hate

1 of 2

noun

1
a
: intense hostility and aversion usually deriving from fear, anger, or sense of injury
b
: extreme dislike or disgust : antipathy, loathing
had a great hate of hard work
c
: a systematic and especially politically exploited expression of hatred
a crime motivated by bigotry and hate
often used before another noun
hate mailan organization tracking hate groups
see also hate crime
2
: an object of hatred
a generation whose finest hate had been big business F. L. Paxson

hate

2 of 2

verb

hated; hating

transitive verb

1
: to feel extreme enmity toward : to regard with active hostility
hates his country's enemies
2
: to have a strong aversion to : find very distasteful
hated to have to meet strangers
hate hypocrisy

intransitive verb

: to express or feel extreme enmity or active hostility
harsh faces and hating eyes Katherine A. Porter
Phrases
hate one's guts
: to hate someone with great intensity
Choose the Right Synonym for hate

hate, detest, abhor, abominate, loathe mean to feel strong aversion or intense dislike for.

hate implies an emotional aversion often coupled with enmity or malice.

hated the enemy with a passion

detest suggests violent antipathy.

detests cowards

abhor implies a deep often shuddering repugnance.

a crime abhorred by all

abominate suggests strong detestation and often moral condemnation.

abominates all forms of violence

loathe implies utter disgust and intolerance.

loathed the mere sight of them

Example Sentences

Noun These crimes are motivated by prejudice and hate. They have been unable to overcome their hates and fears. Verb He was a cruel tyrant who was hated and feared by his people. She hated them for betraying her. They were political rivals who truly hated each other. What is it that you hate about him most? children whose families have taught them to hate They hate being apart from each other. I hate the idea of leaving my mother alone all week. See More
Recent Examples on the Web
Noun
Seeing news of the Atlanta spa shooting and other anti-Asian hate crimes, Wong’s mother signed them both up for virtual self-defense classes. oregonlive, 15 Nov. 2022 As D’Souza’s belly grew and the headlines told of a dramatic surge in anti-Asian hate crimes amid the COVID-19 pandemic, D’Souza set out to find other people who looked like her. Los Angeles Times, 12 Nov. 2022 Founded in 2021 in response to rising anti-Asian hate crimes, House of Slay has since mobilized AAPI voters, created a comic book, and partnered with the Brooklyn Nets on its inaugural AAPI Heritage Night. Sarah Spellings, Vogue, 8 Nov. 2022 She's been involved in the Black Lives Matter movement and raised awareness about hate crimes in the Asian American community, specifically doing work shining light on racial bias in our everyday technology with the organization Encode Justice. R29 Team, refinery29.com, 8 Nov. 2022 In 2019, two assailants motivated by anti-Jewish hate killed a police officer, then drove to a kosher market in Jersey City and killed three more people, before being slain in a gunbattle with police. Ryan Kryska, Fortune, 4 Nov. 2022 In 2019, two assailants motivated by anti-Jewish hate killed three people in a kosher market in Jersey City, along with a police officer. CBS News, 3 Nov. 2022 Prosecutors said Hanson’s threats, which prompted Merriam-Webster to shut its offices in New York City and Springfield, Mass., for nearly a week, were fueled by hate for the LGBTQ community. Derek Hawkins, Washington Post, 16 Sep. 2022 For example, Payton Gendron, the white man accused of killing 10 Black people in a racist massacre at a Buffalo, New York, supermarket in May, was indicted on charges of domestic terrorism motivated by hate and 10 counts of first-degree murder. Wyatte Grantham-philips, The Enquirer, 9 Aug. 2022
Verb
Whether the plaintiffs were taxpayers or states, the problem was the same: Like it or hate it, when the government hands out a benefit to a class of individuals, that doesn’t usually injure other individuals discretely. Steve Vladeck, CNN, 12 Nov. 2022 But the far-reaching layoffs—which have entirely uprooted some teams and prompted fears about the platform’s ability to moderate content and police hate speech and misinformation—are only part of the story of Musk’s first weeks in charge. Tristan Bove, Fortune, 11 Nov. 2022 Brands depend on Twitter to insert their ads into relevant conversations without being placed next to misinformation or hate speech. Scott Nover, Quartz, 1 Nov. 2022 While this behavior promotes hate, Harris said, people should look to engage in civil discourse instead. Keshia Butts, CBS News, 29 Oct. 2022 But, Musk’s vision for the platform is leaving some worried that hate speech and misinformation will again be allowed to thrive. Anisha Kohli, Time, 28 Oct. 2022 Similarly, 85% of Democrats and 72% of Republicans say misinformation increases hate crimes, including violence motivated by gender, religion or race. David Klepper, BostonGlobe.com, 13 Oct. 2022 Similarly, 85% of Democrats and 72% of Republicans say misinformation increases hate crimes, including violence motivated by gender, religion, or race. David Klepper, The Christian Science Monitor, 13 Oct. 2022 But still, hate crimes against Asian residents loom large in residents’ minds. Elissa Miolene, San Francisco Chronicle, 20 Aug. 2022 See More

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'hate.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

Word History

Etymology

Noun

Middle English, probably derivative of haten "to hate entry 2," replacing hete "hate, hatred," going back to Old English, going back to Germanic *hatiz- (whence, also inflected as an i-stem as in Old English, Old Saxon heti "hatred," and, inflected as a neuter strong noun, Old Norse hatr "hatred, spite" and Gothic hatis "anger, enmity"), perhaps going back to Indo-European *ḱh2d-es-, derivative of a base *ḱeh2d- "grief, pain, hatred," whence, with different ablaut grades and suffixation, Oscan cadeis (genitive singular) "ill will," Middle Irish cais "love, hatred," Old Welsh cás "bitterness, hatred" (Celtic from a derivative *ḱh2d-ti-), Greek kêdos (neuter) "care, grief, (in plural) funeral rites, mourning, connection by marriage," Avestan sādra- "grief, pain, calamity"

Note: Though this Indo-European etymon is generally accepted in etymological dictionaries of the relevant older languages, the semantic relations are far from transparent, in particular the relation between "grief, mourning, care" (Greek, Iranian) and "hatred" (Germanic, Italic, and Celtic, though the ambiguity of the Irish word is peculiar).

Verb

Middle English haten, going back to Old English hatian, going back to Germanic *hatōjan- (whence Old Saxon haton "to hate," Old High German hazzōn, Old Norse hata,), derivative from the base of *hatiz- hate entry 1

First Known Use

Noun

12th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

Verb

before the 12th century, in the meaning defined at transitive sense 1

Time Traveler
The first known use of hate was before the 12th century

Dictionary Entries Near hate

Cite this Entry

“Hate.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/hate. Accessed 29 Nov. 2022.

Kids Definition

hate 1 of 2

noun

1
: strong dislike
2
: something or someone that is hated

hate

2 of 2

verb

hated; hating
1
: to feel strong dislike toward
hates his country's enemies
2
a
: to have a strong feeling of disgust for
hate hypocrisy
b
: to find distasteful : dislike
hates cold weather
hate one's guts
: to hate someone to an extreme degree
hater noun

More from Merriam-Webster on hate

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