ge·​og·​ra·​phy jē-ˈä-grə-fē How to pronounce geography (audio)
plural geographies
: a science that deals with the description, distribution, and interaction of the diverse physical, biological, and cultural features of the earth's surface
: the geographic features of an area
: a treatise on geography
: a delineation or systematic arrangement of constituent elements : configuration
the philosophers … have tried to construct geographies of human reason Times Literary Supplement
: makeup sense 1
her emotional geography

Example Sentences

studying the geography of the western United States the geography of the region matches ancient descriptions of the location of the lost city
Recent Examples on the Web What has emerged is a fascinating story about geography, agriculture and politics in antiquity. Matti Friedman, Smithsonian Magazine, 7 Dec. 2022 Whether the two California schools will join the West, as geography dictates, or the conference will go with a non-divisional format remains to be seen. Paul Sullivan, Chicago Tribune, 16 Nov. 2022 Both sets of guidelines say ninth-graders should learn world history and geography from ancient times through 1500 CE. Hannah Natanson, Washington Post, 16 Nov. 2022 One piece speaks to another across geography and time. David L. Ulin, Los Angeles Times, 15 Nov. 2022 The semifinals will be played at neutral sites based on availability and geography with respect to each semifinalist. Nate Weitzer,, 14 Nov. 2022 People from all over Europe showed up, giving heartfelt speeches about how Mats had touched, enriched and changed their lives, and helped create a community that transcended age, geography and time. Elsa Keslassy, Variety, 14 Nov. 2022 Lunchtime can double as an art session or geography lesson with this colorable world map tablecloth. Catherine Garcia, The Week, 14 Nov. 2022 Experience contemporary art and historical artifacts that celebrate the remarkable life of a Chinese American icon born in San Francisco Chinatown, who transcended race, geography, and culture through uncanny strength and resilience. San Francisco Chronicle, 10 Nov. 2022 See More

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'geography.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

Word History


Latin geographia, from Greek geōgraphia, from geōgraphein to describe the earth's surface, from geō- + graphein to write — more at carve

First Known Use

15th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1

Time Traveler
The first known use of geography was in the 15th century

Dictionary Entries Near geography

Cite this Entry

“Geography.” Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, Accessed 4 Dec. 2022.

Kids Definition



ge·​og·​ra·​phy jē-ˈäg-rə-fē How to pronounce geography (audio)
plural geographies
: a science that deals with the location of living and nonliving things on earth and the way they affect one another
: the natural parts of an area
the geography of the western U.S.
or geographical

More from Merriam-Webster on geography

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