enu·​mer·​ate | \ i-ˈn(y)ü-mə-ˌrāt How to pronounce enumerate (audio) \
enumerated; enumerating

Definition of enumerate

transitive verb

1 : to ascertain the number of : count
2 : to specify one after another : list

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Other Words from enumerate

enumerative \ i-​ˈn(y)ü-​mə-​ˌrā-​tiv How to pronounce enumerate (audio) , -​ˈn(y)üm-​rə-​ , -​ˈn(y)ü-​mə-​rə-​ \ adjective

The Meaning of Enumerate Gets Specific

In a census year, the U.S. government attempts to enumerate every single citizen of the country—a task that, even in the modern era of technology, isn't truly possible. Medical tests often require the enumeration of bacteria, viruses, or other organisms to determine the progress of a disease or the effectiveness of a medication. Despite its numer- root, you don't have to use numbers when enumerating. For students of government and law, the "enumerated powers" are the specific responsibilities of the Congress, as listed in the U.S. Constitution; these are the only powers that Congress has, a fact that the Tenth Amendment makes even more clearly.

Examples of enumerate in a Sentence

Let me enumerate my reasons for doing this. I proceeded to enumerate the reasons why I would be justified in filing a lawsuit for negligence.
Recent Examples on the Web The documents do not enumerate in detail who is eligible for an additional vaccine dose. Helen Branswell, STAT, 16 Aug. 2021 The guidance doesn't enumerate which of the many outdoor camp activities should and shouldn't require masks. NBC News, 28 May 2021 There are differences, some slight and some significant, between the novel and the series, but to enumerate them would be to validate a false hierarchy of the source text and its adaptation. Doreen St. Félix, The New Yorker, 14 May 2021 The scale of the challenge in parts of rural Oregon remains difficult to enumerate. oregonlive, 10 Apr. 2021 De Ceukelaire had found a manual and somewhat limited, but still effective, way to enumerate phone numbers and extract their corresponding user information from Facebook through the contact import feature. Lily Hay Newman, Wired, 9 Apr. 2021 Besides those 10 labels and catalogs, BMG refused a request to enumerate what other imprints were included in the review. Ed Christman, Billboard, 18 Dec. 2020 Employees should continue to work diligently and enumerate as many people as possible. Paul Gattis | Pgattis@al.com, al, 3 Oct. 2020 In the past week, hurricanes and wildfires have caused additional delays as the bureau races to enumerate all households in the country. Washington Post, 22 Sep. 2020

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'enumerate.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of enumerate

1616, in the meaning defined at sense 1

History and Etymology for enumerate

Latin enumeratus, past participle of enumerare, from e- + numerare to count, from numerus number

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Time Traveler for enumerate

Time Traveler

The first known use of enumerate was in 1616

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Last Updated

26 Aug 2021

Cite this Entry

“Enumerate.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/enumerate. Accessed 17 Oct. 2021.

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More Definitions for enumerate



English Language Learners Definition of enumerate

: to name (things) one after another in a list


enu·​mer·​ate | \ i-ˈnü-mə-ˌrāt How to pronounce enumerate (audio) , -ˈnyü- \
enumerated; enumerating

Kids Definition of enumerate

2 : to name one after another : list

More from Merriam-Webster on enumerate

Nglish: Translation of enumerate for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of enumerate for Arabic Speakers


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