information

noun
in·​for·​ma·​tion | \ ˌin-fər-ˈmā-shən How to pronounce information (audio) \

Essential Meaning of information

1 : knowledge that you get about someone or something : facts or details about a subject They're working to collect/gather information about the early settlers in the region. The pamphlet provides a lot of information on/about/concerning recent changes to the tax laws. See More Examplesdetailed/specific information He gave the police false/misleading information about his background. The conference will give us an opportunity to exchange/share information with other researchers. We can't make a decision until we have more/further/additional information. The tests have not yet uncovered any new information. I don't like having to reveal personal/private information when I fill in a job application. He's accused of withholding useful/valuable/vital information. My information is [=I have been told, I understand] that he will be arriving early this evening. We enclose a price list for your information. [=to provide you with information that we think will interest you]Hide
2 US : a service that telephone users can call to find out the telephone number for a specified person or organization : directory assistance I couldn't remember his number so I had to call information.

Full Definition of information

1a(1) : knowledge obtained from investigation, study, or instruction
(3) : facts, data
b : the attribute inherent in and communicated by one of two or more alternative sequences or arrangements of something (such as nucleotides in DNA or binary digits in a computer program) that produce specific effects
c(1) : a signal or character (as in a communication system or computer) representing data
(2) : something (such as a message, experimental data, or a picture) which justifies change in a construct (such as a plan or theory) that represents physical or mental experience or another construct
d : a quantitative measure of the content of information specifically : a numerical quantity that measures the uncertainty in the outcome of an experiment to be performed
2 : the communication or reception of knowledge or intelligence
3 : the act of informing against a person
4 : a formal accusation of a crime made by a prosecuting officer as distinguished from an indictment presented by a grand jury

Other Words from information

informational \ ˌin-​fər-​ˈmā-​shnəl How to pronounce information (audio) , -​shə-​nᵊl \ adjective
informationally adverb

Synonyms for information

Synonyms

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Examples of information in a Sentence

They're working to collect information about the early settlers in the region. The pamphlet provides a lot of information on recent changes to the tax laws. He gave the police false information about his background. The conference will give us an opportunity to exchange information with other researchers. We can't make a decision until we have more information. The tests have not yet uncovered any new information. I don't like having to reveal personal information when I fill in a job application. He's accused of withholding useful information. I couldn't remember his number so I had to call information.
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Recent Examples on the Web Anyone interested in becoming an extra for the film should send an email with photos, contact information and clothing sizes to lynnmeyersextras2021@gmail.com. Quinlan Bentley, The Enquirer, 20 Nov. 2021 An investigation is ongoing, more information will be published on this channel. Tyler Wilkins, ajc, 20 Nov. 2021 When an ambulance transporting someone who might be having a stroke arrived, the process involved rushing the patient into a bay to be evaluated while their insurance and demographic information was gathered. Mark Prather, STAT, 20 Nov. 2021 An error occurred while retrieving sharing information. NBC News, 20 Nov. 2021 Also, the national survey was broader than the Arizona study, including information from all 50 states and Puerto Rico. Russ Wiles, The Arizona Republic, 20 Nov. 2021 All together, there are nearly 100 vaccine sites across the city where people can get a booster — within a 10 to 15 minute walk for most people, according to information released by the health department last week. Danielle Echeverria, San Francisco Chronicle, 19 Nov. 2021 Scanning the code will result in contact information being shown to the person that found the device. Christian De Looper, BGR, 19 Nov. 2021 Similar to adaptive suspension systems found in contemporary sports cars, these shocks react to throttle inputs, steering angle, accelerometer information and other data in real time to improve stability. Bradley Iger, Robb Report, 19 Nov. 2021

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'information.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of information

14th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

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Time Traveler for information

Time Traveler

The first known use of information was in the 14th century

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Dictionary Entries Near information

informatics

information

Information Age

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Statistics for information

Last Updated

22 Nov 2021

Cite this Entry

“Information.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/information. Accessed 1 Dec. 2021.

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More Definitions for information

information

noun
in·​for·​ma·​tion | \ ˌin-fər-ˈmā-shən How to pronounce information (audio) \

Kids Definition of information

: knowledge obtained from investigation, study, or instruction : facts or details about a subject

Choose the Right Synonym for information

information, knowledge, and learning mean what is or can be known. information may be used of a collection of facts gathered from many places. The book has a lot of information about baseball. knowledge is used for facts and ideas acquired by study, observation, or experience. She has a knowledge of birds. learning is used of knowledge acquired by long and careful study. The learning of a lifetime is in that book.

information

noun
in·​for·​ma·​tion

Legal Definition of information

: an instrument containing a formal accusation of a crime that is issued by a prosecuting officer and that serves the same function as an indictment presented by a grand jury — compare complaint sense 2, indictment

Note: About half the states in the United States allow prosecutors to issue informations. The rest require indictment.

More from Merriam-Webster on information

Nglish: Translation of information for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of information for Arabic Speakers

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