bruise

noun
\ ˈbrüz How to pronounce bruise (audio) \

Definition of bruise

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1a : an injury involving rupture of small blood vessels and discoloration without a break in the overlying skin : contusion
b : a similar injury to plant tissue
3 : an injury especially to the feelings criticisms that left a bruise

bruise

verb
bruised; bruising

Definition of bruise (Entry 2 of 2)

transitive verb

1 : to inflict an injury involving rupture of small blood vessels and discoloration without a break in the overlying skin or a similar injury to plant tissue : to inflict a bruise (see bruise entry 1 sense 1) on : contuse bruised her arm when he grabbed her
2 : to break down (leaves, berries, etc.) by pounding : crush
3 : wound, injure especially : to inflict psychological hurt on The professional and personal tumbles that have bruised your ego in the past 12 months are over. New Woman
4a : batter, dent bruise armor
b archaic : disable

intransitive verb

1 : to bear or show the effects of a bruise : to undergo bruising her skin bruises easily
2 : to inflict a bruise

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Synonyms for bruise

Synonyms: Noun

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Examples of bruise in a Sentence

Noun He had a bad bruise on his leg after he fell. a bruise on an apple Verb She bruised her knee when she fell. I don't want to bruise anyone's feelings.
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Recent Examples on the Web: Noun The Bears very well could turn to running back Damien Williams, who suffered a thigh bruise Sunday but should be OK, according to NFL Network. Colleen Kane, chicagotribune.com, 5 Oct. 2021 Dalton started the first two games of the season but suffered a bone bruise in his left knee in Week 2 that kept him out of last week's 26-6 loss to the Cleveland Browns. Dave Birkett, Detroit Free Press, 29 Sep. 2021 Bears coach Matt Nagy announced Wednesday that Fields will start in place of veteran Andy Dalton, who suffered a bone bruise in the first half of last week’s 20-17 victory over the Bengals. cleveland, 22 Sep. 2021 Justin Fields is likely going to get his first shot at starting in Week 3 after Andy Dalton suffered a bone bruise in his knee, opening the door for the rookie signal-caller to take over this offense. Alex Kay, Forbes, 21 Sep. 2021 The man suffered a bruise to his forehead and was taken to the hospital by paramedics, according to the arrest warrant. NBC News, 3 Aug. 2021 The woman suffered a bruise on her face in the initial battery. Grace Toohey, orlandosentinel.com, 2 Aug. 2021 His handlebars and front tire were bent in different directions, but the pre-K student was left with only scratches and a bruise on his cheek. Washington Post, 29 Sep. 2021 Andy Dalton, who started the first two games, didn’t play due to a bone bruise in his knee. Tim Bielik, cleveland, 27 Sep. 2021 Recent Examples on the Web: Verb Batter and bruise and never blink against the Power 5 conference along the coast. San Diego Union-Tribune, 18 Sep. 2021 Same goes for other signs and symptoms of leukemia, like night sweats or a tendency to bruise easily. Barbara Brody, Health.com, 29 Sep. 2021 While many leukemia patients develop symptoms like extreme fatigue, random fevers, or start to bleed or bruise very easily, HCL usually causes different problems that are more reminiscent of lymphomas. Barbara Brody, Health.com, 10 Sep. 2021 Stemming from a midseason edict by coach Mike Zimmer in 2020, the Vikings' scouting staff moved from searching for the nimblest offensive linemen to find blockers who can bruise, too. Andrew Krammer, Star Tribune, 23 July 2021 Blenheim apricots, once widely cultivated in California, have a sublime, honeyed flavor and a delicate blush-mottled skin, but also bruise easily and ripen from the inside out, confusing consumers. New York Times, 20 July 2021 Many of the country's roughly 18,000 law enforcement agencies don't tally or make public the number of people who need medical care after officers break their arms, bruise their faces, or shock them with Tasers. NBC News, 23 June 2021 Using a mortar and pestle or the back of your chef's knife, press on the herbs (still on their stems) to bruise them, releasing some of their aromas and oils. Tim Carman, Arkansas Online, 26 May 2021 They were said to bruise easily, like strawberries. Dan Xin Huang, The New Republic, 24 May 2021

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'bruise.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of bruise

Noun

1533, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

Verb

before the 12th century, in the meaning defined at transitive sense 4b

History and Etymology for bruise

Noun

noun derivative of bruise entry 2

Verb

Middle English brusen, brisen, from Anglo-French & Old English; Anglo-French bruiser, briser to break, of Celtic origin; akin to Old Irish bruid he shatters; Old English brȳsan to bruise; akin to Old Irish bruid, Latin frustum piece

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Time Traveler for bruise

Time Traveler

The first known use of bruise was before the 12th century

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Dictionary Entries Near bruise

bruin

bruise

bruised

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Statistics for bruise

Last Updated

15 Oct 2021

Cite this Entry

“Bruise.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/bruise. Accessed 18 Oct. 2021.

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More Definitions for bruise

bruise

noun

English Language Learners Definition of bruise

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: a dark and painful area on your skin that is caused by an injury
: a dark area on a plant or piece of fruit that has been damaged

bruise

verb

English Language Learners Definition of bruise (Entry 2 of 2)

: to cause a bruise on (part of a person's body, a piece of fruit, etc.)
: to get a bruise
: to hurt (someone's confidence, feelings, etc.) through speech or actions

bruise

verb
\ ˈbrüz How to pronounce bruise (audio) \
bruised; bruising

Kids Definition of bruise

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: to injure the flesh (as by a blow) without breaking the skin

bruise

noun

Kids Definition of bruise (Entry 2 of 2)

: a black-and-blue spot on the body or a dark spot on fruit caused by an injury or damage

bruise

verb
\ ˈbrüz How to pronounce bruise (audio) \
bruised; bruising

Medical Definition of bruise

 (Entry 1 of 2)

transitive verb

1 : to inflict a bruise on : contuse
2 : wound, injure especially : to inflict psychological hurt on

intransitive verb

: to undergo bruising she bruises easily

bruise

noun

Medical Definition of bruise (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : an injury transmitted through unbroken skin to underlying tissue causing rupture of small blood vessels and escape of blood into the tissue with resulting discoloration : contusion
2 : an injury especially to the feelings

More from Merriam-Webster on bruise

Nglish: Translation of bruise for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of bruise for Arabic Speakers

Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about bruise

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