\ ˈhāt How to pronounce hate (audio) \

Definition of hate

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1a : intense hostility and aversion usually deriving from fear, anger, or sense of injury
b : extreme dislike or disgust : antipathy, loathing had a great hate of hard work
c : a systematic and especially politically exploited expression of hatred a crime motivated by bigotry and hate often used before another noun hate mailan organization tracking hate groups — see also hate crime
2 : an object of hatred a generation whose finest hate had been big business— F. L. Paxson


hated; hating

Definition of hate (Entry 2 of 2)

transitive verb

1 : to feel extreme enmity toward : to regard with active hostility hates his country's enemies
2 : to have a strong aversion to : find very distasteful hated to have to meet strangers hate hypocrisy

intransitive verb

: to express or feel extreme enmity or active hostility harsh faces and hating eyes— Katherine A. Porter
hate one's guts
: to hate someone with great intensity

Synonyms & Antonyms for hate

Synonyms: Noun

Synonyms: Verb

Antonyms: Noun

Antonyms: Verb

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Choose the Right Synonym for hate


hate, detest, abhor, abominate, loathe mean to feel strong aversion or intense dislike for. hate implies an emotional aversion often coupled with enmity or malice. hated the enemy with a passion detest suggests violent antipathy. detests cowards abhor implies a deep often shuddering repugnance. a crime abhorred by all abominate suggests strong detestation and often moral condemnation. abominates all forms of violence loathe implies utter disgust and intolerance. loathed the mere sight of them

Examples of hate in a Sentence

Noun These crimes are motivated by prejudice and hate. They have been unable to overcome their hates and fears. Verb He was a cruel tyrant who was hated and feared by his people. She hated them for betraying her. They were political rivals who truly hated each other. What is it that you hate about him most? children whose families have taught them to hate They hate being apart from each other. I hate the idea of leaving my mother alone all week. See More
Recent Examples on the Web: Noun In some markets, like the European Union, Twitter and its peers are facing growing regulatory pressure to bolster content moderation against hate speech and misinformation. Rishi Iyengar, CNN, 7 May 2022 The left favors campus speech codes and prohibitions on hate speech, including on social media platforms. Stephen Humphries, The Christian Science Monitor, 4 May 2022 And just last week, the European Union announced a bold set of regulations that will require platforms to take more aggressive steps to control disinformation, limit hate speech and disclose how their algorithms amplify divisive content. Washington Post, 2 May 2022 The idea of leaving Twitter in protest of Musk has become a talking point on the platform, and a reality for some who disagree with Musk’s stated aversion to proactive platform moderation of hate speech and misinformation that isn’t lawbreaking. NBC News, 28 Apr. 2022 The European Union has taken a more aggressive stand against public hate speech than the U.S. EU officials already have warned Musk that their rules will have to govern Twitter in Europe. Michael Hiltzik, Los Angeles Times, 28 Apr. 2022 The Tesla and SpaceX CEO has promised to restore free speech to Twitter following the acquisition, leading to threats by high-profile users to leave the platform over concerns about more hate speech on the site. Ariana Garcia, Chron, 27 Apr. 2022 The United States doesn’t have laws against hate speech. Andrew Marantz, The New Yorker, 27 Apr. 2022 By that same emotion-provoking stroke, Twitter can feel like a hate-speech generator, a web of anonymous goaders poking at all and any weaknesses. Raven Smith, Vogue, 27 Apr. 2022 Recent Examples on the Web: Verb Younger generations hate hearing about how hard the previous generations had it before them. Chris Mckeown, The Enquirer, 7 May 2022 The same pair of shoes one runner loves, another will hate. Shauna Harrison, SELF, 26 Apr. 2022 Flight attendants, like so many others, hate spending their workdays in a mask, and loathe even more the duty to enforce this insanity on paying customers whose patience is also running out. The Editors, National Review, 21 Apr. 2022 That is not to say that this is a horror series, this is a series about characters, the emotional component is the key, the ties that are created and broken, revenge, love, hate. Emiliano Granada, Variety, 6 Apr. 2022 This November, fans will hate each other during the Iron Bowl, and then come together hours later for the World Cup. Joseph Goodman | Jgoodman@al.com, al, 1 Apr. 2022 This has not gone over well because pretty much everybody in Hollywood not involved in the academy, hate it. James Brown, USA TODAY, 27 Mar. 2022 Or because, even if most of us hate war, warmongers like Hitler and Putin will always arise, forcing the people being attacked to fight in self-defense. John Horgan, Scientific American, 27 Apr. 2022 Nobody really likes quarantines, and businesses especially hate quarantines. Karin Wulf, Smithsonian Magazine, 19 Apr. 2022 See More

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'hate.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

First Known Use of hate


12th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1a


before the 12th century, in the meaning defined at transitive sense 1

History and Etymology for hate


Middle English, probably derivative of haten "to hate entry 2," replacing hete "hate, hatred," going back to Old English, going back to Germanic *hatiz- (whence, also inflected as an i-stem as in Old English, Old Saxon heti "hatred," and, inflected as a neuter strong noun, Old Norse hatr "hatred, spite" and Gothic hatis "anger, enmity"), perhaps going back to Indo-European *ḱh2d-es-, derivative of a base *ḱeh2d- "grief, pain, hatred," whence, with different ablaut grades and suffixation, Oscan cadeis (genitive singular) "ill will," Middle Irish cais "love, hatred," Old Welsh cás "bitterness, hatred" (Celtic from a derivative *ḱh2d-ti-), Greek kêdos (neuter) "care, grief, (in plural) funeral rites, mourning, connection by marriage," Avestan sādra- "grief, pain, calamity"

Note: Though this Indo-European etymon is generally accepted in etymological dictionaries of the relevant older languages, the semantic relations are far from transparent, in particular the relation between "grief, mourning, care" (Greek, Iranian) and "hatred" (Germanic, Italic, and Celtic, though the ambiguity of the Irish word is peculiar).


Middle English haten, going back to Old English hatian, going back to Germanic *hatōjan- (whence Old Saxon haton "to hate," Old High German hazzōn, Old Norse hata,), derivative from the base of *hatiz- hate entry 1

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Time Traveler for hate

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The first known use of hate was before the 12th century

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Dictionary Entries Near hate

hat dance



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Last Updated

11 May 2022

Cite this Entry

“Hate.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/hate. Accessed 18 May. 2022.

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More Definitions for hate


\ ˈhāt How to pronounce hate (audio) \

Kids Definition of hate

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: deep and bitter dislike


hated; hating

Kids Definition of hate (Entry 2 of 2)

: to feel great dislike toward
hate someone's guts
: to hate someone very much

More from Merriam-Webster on hate

Nglish: Translation of hate for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of hate for Arabic Speakers


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