further

1 of 3

adverb

fur·​ther ˈfər-t͟hər How to pronounce further (audio)
1
: farther sense 1
my ponies are tired, and I have further to go Thomas Hardy
2
: to a greater degree or extent
further annoyed by a second intrusion
3
: in addition : moreover
Further, there are aurochs, red deer, wild boar, and large quantities of hare or rabbit. H. T. Waterbolk
Farther vs. Further: Usage Guide

Farther and further have been used more or less interchangeably throughout most of their history, but currently they are showing signs of diverging. As adverbs they continue to be used interchangeably whenever spatial, temporal, or metaphorical distance is involved. But where there is no notion of distance, further is used.

our techniques can be further refined

Further is also used as a sentence modifier

further, the workshop participants were scarcely optimistic L. B. Mayhew

, but farther is not. A polarizing process appears to be taking place in their adjective use. Farther is taking over the meaning of distance

the farther shore

and further the meaning of addition.

needed no further invitation

further

2 of 3

adjective

1
: farther sense 1
rode … across the valley and up the further slopes T. E. Lawrence
2
: going or extending beyond : additional
further volumes
further education

further

3 of 3

verb

furthered; furthering ˈfərt͟h-riŋ How to pronounce further (audio)
ˈfər-t͟hə-

transitive verb

: to help forward : promote
furtherer noun
Choose the Right Synonym for further

advance, promote, forward, further mean to help (someone or something) to move ahead.

advance stresses effective assisting in hastening a process or bringing about a desired end.

advance the cause of peace

promote suggests an encouraging or fostering and may denote an increase in status or rank.

a campaign to promote better health

forward implies an impetus forcing something ahead.

a wage increase would forward productivity

further suggests a removing of obstacles in the way of a desired advance.

used the marriage to further his career

Example Sentences

Adverb The town, such as it is, is one of those Northwest places that look like the outskirts of somewhere bigger, further down the road, but turn out to be all there is. Jonathan Raban, New York Review of Books, 26 Mar. 2009 The Russian artillery fire and bombs are reaching further into the southern sections of the city … Alessandra Stanley, New York Times, 17 Jan. 1995 … her example gave me courage to develop my own voice further. Rita Dove, Essence, May 1995 We need to look back further into the past to find the cause of these problems. I've never been further west than St. Louis. Their house is further up the street. We need to research further into this matter. The police have been reluctant to take their investigation any further. “They are not our friends.” “I would go even further and say they are our enemies.” I had enough money to invest. I realized, further, that the risk was small. Adjective He will undergo further questioning. If you need further information you can call me. We do not expect any further deliveries today. I have nothing further to say. There is a further problem: do we have enough money? We parked in the further lot. There is more damage to the further part of the fence. Verb Their efforts greatly furthered the state of research. The funds are to be used to further the public good. See More
Recent Examples on the Web
Adverb
Moscow’s invasion of Ukraine in February disrupted trade in energy and food and further accelerated prices. Paul Wiseman, BostonGlobe.com, 22 Nov. 2022 If energy prices rise further or energy supply is disrupted, growth could be even weaker than expected. Hanna Ziady, CNN, 22 Nov. 2022 The legal filings lay out a timeline to argue the matter further. Rebecca Santana, Anchorage Daily News, 22 Nov. 2022 In reality, nothing could be further from the truth. Tony Tetro, Town & Country, 22 Nov. 2022 The milestone was further shrouded by the Saturday night shooting at a gay nightclub in Colorado, which killed five people and wounded many others. Don Thompson, ajc, 22 Nov. 2022 But some streaming platforms are taking things a step further. WIRED, 22 Nov. 2022 Generating political consensus in this context was far harder now that his views about threats worth addressing were so much further from the mainstream. Jack Goldsmith, The Atlantic, 22 Nov. 2022 To further friluftsliv a female giftee, wrap up some Moment mints by MotherBar. Leanne Italie, Chicago Tribune, 21 Nov. 2022
Adjective
The diocese did not respond to emails or phone calls Tuesday seeking further information. Laura Schulte, Journal Sentinel, 23 Nov. 2022 No further information about the death of Diaz-Santos was immediately released. Stephen Sorace, Fox News, 22 Nov. 2022 Members of the Derby and New Haven police departments contacted Shelton police with further information based on the video. Mike Mavredakis, Hartford Courant, 22 Nov. 2022 No further information related to Oliver can be released under the court order. Al.com Staff, al, 21 Nov. 2022 Anyone with further information is asked to contact Det. Kc Baker, Peoplemag, 21 Nov. 2022 He was scheduled to appear in court on Nov. 3 with no further information available. Chicago Tribune, 20 Nov. 2022 Moscow police did not provide further information on those details. Aya Elamroussi, CNN, 19 Nov. 2022 No further information was immediately available and Kayla Montgomery’s legal team could not be reached for comment on Wednesday night. Camilo Fonseca, BostonGlobe.com, 17 Nov. 2022
Verb
Sustainability is an important topic within the fashion ecosystem, and Lagos Fashion Week is using this to further the conversation. Elvis Kachi, Essence, 23 Nov. 2022 Working on this project will not only further the education of Cedarville students but facilitate community impact as well. Shirley Macfarland, cleveland, 17 Nov. 2022 Just be careful to avoid chemical sunscreen (as well as fragrance, alcohol and salicylic acid) which can actually further irritate lips. Jessica Teich, Good Housekeeping, 13 Nov. 2022 That could further hammer business investment and cause U.S. banks to restrict lending even more. Paul Davidson, USA TODAY, 27 Oct. 2022 Eco-fascism is on the rise in the United States — seizing upon the misery of rural communities and harnessing their pain to further a dark narrative. Los Angeles Times, 28 Sep. 2022 That concession did not address the possibility that such actions could also further the criminal inquiry. Alan Feuer, BostonGlobe.com, 12 Sep. 2022 Ralph Baric, a top coronavirus researcher at UNC Chapel Hill who has collaborated with the Wuhan Institute of Virology, points to specific evidence needed to further the understanding of the virus' origins. A. Chris Gajilan, CNN, 19 Sep. 2021 With nearly a dozen virtual and in-person events between Aug. 8 and 15, many San Diegans went out of their way to educate others and try to further a better understanding of different peoples, faiths and cultures. San Diego Union-Tribune, 27 Aug. 2021 See More

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'further.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

Word History

Etymology

Adverb, Adjective, and Verb

Middle English, from Old English furthor (akin to Old High German furthar further), comparative, from the base of Old English forth forth

First Known Use

Adverb

before the 12th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1

Adjective

13th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1

Verb

before the 12th century, in the meaning defined above

Time Traveler
The first known use of further was before the 12th century

Dictionary Entries Near further

Cite this Entry

“Further.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/further. Accessed 1 Dec. 2022.

Kids Definition

further 1 of 3

adverb

fur·​ther ˈfər-t͟hər How to pronounce further (audio)
1
2
: in addition : besides, also
3
: to a greater degree or extent

further

2 of 3

verb

furthered; furthering ˈfərt͟h-(ə-)riŋ How to pronounce further (audio)
: to help forward : promote
furtherer noun

further

3 of 3

adjective

1
2
: going or extending beyond : additional
further study is needed

More from Merriam-Webster on further

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