lower

1 of 4

verb (1)

variants or less commonly lour
lowered also loured; lowering also louring; lowers also lours

intransitive verb

1
: to look sullen : frown
2
: to be or become dark, gloomy, and threatening
an overcast sky lowered over the village

lower

2 of 4

noun

variants or less commonly lour
: frown

lower

3 of 4

adjective

low·​er ˈlō-ər How to pronounce lower (audio)
1
: relatively low in position, rank, or order
2
: southern
lower New York State
3
: less advanced in the scale of evolutionary development
4
a
: situated or held to be situated beneath the earth's surface
b
capitalized : being an earlier epoch or series of the period or system named
Lower Cretaceous
Lower Paleolithic
5
: constituting the popular and often the larger and more representative branch of a bicameral legislative body
lower house

lower

4 of 4

verb (2)

low·​er ˈlō-ər How to pronounce lower (audio)
lowered; lowering; lowers

intransitive verb

: to move down : drop
also : diminish

transitive verb

1
a
: to let descend : let down
b
: to depress as to direction
lower your aim
c
: to reduce the height of
2
a
: to reduce in value, number, or amount
b(1)
: to bring down in quality or character : degrade
(2)
c
: to reduce the objective of
Phrases
lower the boom
: to deal a crushing blow or punishment

Example Sentences

Noun he turned to see the scornful lower on her face Adjective the ship's upper and lower decks The message appeared on the lower portion of the screen. the mountain's upper and lower slopes The forecast is for strong winds at lower elevations. in the lower and higher latitudes the lower and upper peninsulas See More
Recent Examples on the Web
Adjective
The court could also be asked to weigh in on another case, developing in a lower court in Texas, that has also blocked the loan program. Cheyenne Haslett, ABC News, 18 Nov. 2022 Biden is asking an appeals court to pause a lower court's decision on his student loan program. John Fritze, USA TODAY, 17 Nov. 2022 The high court sent the case back to a lower court to reconsider in light of its decision in the New York case. oregonlive, 12 Nov. 2022 The case will now move to the U.S. Court of Appeals for the 5th Circuit, which can either return the case to a lower court or rule in the administration’s favor. Moira Ritter, Anchorage Daily News, 12 Nov. 2022 But the ruling kept the protections in place as a lawsuit challenging the program was sent back to the lower court for further proceedings. Andrea Castillostaff Writer, Los Angeles Times, 12 Nov. 2022 The appeals court could vacate the district court ruling and return the case to the lower court, or rule in favor of the administration based on the merits of the appeal. Danielle Douglas-gabriel, BostonGlobe.com, 11 Nov. 2022 This spring, a California appeals court overturned a lower-court ruling against Tesla in that case. Emily Glazer, WSJ, 11 Nov. 2022 The court’s intervention in those two states effectively guaranteed that Republicans would win two House seats despite lower-court rulings that found evidence of racial gerrymandering. Matt Ford, The New Republic, 10 Nov. 2022 See More

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'lower.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

Word History

Etymology

Verb (1)

Middle English louren; akin to Middle High German lūren to lie in wait

Adjective

low entry 1

First Known Use

Verb (1)

13th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1

Noun

14th century, in the meaning defined above

Adjective

14th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1

Verb (2)

1575, in the meaning defined at intransitive sense

Time Traveler
The first known use of lower was in the 13th century

Dictionary Entries Near lower

Cite this Entry

“Lower.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/lower. Accessed 28 Nov. 2022.

Kids Definition

lower 1 of 4

verb

low·​er
variants also lour
ˈlau̇(-ə)r
1
: to look angry or threatening : frown
2
: to become dark, gloomy, and threatening

lower

2 of 4

noun

variants also lour
: a wrinkling of the brow in displeasure

lower

3 of 4

adjective

low·​er ˈlō(-ə)r How to pronounce lower (audio)
1
: being below another or others in position, rank, or order
a lower court
the lower house of Congress
2
: less advanced in the scale of development through evolution
lower animals
3
capitalized : of, relating to, or being an earlier geologic period or formation
Lower Cretaceous

lower

4 of 4

verb

low·​er ˈlō(ə)r How to pronounce lower (audio)
1
: drop entry 2 sense 2b, diminish
lowered my voice
2
a
: to let fall
lower a flag
b
: to make the aim or goal lower
lower your aim
c
: to reduce the height of
lower a wall
3
a
: to reduce in value or amount
lower the price
b
: to bring down : degrade
lowered himself by lying
c
: to reduce in rank or position : humble

Medical Definition

lower

noun

: the lower member of a pair
especially : a lower denture

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