extrinsic applies to what is distinctly outside the thing in question or is not contained in or derived from its essential nature.
sentimental value that is extrinsic to the house's market value
extraneous applies to what is on or comes from the outside and may or may not be capable of becoming an essential part.
arguments extraneous to the issue
foreign applies to what is so different as to be rejected or repelled or to be incapable of becoming assimilated.
techniques foreign to French cuisine
alien is stronger than foreign in suggesting opposition, repugnance, or irreconcilability.
a practice totally alien to her nature
Examples of alien in a Sentence
they were careful to learn of any alien business customs before trying to expand overseas
it's completely alien to her nature to wish evil of anyone Nounaliens seeking asylum in the U.S.
He claims that he was captured by space aliens. Verb
such angry outbursts will rapidly alien any friends you might possibly have left
the couple plans to alien the adjoining house lot to their eldest son See More
Recent Examples on the Web
The tobacco shed saucers were neither alien, nor Russian.—John Kelly, Washington Post, 18 Nov. 2023 Not a single such document lends credence to the idea that a UFO or alien bodies were recovered in the New Mexico desert.—WIRED, 14 Nov. 2023 The music and the culture were utterly alien to her.—Geddy Lee, Rolling Stone, 14 Nov. 2023 For her, of seemingly limitless patience, no human drama was too insignificant, too tawdry, too wretched or alien.—Aatish Taseer, New York Times, 9 Nov. 2023 And yet, defiantly, these alien seas remain liquid.—Quanta Magazine, 2 Nov. 2023 The person would describe being taken into an alien spaceship, then dimly waking up, in a groggy half-consciousness, as they were being tinkered with in some ominous alien lab experiment.—Owen Gleiberman, Variety, 31 Oct. 2023 Like how there’s this big alien culture around the desert in the American Southwest.—Hazlitt, 26 Oct. 2023 And then there were two: the same dress in neon lemon-y chartreuse sparkled under the light like an alien fantasy creature.—Kristen Bateman, Vogue, 3 Nov. 2023
The aliens who controlled our brains didn’t care about style or image.—Heather Havrilesky, New York Times, 18 Nov. 2023 Early on, the government doesn’t really care whether UFOs are aliens.—Mark Athitakis, Los Angeles Times, 16 Nov. 2023 The actor transformed into an alien with reflective makeup and a blunt pink bob with bangs.—Gabi Thorne, Allure, 1 Nov. 2023 The film features main character Lilo teaching the blue alien Stitch about Elvis and the movie's soundtrack featured a number of songs by the rock and roll legend.—Tommy McArdle, Peoplemag, 25 Oct. 2023 His movies have tackled other Great Men of History (Moses, Columbus), as well as aliens, androids, con men, gangsters, goblins, soldiers, serial killers, and the Gucci family.—Michael Schulman, The New Yorker, 6 Nov. 2023 Black women have faced zombies, aliens, murderous psychopaths, and other terrifying horrors on the silver screen.—Essence, 31 Oct. 2023 As a sociologist, some of my work looks at beliefs in things like ghosts, aliens, pyramid power and superstitions.—Barry Markovsky, Discover Magazine, 29 Oct. 2023 Ron Howard will confront a three-mile-tall alien in Imagine TV’s latest foray.—Lesley Goldberg, The Hollywood Reporter, 27 Oct. 2023
The film follows a ragtag group of actors (played by Tim Allen, Sigourney Weaver, Alan Rickman, among other stars) from an ‘80s sci-fi series who aliens unexpectedly abduct during a convention appearance.—Matt Juul, BostonGlobe.com, 7 July 2023 In particular, artist Bryan Hitch's work with writer Mark Millar on The Ultimates made the Avengers cool and provided a useful blueprint for the eventual Marvel Cinematic Universe (from inventing the Chitauri aliens to drawing Nick Fury to look like Samuel L. Jackson).—Christian Holub, EW.com, 22 Feb. 2023 While on Earth, Thomas patents alien technology and gets very rich, with the intention of using it to build a vessel to bring water home.—Seth Abramovitch, The Hollywood Reporter, 16 Sep. 2022 But even that description fails to capture what Yagi is after: those parts of us, precious and possibly hostile, which flower in darkness, disintegrate when described, and can be compared only to alien life-forms.—Katy Waldman, The New Yorker, 8 Aug. 2022 Neanderthal to alien, and yet strangely well-suited for the modern era.—Nick Remsen, CNN, 30 Sep. 2021 These stars and related systems should be priority one for current and future efforts to seek out exoplanets that may bear not only life but perhaps even alien technological civilizations, some astronomers say.—Tess Joosse, Scientific American, 1 July 2021 Can alien smog lead us to extraterrestrial civilizations?—Whitson Gordon, Wired, 8 Apr. 2021 See More
These examples are programmatically compiled from various online sources to illustrate current usage of the word 'alien.' Any opinions expressed in the examples do not represent those of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback about these examples.
Middle English, "foreign," borrowed from Anglo-French, borrowed from Latin aliēnus "not one's own, of others, foreign, strange," derivative of alius "other" (perhaps going back to *aliai-nos, from an adverbialized locative derivative *aliai "elsewhere") — more at else
Middle English, "foreigner, outsider," borrowed from Anglo-French, borrowed from Latin aliēnus "slave belonging to another person, foreigner, stranger," noun derivative of aliēnus, adjective, "not one's own, foreign" — more at alien entry 1
Middle English alienen "to transfer or surrender property rights, exclude," borrowed from Anglo-French aliener (Middle French, "to estrange, deprive of reason"), borrowed from Latin alienāre "to transfer (goods, property), lose possession of, render hostile" — more at alienate