archaeology

noun
ar·​chae·​ol·​o·​gy | \ ˌär-kē-ˈä-lə-jē How to pronounce archaeology (audio) \
variants: or archeology

Definition of archaeology

1 : the scientific study of material remains (such as tools, pottery, jewelry, stone walls, and monuments) of past human life and activities
2 : remains of the culture of a people : antiquities the archaeology of the Incas

Other Words from archaeology

archaeological \ ˌär-​kē-​ə-​ˈlä-​ji-​kəl How to pronounce archaeology (audio) \ adjective
archaeologically \ ˌär-​kē-​ə-​ˈlä-​ji-​k(ə-​)lē How to pronounce archaeology (audio) \ adverb
archaeologist \ ˌär-​kē-​ˈä-​lə-​jist How to pronounce archaeology (audio) \ noun

Examples of archaeology in a Sentence

Recent Examples on the Web Her curriculum has included literature, anatomy, even archaeology, enlivened by outdoor excursions to search for fossils. David Crary, Star Tribune, 26 July 2021 Her curriculum has included literature, anatomy, even archaeology, enlivened by outdoor excursions to search for fossils. David Crary, ajc, 26 July 2021 Israel Finkelstein, a professor emeritus of archaeology at Tel Aviv University and an early critic of Professor Anati’s theory, said that most, if not all, of the datable sites around Mount Karkom are from the third millennium B.C. New York Times, 31 Dec. 2021 Join a volunteer naturalist to learn about the geology, history, archaeology, wildlife and plant life at Red Rock State Park. Shanti Lerner, The Arizona Republic, 28 Dec. 2021 Wang is a post-doctoral researcher in the department of archaeology at the Max Planck Institute. Katie Hunt, CNN, 23 Dec. 2021 There is endless detail in this book about each excavation, contextualized with discussion of the ethical dimensions and methodological advances in the expanding field of archaeology. Washington Post, 10 Dec. 2021 Anthropology, ethnohistory, archaeology, and the history of art and literature all needed to be brought into play. J.h. Elliott, The New York Review of Books, 17 Nov. 2021 Indiana Humanities had invited nonprofits to apply for the grants, which will support programs and activities focused on subjects that include history, literature, archaeology, ethics and comparative religion. chicagotribune.com, 25 Oct. 2021

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'archaeology.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

See More

First Known Use of archaeology

1837, in the meaning defined at sense 1

History and Etymology for archaeology

French archéologie, from Late Latin archaeologia antiquarian lore, from Greek archaiologia, from archaio- + -logia -logy

Learn More About archaeology

Time Traveler for archaeology

Time Traveler

The first known use of archaeology was in 1837

See more words from the same year

Dictionary Entries Near archaeology

archaeolatry

archaeology

archaeomagnetism

See More Nearby Entries 

Statistics for archaeology

Last Updated

18 Jan 2022

Cite this Entry

“Archaeology.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/archaeology. Accessed 24 Jan. 2022.

Style: MLA
MLACheck Mark Icon ChicagoCheck Mark Icon APACheck Mark Icon Merriam-WebsterCheck Mark Icon

More Definitions for archaeology

archaeology

noun

English Language Learners Definition of archaeology

: a science that deals with past human life and activities by studying the bones, tools, etc., of ancient people

archaeology

noun
ar·​chae·​ol·​o·​gy
variants: or archeology \ ˌär-​kē-​ˈä-​lə-​jē \

Kids Definition of archaeology

: a science that deals with past human life and activities as shown by objects (as pottery, tools, and statues) left by ancient peoples

More from Merriam-Webster on archaeology

Nglish: Translation of archaeology for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of archaeology for Arabic Speakers

Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about archaeology

WORD OF THE DAY

Test Your Vocabulary

Name that Thing: Flower Edition

True or False

Test your knowledge - and maybe learn something along the way.

TAKE THE QUIZ
Universal Daily Crossword

A daily challenge for crossword fanatics.

TAKE THE QUIZ
Love words? Need even more definitions?

Subscribe to America's largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free!