my·​thol·​o·​gy | \ mi-ˈthä-lə-jē How to pronounce mythology (audio) \
plural mythologies

Definition of mythology

1 : an allegorical narrative
2 : a body of myths: such as
a : the myths dealing with the gods, demigods, and legendary heroes of a particular people
b : mythos sense 2 cold war mythology
3 : a branch of knowledge that deals with myth
4 : a popular belief or assumption that has grown up around someone or something : myth sense 2a defective mythologies that ignore masculine depth of feeling— Robert Bly

Other Words from mythology

mythologer \ mi-​ˈthä-​lə-​jər How to pronounce mythology (audio) \ noun
mythologist \ mi-​ˈthä-​lə-​jist How to pronounce mythology (audio) \ noun

Examples of mythology in a Sentence

We have been studying ancient Greek mythology. We compared the two cultures' mythologies. There is a popular mythology that he discovered the cause of the disease by himself.
See More
Recent Examples on the Web An earlier killing spree there prompted a series of movies, meaning this Ghostface killer is tapping into that mythology, leaving no shortage of suspects or bodies. Brian Lowry, CNN, 12 Jan. 2022 Tim Barton is particularly keen to emphasize a certain, idiosyncratic aspect of Christian nationalist mythology. Katherine Stewart, The New Republic, 10 Jan. 2022 Roy Andersson’s series of comic-tragic tableaux depict the modern Christian quest for salvation that is abandoned by Denis Villeneuve’s inexpressive sci-fi and David Lowery’s fractured mythology. Armond White, National Review, 7 Jan. 2022 Out of all that has emerged a mythology: that we’ll be ruled by their lies until we red-pill ourselves out of our trance. Owen Gleiberman, Variety, 26 Dec. 2021 Breath of the Wild that obsessed us most — we both became lost in its vast open world and deep mythology. New York Times, 2 Jan. 2022 While the book largely revolves around two protagonists, Indir and Saya, Huerta does an amazing job at building, piece by piece, a fantastical world filled with magic, clairvoyance and mythology. San Diego Union-Tribune, 31 Dec. 2021 From there, the One is allowed to choose 23 humans to rebuild Zion, ensure humanity’s survival, and reprogram the myth of the One into humanity’s beliefs, playing on their need for mythology and a higher power on their side. Richard Newby, Vulture, 23 Dec. 2021 That's not to say that action and mythology aren't a big part of the movie, and Resurrections is unfortunately lacking in truly memorable set pieces. Brendan Morrow, The Week, 21 Dec. 2021

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'mythology.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

See More

First Known Use of mythology

1603, in the meaning defined at sense 1

History and Etymology for mythology

Middle English methologie, mithologie "exposition of a myth, book of myths," borrowed from Middle French & Late Latin; Middle French mythologie, borrowed from Late Latin mȳthologia (in Mythologiae, title of a myth compilation by Fulgentius, ca. 500), borrowed from Greek mȳthología "fiction, storytelling," from mŷthos "utterance, tale, myth" + -o- -o- + -logia -logy

Learn More About mythology

Time Traveler for mythology

Time Traveler

The first known use of mythology was in 1603

See more words from the same year

Dictionary Entries Near mythology




See More Nearby Entries 

Statistics for mythology

Last Updated

18 Jan 2022

Cite this Entry

“Mythology.” Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, Accessed 24 Jan. 2022.

Style: MLA
MLACheck Mark Icon ChicagoCheck Mark Icon APACheck Mark Icon Merriam-WebsterCheck Mark Icon

More Definitions for mythology



English Language Learners Definition of mythology

: the myths of a particular group or culture
: ideas that are believed by many people but that are not true


my·​thol·​o·​gy | \ mi-ˈthä-lə-jē How to pronounce mythology (audio) \
plural mythologies

Kids Definition of mythology

: a collection of myths Greek mythology

More from Merriam-Webster on mythology

Nglish: Translation of mythology for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of mythology for Arabic Speakers Encyclopedia article about mythology


Test Your Vocabulary

Difficult Spelling Words Quiz

  • alphabet pasta spelling help
  • Which is the correct spelling?
True or False

Test your knowledge - and maybe learn something along the way.

Universal Daily Crossword

A daily challenge for crossword fanatics.

Love words? Need even more definitions?

Subscribe to America's largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free!