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con·​sist kən-ˈsist How to pronounce consist (audio)
consisted; consisting; consists

intransitive verb

: lie, reside
usually used with in
Liberty consists in the absence of obstructions …A. E. Housman
"In her consists my happiness … "William Shakespeare
: exist, be
: to be capable of existing
: to be composed or made up
usually used with of
Breakfast consisted of cereal, milk, and fruit.
The team consists of five players.
: to be consistent
it consists with the facts


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con·​sist ˈkän-ˌsist How to pronounce consist (audio)
: makeup or composition (as of coal sizes or a railroad train) by classes, types, or grades and arrangement

Examples of consist in a Sentence

Verb that account consists with the information in the other reports
Recent Examples on the Web
Quinn says that his VFX income has now matched his earnings from his day job, while Cache Bunny’s portfolio consists entirely of VFX work — some for celebrities, others in the commercial sphere. Jeff Gage, Los Angeles Times, 15 Sep. 2023 Secondhand Time: The Last of the Soviets by Svetlana Alexievich (2013) This kaleidoscopic account of the fall of the Soviet Union consists entirely of stories told to the author by quote-unquote ordinary people. The Week Staff, The Week, 2 Sep. 2023 The fan consists mainly of metal and features a modern industrial design. Nor'adila Hepburn, Southern Living, 14 July 2023 He was twice found to be mentally incompetent to stand trial, and his criminal history consisted largely of petty theft accusations, records show. Jeff McDonald, San Diego Union-Tribune, 6 Sep. 2023 Try to eat or drink a small amount of something warm that consists mostly of healthy fats as your last meal before going to bed. Amber Smith, Discover Magazine, 14 Aug. 2023 The opening volume — which became the first book by a woman to win the Thurber Prize for American Humor — consists entirely of Fitger’s letters and memos, documents marked by varying degrees of umbrage and futility. Katherine A. Powers, Washington Post, 10 Aug. 2023 Unfortunately, the reality was that my life consisted only of the four dark walls that hid us from abuse, and the many tears that made a permanent home on my pillow. Rachel Hackett, National Review, 30 July 2023 Of its 45 passengers – which consisted mostly of the rugby team, friends and family – only 29 survived. Nick Vivarelli, Variety, 22 July 2023
The most basic consist of mounded earth. Thomas Page, CNN, 18 July 2022 Most of the unscheduled feedings (i.e. snacks and desserts) that Kenyan runners partake of consist of fresh fruit. Matt Fitzgerald, Outside Online, 27 July 2015 Classified as Ourasphaira giraldae, the ancient microfungi consist of branching filaments attached to bulbous structures. Gemma Tarlach, Discover Magazine, 22 May 2019 The typical types of output today from generative AI consist of output that is purely text or that is pure art. Lance Eliot, Forbes, 29 Dec. 2022 But that ignores how much of the content on other platforms like Instagram and TikTok consist of Twitter screenshots! Ew Staff,, 29 Sep. 2022 These pillows consist of an organic cotton cover filled with buckwheat hulls that can be removed or added to adjust the height and level. Dallas News, 10 Jan. 2023 The front and rear suspensions each consist of a rigid axle located by leaf springs. Csaba Csere, Car and Driver, 5 Jan. 2023 By 2030, Porsche hopes to have more than 80 percent of its sales consist of EVs. Caleb Miller, Car and Driver, 13 Nov. 2022 See More

These examples are programmatically compiled from various online sources to illustrate current usage of the word 'consist.' Any opinions expressed in the examples do not represent those of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback about these examples.

Word History



borrowed from Middle French & Latin; Middle French consister "to lie, reside (in), stay permanently, comprise," borrowed from Latin consistere "to stop moving, come to a halt, remain at the same level, take up a position, reside, be composed (of), be established (in a given state), come into existence," from con- con- + sistere "to cause to stand, assume a standing position, place, check, halt" — more at assist entry 1


derivative of consist entry 1

First Known Use


1526, in the meaning defined at sense 1


1898, in the meaning defined above

Time Traveler
The first known use of consist was in 1526

Dictionary Entries Near consist

Cite this Entry

“Consist.” Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, Accessed 4 Oct. 2023.

Kids Definition


: to be made up or composed
breakfast consisted of cereal, milk, and fruit
coal consists mostly of carbon

More from Merriam-Webster on consist

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