information

noun

in·​for·​ma·​tion ˌin-fər-ˈmā-shən How to pronounce information (audio)
1
a(1)
: knowledge obtained from investigation, study, or instruction
(3)
: facts, data
b
: the attribute inherent in and communicated by one of two or more alternative sequences or arrangements of something (such as nucleotides in DNA or binary digits in a computer program) that produce specific effects
c(1)
: a signal or character (as in a communication system or computer) representing data
(2)
: something (such as a message, experimental data, or a picture) which justifies change in a construct (such as a plan or theory) that represents physical or mental experience or another construct
d
: a quantitative measure of the content of information
specifically : a numerical quantity that measures the uncertainty in the outcome of an experiment to be performed
2
: the communication or reception of knowledge or intelligence
3
: the act of informing against a person
4
: a formal accusation of a crime made by a prosecuting officer as distinguished from an indictment presented by a grand jury
informational adjective
informationally adverb

Examples of information in a Sentence

They're working to collect information about the early settlers in the region. The pamphlet provides a lot of information on recent changes to the tax laws. He gave the police false information about his background. The conference will give us an opportunity to exchange information with other researchers. We can't make a decision until we have more information. The tests have not yet uncovered any new information. I don't like having to reveal personal information when I fill in a job application. He's accused of withholding useful information. I couldn't remember his number so I had to call information. See More
Recent Examples on the Web More information can be found at the theater's website. Tommy McArdle, Peoplemag, 28 Sep. 2023 Tesla did not respond to CNN emails asking if the company had any response to the latest suit and for any additional information or comment on the previous lawsuits. Peter Valdes-Dapena, CNN, 28 Sep. 2023 Both officers were fired by the Long Beach Police Department in April 2022, according to Richard Mejia, a public information officer for the agency. James Queally, Los Angeles Times, 27 Sep. 2023 Prince William County police have asked anyone with information leading up to this incident, please call 703-792-7000. Chad Murray, ABC News, 27 Sep. 2023 Illusions are stories the brain creates to make sense of confusing information, the chaos out there and within. WIRED, 27 Sep. 2023 Anderegg, who last week announced his October retirement from the Legislature, did not respond to requests for more information. Megan Banta, The Salt Lake Tribune, 16 Sep. 2023 For more information about bird sightings go to www.massaudubon.org. BostonGlobe.com, 16 Sep. 2023 More information on how to stream live TV, sports events, and movies on the cheap: • What is Philo? oregonlive, 16 Sep. 2023 See More

These examples are programmatically compiled from various online sources to illustrate current usage of the word 'information.' Any opinions expressed in the examples do not represent those of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback about these examples.

Word History

First Known Use

14th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

Time Traveler
The first known use of information was in the 14th century

Dictionary Entries Near information

Cite this Entry

“Information.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/information. Accessed 1 Oct. 2023.

Kids Definition

information

noun
in·​for·​ma·​tion ˌin-fər-ˈmā-shən How to pronounce information (audio)
1
: the giving or receiving of knowledge or intelligence
2
a
: knowledge obtained from investigation, study, or instruction
b
: knowledge of a particular event or situation : news
c
: a characteristic or quality (as of DNA or a computer program) that stands for, expresses, or tells about one group of things or ways of doing things instead of others
3
: the quality of something (as DNA or a computer program) that represents a specific choice between a number of possible choices
informational
-shnəl How to pronounce information (audio)
-shən-ᵊl
adjective

Legal Definition

information

noun
in·​for·​ma·​tion
: an instrument containing a formal accusation of a crime that is issued by a prosecuting officer and that serves the same function as an indictment presented by a grand jury compare complaint sense 2, indictment

Note: About half the states in the United States allow prosecutors to issue informations. The rest require indictment.

More from Merriam-Webster on information

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