math·​e·​mat·​ics ˌmath-ˈma-tiks How to pronounce mathematics (audio)
plural in form but usually singular in construction
: the science of numbers and their operations (see operation sense 5), interrelations, combinations, generalizations, and abstractions and of space (see space entry 1 sense 7) configurations and their structure, measurement, transformations, and generalizations
Algebra, arithmetic, calculus, geometry, and trigonometry are branches of mathematics.
: a branch of, operation in, or use of mathematics
the mathematics of physical chemistry

Examples of mathematics in a Sentence

Recent Examples on the Web In open session, the board approved its 2021-22 annual audit report, and heard a mathematics presentation. Laura Groch jan. 22, San Diego Union-Tribune, 22 Jan. 2023 Popova is a mathematics teacher in the town of Borodyanka, in the Kyiv region of Ukraine. Kristina Hook, The Conversation, 9 Jan. 2023 Diane Morgan graduated from Reed College with a mathematics degree. Diane Morgan, Better Homes & Gardens, 16 Dec. 2022 Emily Post was teaching etiquette in the same way that a mathematics teacher teaches math: this is how the best people do it, or aspire to do it. Louis Menand, The New Yorker, 31 May 2021 Middle and high school students interested in exploring science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) programs at Elgin Community College can attend a free open house from 6 to 8 p.m. Mike Danahey, Chicago Tribune, 14 Feb. 2023 Many also reported subject matter vacancies in areas such as physical and special education and science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM). Arthur Jones Ii, ABC News, 11 Feb. 2023 Too many of our children are struggling to keep up, and too few are pursuing careers in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics. Calvin Woodward, Fortune, 6 Feb. 2023 Nearly 90 faculty have participated in four sessions so far, 33 of whom are in STEM fields, Baillie said, referring to science, technology, engineering and mathematics. Ryan Anderson, Arkansas Online, 29 Jan. 2023 See More

These examples are programmatically compiled from various online sources to illustrate current usage of the word 'mathematics.' Any opinions expressed in the examples do not represent those of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback about these examples.

Word History

First Known Use

1573, in the meaning defined at sense 1

Time Traveler
The first known use of mathematics was in 1573

Dictionary Entries Near mathematics

Cite this Entry

“Mathematics.” Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, Accessed 1 Oct. 2023.

Kids Definition


math·​e·​mat·​ics ˌmath-ə-ˈmat-iks How to pronounce mathematics (audio)
: the science that is concerned with numbers and their properties, relations, and operations and with shapes in space and their structure and measurement

More from Merriam-Webster on mathematics

Love words? Need even more definitions?

Subscribe to America's largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free!