flor·​id | \ ˈflȯr-əd How to pronounce florid (audio) , ˈflär- \

Definition of florid

1a : very flowery in style : ornate florid prose florid declamations also : having a florid style a florid writer
b : elaborately decorated a florid interior
c obsolete : covered with flowers
2a : tinged with red : ruddy a florid complexion
b : marked by emotional or sexual fervor a florid secret life a florid sensibility
3 : fully developed : manifesting a complete and typical clinical syndrome the florid stage of a disease
4 archaic : healthy

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Other Words from florid

floridity \ flə-​ˈri-​də-​tē How to pronounce florid (audio) , flȯ-​ \ noun
floridly \ ˈflȯr-​əd-​lē How to pronounce florid (audio) , ˈflär-​ \ adverb
floridness \ ˈflȯr-​əd-​nəs How to pronounce florid (audio) , ˈflär-​ \ noun

Did you know?

When it first entered English "florid" was used with the literal meaning "covered with flowers." That use, though now obsolete, hints at the word's history. English speakers borrowed "florid" from the Latin adjective floridus ("blooming" or "flowery"), itself from the verb "florēre" ("to bloom"). "Florēre," which in turn comes from a Latin root meaning "flower," is also an ancestor of the words "flourish" and "florescence" ("a state or period of flourishing"). These days, "florid" can refer to an overblown style in speech, writing, or decoration. As such, its synonyms include "ornate," "rococo," and "overwrought."

Examples of florid in a Sentence

a florid, gilded mirror that took up most of the wall gave a florid speech in honor of the queen's visit
Recent Examples on the Web Long or short, soft or loud, florid or dry, funny or serious — each prison column lands with a thud. Kyle Whitmire, al, 27 Sep. 2021 Messiaen provided florid descriptions of the movements, and in this one the reed warbler is the great orator of his local lily pond. Los Angeles Times, 27 Sep. 2021 Around that time, Texas Right to Life, a decades-old Christian pro-life organization that was one of the principal forces behind the passage of S.B. 8, sent out a florid fund-raising appeal. Jia Tolentino, The New Yorker, 5 Sep. 2021 The bottles are now adorned with a clean, minimalist label, which the Baccini family says is a deliberate distancing from the often florid, fussy designs for prosecco wines. Rebecca Ann Hughes, Forbes, 30 Aug. 2021 What brings the movie to the edge of camp, though, is the contrast between Wahlberg’s wooden line readings and the florid performance by Chiwetel Ejiofor as the chief villain, an epicene Infinite named Bathurst. BostonGlobe.com, 9 June 2021 Featuring a dropper for a customizable experience, this warm and spicy fragrance stands out from the florid seasonal scents. Jennifer Ford, Forbes, 6 Apr. 2021 And yet the language only becomes more florid, even Shakespearean. Max Bearak, Washington Post, 1 Mar. 2021 The Death of Michael Corleone), his style as a director had become more florid, more emotionally extravagant and expressionistic (his next project would be Bram Stoker’s Dracula). Bilge Ebiri, Vulture, 25 Feb. 2021

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'florid.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of florid

1651, in the meaning defined at sense 1c

History and Etymology for florid

borrowed from Latin flōridus "abounding in flowers, brightly colored, in the bloom of youth, highly colored (of rhetoric)," adjective derivative, with the suffix -idus, corresponding to flōrēre "to bloom" — more at florescence

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Last Updated

10 Oct 2021

Cite this Entry

“Florid.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/florid. Accessed 28 Oct. 2021.

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More Definitions for florid



English Language Learners Definition of florid

: very fancy or too fancy
: having a red or reddish color


flor·​id | \ ˈflȯr-əd How to pronounce florid (audio) \

Kids Definition of florid

1 : very fancy or flowery in style florid writing
2 : having a reddish color a florid face


flor·​id | \ ˈflȯr-əd, ˈflär- How to pronounce florid (audio) \

Medical Definition of florid

: fully developed : manifesting a complete and typical clinical syndrome florid hyperplasia

Other Words from florid

floridly adverb

More from Merriam-Webster on florid

Nglish: Translation of florid for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of florid for Arabic Speakers


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