in·​fla·​tion | \ in-ˈflā-shən How to pronounce inflation (audio) \

Definition of inflation

1 : an act of inflating : a state of being inflated: such as
b : a hypothetical extremely brief period of very rapid expansion of the universe immediately following the big bang
c : empty pretentiousness : pomposity
2 : a continuing rise in the general price level usually attributed to an increase in the volume of money and credit relative to available goods and services

Examples of inflation in a Sentence

the inflation of a balloon The government has been unable to control inflation. The rate of inflation is high.
Recent Examples on the Web But when accounting for inflation, wholesale prices fell by 3.7%, and inflationary pressures are likely to push wholesale prices still higher. Ed Silverman, STAT, 26 Sep. 2022 If adjusted for inflation, MarketWatch calculated, the hot dog combo would be $4.11 by now. Amanda Taylor, Peoplemag, 25 Sep. 2022 Even accounting for inflation, those cards would have launched at about $800 and $900 in today's dollars, well below what Nvidia is asking for its RTX 4080 cards now. Kyle Orland, Ars Technica, 22 Sep. 2022 Adjusting for inflation, the United States spent almost three times more on housing assistance programs in the 1970s than today, according to the National Low Income Housing Coalition., 21 Sep. 2022 But keeping folks in rentals should be a short-term problem for inflation, the report said. Michael S. Derby, WSJ, 21 Sep. 2022 In 2016, public schools were underfunded by $46 billion a year (or $60 billion, when adjusted for inflation to 2020 dollars), the report said. Christina Zdanowicz, CNN, 18 Sep. 2022 While Martin’s fee was not announced, Williams and McDonald were rumored to have paid heavily for the privilege of his presence, plus $500, roughly $15,000 in 2022 after accounting for inflation, for the use of Exposition Park. David Reamer, Anchorage Daily News, 18 Sep. 2022 Adjusting for inflation, San Antonio residents in 2019 had a median household income of $56,963 in 2021 dollars. Elena Bruess, San Antonio Express-News, 14 Sep. 2022 See More

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'inflation.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

First Known Use of inflation

14th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1

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The first known use of inflation was in the 14th century

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Last Updated

29 Sep 2022

Cite this Entry

“Inflation.” Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, Accessed 7 Oct. 2022.

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More Definitions for inflation


in·​fla·​tion | \ in-ˈflā-shən How to pronounce inflation (audio) \

Kids Definition of inflation

1 : an act of filling with air or gas : the state of being filled with air or gas inflation of a balloon
2 : a continual rise in the price of goods and services

More from Merriam-Webster on inflation

Nglish: Translation of inflation for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of inflation for Arabic Speakers Encyclopedia article about inflation


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