condition

1 of 2

noun

con·​di·​tion kən-ˈdi-shən How to pronounce condition (audio)
1
a
: a premise upon which the fulfillment of an agreement depends : stipulation
b
obsolete : covenant
c
: a provision making the effect of a legal instrument contingent upon an uncertain event
must meet the terms and conditions of the contract
also : the event itself
2
: something essential to the appearance or occurrence of something else : prerequisite: such as
a
: an environmental requirement
Available oxygen is an essential condition for animal life.
b
: the clause of a conditional sentence
3
a
: a restricting or modifying factor : qualification
b
: an unsatisfactory academic grade that may be raised by doing additional work
4
a
: a state of being
the human condition
b
: social status : rank
c
: a usually defective state of health
a serious heart condition
d
: a state of physical fitness or readiness for use
The car was in good condition.
exercising to get into condition
e
conditions plural : attendant circumstances
poor living conditions
safe working conditions
5
a
obsolete : temper of mind
b
obsolete : trait
c
conditions plural, archaic : manners, ways

condition

2 of 2

verb

conditioned; conditioning kən-ˈdi-sh(ə-)niŋ How to pronounce condition (audio)

intransitive verb

archaic : to make stipulations

transitive verb

1
: to agree by stipulating
2
: to make conditional
3
a
: to put into a proper state for work or use
4
: to give a grade of condition to
5
a
: to adapt, modify, or mold so as to conform to an environing culture
traditional beliefs conditioning a child's attitude
b
: to modify so that an act or response previously associated with one stimulus becomes associated with another
conditionable adjective

Example Sentences

Noun Happiness is the state or condition of being happy. Their weakened condition makes them more likely to get sick. Verb the length of time that it takes for runners to condition their bodies for a marathon a company that must condition its traditional ways of doing business to the realities of the global economy
Recent Examples on the Web
Noun
He was taken to the hospital in critical condition and underwent surgery Tuesday evening after police believe he was shot in the 1700 block of Lamont Avenue in the Oliver neighborhood. Dan Belson, Baltimore Sun, 25 Jan. 2023 As a result of the regulatory investigation, the tire maker initiated a recall in June to respond to risks shown to occur when the tire was used in an underinflated or overloaded condition on motor homes. Ryan Felton, WSJ, 25 Jan. 2023 Francis had surgery in 2021 to remove a section of his colon because of the condition. Elisabetta Povoledo, BostonGlobe.com, 25 Jan. 2023 Statements made are not meant to offer medical advice or to diagnose any condition. Dallas News, 24 Jan. 2023 The second-term governor touted the state's economic condition, noting a record budget surplus and a AAA bond credit rating. Corrinne Hess, Journal Sentinel, 24 Jan. 2023 That person was upgraded to stable condition Tuesday after coming out of surgery, authorities said. Jessica Flores, San Francisco Chronicle, 24 Jan. 2023 Antler in good condition, still natural brown color, may be a bit dull or faded on one side and slightly weathered, probably last year’s drop. Michael Hanback, Outdoor Life, 24 Jan. 2023 This can be an extremely important part of keeping your brick-and-mortar facilities in good condition and saving your company on otherwise costly repairs. Ray Schultz, Forbes, 24 Jan. 2023
Verb
One option is to condition more of its investments in municipal redevelopment agencies on the inclusion of affordable housing units in those projects. Blake Apgar, The Salt Lake Tribune, 3 Jan. 2023 Beard hair is typically more coarse, which is why many beard shampoos contain moisturizing ingredients that help to soften and condition your thick beard hair. Cristina Montemayor, Men's Health, 28 Dec. 2022 The formula is great to keep your brows in place but also has soothing chamomile to condition your hair. Tatjana Freund, ELLE, 8 Dec. 2022 This beard oil contains sunflower oil and antimicrobial avocado oil, which work together to condition and strengthen the hair while minimizing breakage and fighting flakiness. Dallas News, 30 Nov. 2022 This shampoo works to moisturize and condition the skin to prevent fallout from occurring in the first place. Theresa Holland, Peoplemag, 8 Nov. 2022 To build this type of system, the first step should be to condition employees to spot suspicious emails and report them to their IT security teams via immersion in simulated phishing exercises. Rohyt Belani, Forbes, 27 Jan. 2022 The jet-black formula is free of harmful ingredients and works to lengthen and condition the lashes without smudging. Alex Warner, Peoplemag, 26 Nov. 2022 Are there characteristics of marriages that condition the effect of infidelity? Seriously Science, Discover Magazine, 16 May 2016 See More

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'condition.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

Word History

Etymology

Noun and Verb

Middle English condicion, from Anglo-French, from Latin condicion-, condicio terms of agreement, condition, from condicere to agree, from com- + dicere to say, determine — more at diction

First Known Use

Noun

14th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

Verb

15th century, in the meaning defined at intransitive sense

Time Traveler
The first known use of condition was in the 14th century

Dictionary Entries Near condition

Cite this Entry

“Condition.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/condition. Accessed 6 Feb. 2023.

Kids Definition

condition

1 of 2 noun
con·​di·​tion kən-ˈdish-ən How to pronounce condition (audio)
1
: something on which the carrying out of an agreement depends
conditions of employment
2
: something essential to the appearance or occurrence of something else
3
: something that limits or restricts : qualification
4
a
: a state of being
b
: position in life
people of humble condition
c
plural : state of affairs
poor living conditions
5
a
: a bodily state in which something is wrong
a serious heart condition
b
: a state of physical fitness or readiness for use
an athlete in good condition
the car was in poor condition

condition

2 of 2 verb
conditioned; conditioning
-ˈdish-(ə-)niŋ
1
: to put into a proper or desired condition
2
a
: to adapt, modify, or mold to respond in a particular way
b
: to change the behavior of (an organism) in such a way that a response to a given stimulus becomes connected with a different and formerly unrelated stimulus
dogs can be conditioned to salivate at the sound of a bell

Medical Definition

condition

1 of 2 noun
con·​di·​tion kən-ˈdish-ən How to pronounce condition (audio)
1
: something essential to the appearance or occurrence of something else
especially : an environmental requirement
available oxygen is an essential condition for animal life
2
a
: a usually defective state of health
a serious heart condition
b
: a state of physical fitness
exercising to get into condition

condition

2 of 2 transitive verb
conditioned; conditioning -ˈdish-(ə-)niŋ How to pronounce condition (audio)
: to cause to undergo a change so that an act or response previously associated with one stimulus becomes associated with another
conditionable adjective

Legal Definition

condition

1 of 2 noun
con·​di·​tion
1
: an uncertain future act or event whose occurrence or nonoccurrence determines the rights or obligations of a party under a legal instrument and especially a contract
also : a clause in the instrument describing the act or event and its effect
concurrent condition
: a condition that is to be fulfilled by one party at the same time that a mutual condition is to be fulfilled by another party
condition implied in law
: constructive condition in this entry
condition precedent \ -​pri-​ˈsēd-​ᵊnt, -​ˈpre-​sə-​dənt \
: a condition that must be fulfilled before performance under a contract can become due, an estate can vest, or a right can become effective
condition subsequent
: a condition whose fulfillment defeats or modifies an estate or right already in effect or vested or discharges an already existing duty under a contract
constructive condition
: a condition created by operation of law

called also condition implied in law

compare express condition in this entry
express condition
: a condition created and explicitly stated by the parties to a contract compare constructive condition in this entry
potestative condition \ ˈpō-​tes-​ˌtā-​tiv \
in the civil law of Louisiana : a condition whose fulfillment was completely within the power of the obligated party

Note: Article 1770 of the Louisiana Civil Code eliminates the term potestative condition, stating that suspensive conditions which depend on the whim of the obligated party make the obligation null, and that resolutory conditions which depend on the will of the obligated party must be fulfilled in good faith.

resolutory condition \ ˌre-​zə-​ˈlü-​tə-​rē-​, ri-​ˈzäl-​yu̇-​ˌtōr-​ē-​ \
in the civil law of Louisiana : a condition that upon fulfillment terminates an already enforceable obligation and entitles the parties to be restored to their original positions see also potestative condition in this entry
suspensive condition
in the civil law of Louisiana : a condition which must be fulfilled before an obligation is enforceable see also potestative condition in this entry
2
: a state of being
a latent defective condition
3
: one of the rights or obligations of the policyholder or the insurer set forth in an insurance policy
conditional adjective
conditionally adverb

condition

2 of 2 transitive verb
conditioned; conditioning
: to make subject to conditions
the sale…was orally conditioned upon approval of the patentJ. D. Calamari and J. M. Perillo

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