calculate

verb
cal·​cu·​late | \ ˈkal-kyə-ˌlāt How to pronounce calculate (audio) \
calculated; calculating

Definition of calculate

transitive verb

1a : to determine by mathematical processes calculate the rate of acceleration
b : to reckon by exercise of practical judgment : estimate calculate the likelihood of success
c : to solve or probe the meaning of : figure out trying to calculate his expression— Hugh MacLennan
2 : to design or adapt for a purpose he carefully calculated the timing of his arrival for maximum impact
3a : to judge to be true or probable
b : intend I calculate to do it or perish in the attempt— Mark Twain

intransitive verb

1a : to make a calculation
b : to forecast consequences
2 : count, rely

Synonyms for calculate

Synonyms

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Examples of calculate in a Sentence

calculate the volume of a cylinder I need to calculate how long it will take me to drive to Chicago. We calculated the cost of new carpeting for the whole house. We need to calculate our chances of success before we invest more money in the business.
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Recent Examples on the Web Experts also caution there are various ways to calculate net zero — and deciding on one standard definition is one of the big challenges going forward. Time, 3 Nov. 2021 An app would keep track of the hours and calculate what employers owe, making recordkeeping manageable, according to Ronen, who co-wrote the ordinance with the California Domestic Workers Coalition. Lila Seidman, Los Angeles Times, 27 Oct. 2021 The study is still going on, and the company cannot calculate the vaccine’s effectiveness in actually preventing infections in children unless there are sufficient COVID-19 cases to compare rates between vaccinated and unvaccinated participants. Lauran Neergaard, Anchorage Daily News, 25 Oct. 2021 Under the new coronavirus order, state enterprises must determine the number of employees needed to continue operations while government will calculate how many employees are needed to keep the healthcare system and other critical sectors working. Ann M. Simmons, WSJ, 20 Oct. 2021 The state is exempt from paying the higher minimum wage Flagstaff voters approved in 2016, and the law authorizing assessments does not specifically say the state can calculate the indirect costs of paying contractors. From Usa Today Network And Wire Reports, USA TODAY, 14 Oct. 2021 The tool is still in the early stages of development, but the goal is to create a model that would calculate the costs associated with climate change on a business. Peter Krouse, cleveland, 14 Oct. 2021 The state is specifically exempt from paying the higher minimum wage the city's voters approved in 2016, and the law authorizing assessments does not specifically say the state can calculate the indirect costs of paying contractors. Bob Christie, The Arizona Republic, 12 Oct. 2021 This particular mission, the agency says, is so that scientists can calculate how effective DART missions can be. Li Cohen, CBS News, 6 Oct. 2021

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'calculate.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of calculate

1542, in the meaning defined at transitive sense 1a

History and Etymology for calculate

Latin calculatus, past participle of calculare, from calculus pebble (used in reckoning), perhaps irregular diminutive of calc-, calx lime — more at chalk

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Time Traveler for calculate

Time Traveler

The first known use of calculate was in 1542

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Dictionary Entries Near calculate

calculable

calculate

calculated

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Statistics for calculate

Last Updated

19 Nov 2021

Cite this Entry

“Calculate.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/calculate. Accessed 27 Nov. 2021.

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More Definitions for calculate

calculate

verb

English Language Learners Definition of calculate

: to find (a number, answer, etc.) by using mathematical processes
: to get a general idea about the value, size, or cost of (something) : estimate

calculate

verb
cal·​cu·​late | \ ˈkal-kyə-ˌlāt How to pronounce calculate (audio) \
calculated; calculating

Kids Definition of calculate

1 : to find by adding, subtracting, multiplying, or dividing : compute calculate an average
2 : estimate entry 1 She calculated the risk.
3 : to plan by careful thought : intend Her remark was calculated to shock her listeners.

More from Merriam-Webster on calculate

Nglish: Translation of calculate for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of calculate for Arabic Speakers

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