finance

1 of 2

noun

fi·​nance fə-ˈnan(t)s How to pronounce finance (audio)
ˈfī-ˌnan(t)s,
fī-ˈnan(t)s How to pronounce finance (audio)
1
finances plural : money or other liquid resources of a government, business, group, or individual
The library closed due to a lack of finances.
2
: the system that includes the circulation of money, the granting of credit, the making of investments, and the provision of banking facilities
3
: the science or study of the management of funds
An expert in finance predicts a global recession.
4
: the obtaining of funds or capital : financing
business expansion for which finance would otherwise be unavailableF. D. Roosevelt

finance

2 of 2

verb

financed; financing

transitive verb

1
a
: to raise or provide funds or capital for
finance a new house
b
: to furnish with necessary funds
finance a son through college
2
: to sell something to on credit

Example Sentences

Noun She's taking a course on personal finance. an expert in finance who predicts global economic disaster The library closed due to a lack of finances. Verb His parents financed his college education. The study was financed by a government grant. They financed him to study abroad. See More
Recent Examples on the Web
Noun
Not having a finance chief or other financial professional is common at early-stage companies whose priority is often growth. Anna Mutoh, WSJ, 24 Mar. 2023 The promise of democratized finance was (and still could be) enormous, but somewhere along the way, the focus shifted from enduring applications to buzz fueled by coin speculation. Brian O’malley, Fortune, 24 Mar. 2023 The possible indictment could center on whether the payment amounted to a violation of campaign finance law. Tal Axelrod, ABC News, 24 Mar. 2023 Political candidates, including Baker, can make unlimited financial contributions to local party committees, under the state’s campaign finance law. Danny Mcdonald, BostonGlobe.com, 23 Mar. 2023 But the fund is not governed by state campaign finance law. Emily Opilo, Baltimore Sun, 23 Mar. 2023 Sunak, then finance minister, was also fined for attending the event. William Booth, Washington Post, 22 Mar. 2023 Ben-Gvir is serving as security minister and Smotrich as finance minister, which gives him significant authority over the West Bank. Tracy Wilkinson, Los Angeles Times, 21 Mar. 2023 Fortune’s CFO Daily newsletter is the must-read analysis every finance professional needs to get ahead. Erin Prater, Fortune Well, 20 Mar. 2023
Verb
For those planning to purchase a high-end home who still need a jumbo loan to finance their deal, Chaney has some advice. Robyn A. Friedman, Sun Sentinel, 16 Feb. 2023 Tesla stock tanked as Musk offloaded $22.9 billion worth of his shares in the company to finance his Twitter deal, though Musk vowed in December to not sell any more Tesla stock for at least two more years. Derek Saul, Forbes, 25 Jan. 2023 The banks helping to finance his Twitter deal would play a huge role if the company ever goes under. Faiz Siddiqui, Washington Post, 24 Dec. 2022 And if dipping into the Tesla treasure chest wasn’t ruffling enough feathers, bankers are now mulling new margin loans tied to the Tesla stock to ease $3 billion of the $13 billion high-interest debt Musk took on to finance the $44 billion deal. Ananya Bhattacharya, Quartz, 9 Dec. 2022 The financial pressures come after Musk saddled Twitter with $13 billion in debt to finance the deal, meaning the company must pay more than $1 billion annually in interest alone, the New York Times reported. Joey Garrison, USA TODAY, 4 Dec. 2022 Musk has dumped billions of dollars worth of Tesla stock on an unsuspecting market in an attempt to finance the deal, most recently at the start of this month. Christiaan Hetzner, Fortune, 15 Nov. 2022 Musk had lined up banks including Morgan Stanley to help finance the Twitter deal. Time, 9 Nov. 2022 Musk had lined up banks including Morgan Stanley to help finance the Twitter deal. Barbara Ortutay, ajc, 9 Nov. 2022 See More

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'finance.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

Word History

Etymology

Noun

borrowed from French finances, going back to Middle French, "monetary resources, revenue," in singular, "money, resource," from finer "to pay by way of settlement, make a payment" (derivative of fin "final agreement, payment, fine entry 3") + -ance -ance

Note: In the current senses, finance is borrowed directly from French, though the word existed in English with early senses going back to medieval French; cf. Middle English fynaunce "ending, outcome, monetary payment, ransom," borrowed from Anglo-French in these senses.

Verb

derivative of finance entry 1

First Known Use

Noun

1739, in the meaning defined at sense 1

Verb

1866, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

Time Traveler
The first known use of finance was in 1739

Dictionary Entries Near finance

Cite this Entry

“Finance.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/finance. Accessed 26 Mar. 2023.

Kids Definition

finance

1 of 2 noun
fi·​nance fə-ˈnan(t)s How to pronounce finance (audio) ˈfī-ˌnan(t)s How to pronounce finance (audio)
fī-ˈnan(t)s
1
plural : resources (as money) available to a government, person, group, or business
2
: the obtaining or providing of funds or capital
3
: the system that includes the circulation of money, the providing of banks and credit, and the making of investments
financial
fə-ˈnan-chəl
fī-
adjective
financially
-ˈnanch-(ə-)lē
adverb

finance

2 of 2 verb
financed; financing
: to provide money for
finance a trip

Legal Definition

finance

1 of 2 noun
fi·​nance
1
plural : money or other liquid resources of a government, business, group, or individual
2
: the system that includes the circulation of money, the granting of credit, the making of investments, and the provision of banking facilities
3
: the science or study of the management of funds
4
: the obtaining of funds or capital : financing

finance

2 of 2 transitive verb
financed; financing
1
a
: to raise or provide funds or capital for
finance a takeover
b
: to furnish with necessary funds
2
: to sell something to on credit

More from Merriam-Webster on finance

Last Updated: - Updated example sentences
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