moon—and back up to orbit around the Moon—is toward the end of 2024. Eric Berger, Ars Technica, 2 Nov. 2022
Noun
And 73 others paid less than half of the US nominal 21% corporate tax rate. Reuven Avi-yonah For Cnn Business Perspectives, CNN, 24 Nov. 2021 Yield differentials between nominal and inflation-protected securities, for example, suggest CPI inflation will spend the next five years hovering mostly around 2.8% but then gradually fall to roughly 2% about a decade from now. Sam Goldfarb, WSJ, 22 Oct. 2021 However, if the Heat were to add a player such as Kyle with cap space, then a return by Oladipo likely would come down to a willingness to take a nominal, if not minimum, salary for the coming season. Ira Winderman, sun-sentinel.com, 30 July 2021 By forcing Republicans to square their new feint toward populism with their continuing loyalty to corporate interests, progressives can exploit a wedge that will help Democrats expand their appeal to nominal (and former) Republicans. Rahm Emanuel, WSJ, 16 May 2021 Investors’ expectations for inflation—as defined by the consumer-price index—over the next 10 years can be gleaned from the difference between nominal and inflation-protected U.S. Treasury yields. Peter Santilli, WSJ, 26 Apr. 2021 See More

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'nominal.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

Word History

Etymology

Adjective and Noun

Middle English nominalle, from Medieval Latin nominalis, from Latin, of a name, from nomin-, nomen name — more at name

First Known Use

Adjective

15th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1

Noun

1904, in the meaning defined above

Time Traveler
The first known use of nominal was in the 15th century

Dictionary Entries Near nominal

Cite this Entry

“Nominal.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/nominal. Accessed 4 Dec. 2022.

Kids Definition

nominal

adjective

nom·​i·​nal
ˈnäm-ən-ᵊl,
ˈnäm-nəl
1
: being such in name or form only
the nominal head of the party
2
: very small : trifling
a nominal price
nominally
adverb

Legal Definition

nominal

adjective

nom·​i·​nal ˈnä-mən-ᵊl How to pronounce nominal (audio)
1
: existing or being something in name or form but usually not in reality
defenses…raised by the corporation as nominal defendant in a derivative suit R. C. Clark
2
: being so small or trivial as to be a mere token
charging a nominal fee
3
of a rate of interest
a
: equal to the annual rate of simple interest that would obtain if interest were not compounded when in fact it is compounded and paid for periods of less than a year
b
: equal to the percentage by which a repaid loan exceeds the principal borrowed with no adjustment made for inflation compare effective sense 4
nominally adverb

More from Merriam-Webster on nominal

Last Updated: - Updated example sentences
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