depression

noun
de·​pres·​sion | \ di-ˈpre-shən How to pronounce depression (audio) , dē- \
plural depressions

Definition of depression

1 : an act of depressing or a state of being depressed: such as
a : a state of feeling sad : low spirits : melancholy specifically : a mood disorder that is marked by varying degrees of sadness, despair, and loneliness and that is typically accompanied by inactivity, guilt, loss of concentration, social withdrawal, sleep disturbances, and sometimes suicidal tendencies — see also clinical depression, major depression, postpartum depression
b(1) : a reduction in activity, amount, quality, or force a depression in trade
(2) biology : a lowering of physical or mental vitality or of functional activity
c : a pressing down : lowering a depression of the tab key
2 economics : a period of low general economic activity marked especially by rising levels of unemployment heading towards a depression periods of economic depression
3 : a place or part that is lower than the surrounding area : a depressed place or part : hollow The chicken pox left several depressions in her skin.
4 meteorology : low entry 2 sense 1b a tropical depression
5a astronomy : the angular distance of a celestial object below the horizon
b mathematics : the size of an angle of depression

Synonyms & Antonyms for depression

Synonyms

Antonyms

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Examples of depression in a Sentence

She has been undergoing treatment for severe depression. Many people suffer from clinical depression for years before being diagnosed. After several years of an economic boom, it looks as though we may be heading toward a depression. The photographs show depressions in the moon's surface.
Recent Examples on the Web As the movie opens, Franklin is just leaving rehab, presumably after a near-disastrous bout with depression. Ann Hornaday, Washington Post, 2 Aug. 2022 These accounts filled in important blanks in Wallace’s personal history, including aspects of his decades-long battle with addiction and depression, and the grim details of his final weeks in California. Jon Baskin, The New Yorker, 27 July 2022 In addition to psychosis, the studies included in the analysis focused on the impact of high-potency cannabis on several other aspects of mental health, including anxiety, depression and addiction. Linda Carroll, NBC News, 26 July 2022 Tennis star Naomi Osaka has been open about her struggles with depression, going so far as to withdraw from the French Open in 2021. Leah Asmelash, CNN, 22 July 2022 Gavin Wallace-Ailsworth had grappled with depression. Stephen Humphries, The Christian Science Monitor, 22 July 2022 The charge against former Sen. Karen Carter Peterson, who resigned from the Legislature in April while citing battles with depression and gambling addiction, involved her past political campaigns and one-time chairmanship of the state party. Fox News, 14 July 2022 Research into psychedelics including psilocybin, MDMA and ketamine has shown that the drugs have potential therapeutic benefits, particularly for serious mental health conditions such as depression, addiction and anxiety. A.j. Herrington, Forbes, 24 June 2022 Having turned to experimental therapies to treat post-traumatic stress disorder, traumatic brain injuries, addiction and depression, many former military members have become effusive advocates for a wider embrace of psychedelics. New York Times, 21 May 2022 See More

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'depression.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

First Known Use of depression

15th century, in the meaning defined at sense 5a

History and Etymology for depression

see depress

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Time Traveler for depression

Time Traveler

The first known use of depression was in the 15th century

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Dictionary Entries Near depression

depressing

depression

depressional

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Statistics for depression

Last Updated

5 Aug 2022

Cite this Entry

“Depression.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/depression. Accessed 15 Aug. 2022.

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More Definitions for depression

depression

noun
de·​pres·​sion | \ di-ˈpre-shən How to pronounce depression (audio) \

Kids Definition of depression

1 : an act of pressing down depression of the brake pedal
2 : a hollow place or part My foot made a depression in the sand.
3 : a feeling of sadness Your support eased my depression.
4 : a period of low activity in business with much unemployment

depression

noun
de·​pres·​sion | \ di-ˈpresh-ən How to pronounce depression (audio) \

Medical Definition of depression

1 : a displacement downward or inward depression of the jaw
2 : an act of depressing or a state of being depressed: as
a : a state of feeling sad : low spirits : melancholy specifically : a mood disorder marked by varying degrees of sadness, despair, and loneliness that is typically accompanied by inactivity, guilt, loss of concentration, social withdrawal, sleep disturbances, and sometimes suicidal tendencies — see also clinical depression, major depression, postpartum depression
b : a reduction in functional activity, amount, quality, or force depression of autonomic function depression of red blood cells

More from Merriam-Webster on depression

Nglish: Translation of depression for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of depression for Arabic Speakers

Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about depression

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