aggregate

1 of 3

adjective

ag·​gre·​gate ˈa-gri-gət How to pronounce aggregate (audio)
: formed by the collection of units or particles into a body, mass, or amount : collective: such as
a(1)
: clustered in a dense mass or head
an aggregate flower
(2)
: formed from several separate ovaries of a single flower
aggregate fruit
b
: composed of mineral crystals of one or more kinds or of mineral rock fragments
c
: taking all units as a whole
aggregate sales
aggregately adverb
aggregateness noun

aggregate

2 of 3

verb

ag·​gre·​gate ˈa-gri-ˌgāt How to pronounce aggregate (audio)
aggregated; aggregating

transitive verb

1
: to collect or gather into a mass or whole
The census data were aggregated by gender.
2
: to amount to (a whole sum or total) : total
audiences aggregating several million people

aggregate

3 of 3

noun

ag·​gre·​gate ˈa-gri-gət How to pronounce aggregate (audio)
1
: a mass or body of units or parts somewhat loosely associated with one another
Froth is an aggregate of tiny bubbles.
2
: the whole sum or amount : sum total
spent an aggregate of 10 million dollars in advertising during the past three years
3
a
: a rock composed of mineral crystals of one or more kinds or of mineral rock fragments : an aggregate rock
b
: any of several hard inert materials (such as sand, gravel, or slag) used for mixing with a cementing material to form concrete, mortar, or plaster
c
: a clustered mass of individual soil particles varied in shape, ranging in size from a microscopic granule to a small crumb, and considered the basic structural unit of soil
4
5
Phrases
in the aggregate
: considered as a whole : collectively
Dividends for the year amounted in the aggregate to 25 million dollars.

Did you know?

We added aggregate to our flock of Latin borrowings in the 15th century. It descends from aggregāre ("to cause to flock together" or "to join together"), a Latin verb made up of the prefix ad- (which means "to," and which usually changes to ag- before a g) and greg- or grex (meaning "flock, herd, or group"). Greg- also gave us congregate, gregarious, and segregate. Aggregate is commonly employed in the phrase "in the aggregate," which means "considered as a whole." Aggregate also has some specialized senses. For example, it is used to describe a mass of minerals formed into a rock, and materials like sand or gravel that are used to form concrete, mortar, or plaster.

Example Sentences

Adjective There were to be thirty-seven playgrounds, twenty schools. There were to be a hundred and thirty-three miles of street, paved with an inch and a half of No. 2 macadam on an aggregate base. Joan Didion, New Yorker, 26 July 1993 Their success at opening up new sources of supply, generating and servicing demand, and connecting new markets with the processing industries of the Amsterdam entrepôt seemed … to belie the axiom of an inelastic aggregate volume of world trade—a zero-sum competition. Simon Schama, The Embarrassment of Riches, 1988 The mulberry looks a bit like a raspberry. But the raspberry (along with the other brambles, members of the genus Rubus, such as the blackberry) is an aggregate fruit generated by a single, if complex, flower. Raymond Sokolov, Natural History, October 1986 With Keynes, standard theory conceded that disequilibria might intrude upon the economy as a whole, but it held that these could be remedied by judicious stabilization of aggregate demand—that is, combined government and consumer purchasing power. Robert Kuttner, Atlantic, February 1985 The university receives more than half its aggregate income from government sources. The team with the highest aggregate score wins. Verb The problem, in this case, is that the synergy creates incentives for segregation. Ethnic advertisers scour the TV schedule for shows and channels that "aggregate" viewers of the type the client wants to reach … Tamar Jacoby, New Republic, 24 Jan. 2000 "We are good at aggregating eyeballs and delivering services," says Barry Schuler, the president of AOL Interactive Services, "and the Time Warner deal is a natural extension of that." Barry Schuler, Fortune, 7 Feb. 2000 Pollsters, for the most part, know perfectly well what they are doing. One thing they are doing is aggregating and averaging ephemeral spasms of "mood" that may have commercial or political value. Christopher Hitchens, Harper's, April 1992 … covered only if each of the corporations involved has capital, surplus and undivided profits aggregating more than $10 million … Joe Sims et al., National Law Journal, 28 Jan. 1991 The website aggregates content from many other sites. over time, her petty thefts aggregated a significant shortfall in the company's books Noun In particular, a core of popular politically minded blogs known in the aggregate as the Blogosphere has been a beehive of furious activity. Or should I say a wasp's nest? Steven Levy, Newsweek, 4 Oct. 2004 It's true that our lives are the aggregate of a lot of little things, that's precisely why, at least once a year, we need to ride the wave of something bigger and bolder than our own little humdrum existence. Will Manley, Booklist, 1 Sept. 2002 Smallness of enterprises, as in the Japanese bicycle-manufacturing development, is an asset because smallness cuts down administrative and other overhead costs both in individual enterprises and in the aggregate, in comparison with the overhead costs of large operations. Jane Jacobs, Cities and the Wealth of Nations, (1984) 1985 numerous episodes of pilferage, taken in the aggregate, can really add up to a significant sum See More
Recent Examples on the Web
Adjective
Yet underneath those aggregate numbers, a nascent shift appears to be underway — one that highlights the growing divide in economic comfort between the rich and the poor. Jeanna Smialek Tony Luong, New York Times, 25 Nov. 2022 However, the looming cuts year after year due to the aggregate expenditure limit risk many of our public dollars being cut from schools. Sam Kmack, The Arizona Republic, 15 Oct. 2022 The 529 plan will continue to earn money, even after the 529 plan account balance reaches the aggregate contribution limit. Mark Kantrowitz, Forbes, 26 Dec. 2021 First off, the tech industry accounts for a small share of aggregate employment in the US. Nicole Goodkind, CNN, 18 Nov. 2022 Reviews are 84% fresh on aggregate site Rotten Tomatoes and, as is often the case with comic-book movies, audience scores are even higher. Lindsey Bahr, USA TODAY, 14 Nov. 2022 The acquisition of Daï Daï Films underscores the company’s strategy to ramp up its presence in the feature film landscape and aggregate talents, following the footsteps of French indie powerhouses such as Mediawan. Elsa Keslassy, Variety, 14 Nov. 2022 In markets where the aggregate consumer demand is inelastic, the total of the consumers’ and merchants’ surplus with and without cards are the same. Norbert Michel, Forbes, 17 May 2022 Within those groupings, organizations (whether small, midsize or large) are ranked by the aggregate score based on the employee feedback — the more positive the employee responses, the higher the score, the higher the rank. The Salt Lake Tribune, 30 Oct. 2022
Verb
Moral philosophers have argued that concern for others does not simply aggregate their harms. Kieran Setiya, The Atlantic, 1 Nov. 2022 The company has created a platform to aggregate donations for small businesses that are fighting back. Parija Kavilanz, CNN, 12 Apr. 2022 After the Clean Air Act was passed, aggregate air pollution dropped 70 percent. Heather Hansman, Outside Online, 22 Apr. 2020 Therefore, aggregate planning can be understood as the planning process that incorporates all aspects of organizational operations (internal and external elements) into the organization's overall operations. Tunde Ajala, Forbes, 10 Aug. 2022 That would include aggregate on-exchange and over-the-counter nickel positions, said the exchange, which is a unit of Hong Kong Exchanges & Clearing Ltd. Joe Wallace, WSJ, 15 Mar. 2022 Selvin Martin Ovando Gamez, 29, was working at Tiverton Materials, which supplies aggregate materials used in construction. Adam Sennott, BostonGlobe.com, 7 Oct. 2022 Setting aside exchange rate movements, aggregate global wealth grew by 12.7% in 2021, which is the fastest annual rate ever recorded. Tiffany Ap, Quartz, 20 Sep. 2022 Prediction markets use a wisdom of crowds approach to aggregate beliefs and predict future outcomes. Steven Phillips, STAT, 6 Sep. 2022
Noun
In aggregate, balances are nearing $1 trillion, not adjusted for inflation, for the first time ever. Rob Wile, NBC News, 1 Dec. 2022 James sharing anecdotes and details and jokes and stories and memories and music, and just all of that, is an aggregate of what's in there. Leah Greenblatt, EW.com, 5 Oct. 2022 According to Reelgood, its weekly streaming engagement is an aggregate of behavioral data on the Reelgood site and apps, including playback, tracking, and other interactions. Michael Schneider, Variety, 25 July 2022 Rinko Kikuchi’s character, Adelstein’s editor/boss, is an aggregate of Adelstein’s various superiors over the years. Josh St. Clair, Men's Health, 7 Apr. 2022 Data is an aggregate of lives distilled into cold figures, devoid of humanity, of narrative, of individuality. Lauren Sandler, Time, 28 May 2021 While that is in line with growth of Uber Technologies‘ more-global delivery business on a constant-currency basis, YipitData suggests that DoorDash is already well ahead of Uber in terms of its grocery and convenience businesses in aggregate. Laura Forman, WSJ, 19 Nov. 2022 There was no red wave, and voters in aggregate seemed more exhausted than energized by both parties’ extreme fringes. Marc Fisher, Anchorage Daily News, 17 Nov. 2022 Food prices are still rising sharply in aggregate, but perhaps these increases are slowing. Simon Moore, Forbes, 10 Nov. 2022 See More

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'aggregate.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

Word History

Etymology

Adjective

Middle English aggregat, borrowed from Latin aggregātus, past participle of aggregāre "to cause to flock together, join, include, lump together," from ad- ad- + -gregāre, verbal derivative of greg-, grex "flock, herd, group" — more at gregarious

Verb

Middle English aggregaten, borrowed from Latin aggregātus, past participle of aggregāre "to cause to flock together, join" — more at aggregate entry 1

Noun

Middle English aggregat, borrowed from Medieval Latin aggregātus, noun derivative of Latin aggregātus, past participle of aggregāre "to cause to flock together, join" — more at aggregate entry 1

First Known Use

Adjective

15th century, in the meaning defined above

Verb

15th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1

Noun

15th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1

Time Traveler
The first known use of aggregate was in the 15th century

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Dictionary Entries Near aggregate

Cite this Entry

“Aggregate.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/aggregate. Accessed 6 Dec. 2022.

Kids Definition

aggregate 1 of 3

adjective

ag·​gre·​gate ˈag-ri-gət How to pronounce aggregate (audio)
1
: formed by the collection of units or particles into one mass or sum
aggregate expenses
2
: clustered in a dense mass or head
an aggregate flower

aggregate

2 of 3

verb

ag·​gre·​gate ˈag-ri-ˌgāt How to pronounce aggregate (audio)
aggregated; aggregating
1
: to collect or gather into a mass or whole
2
: to amount to as a whole : total

aggregate

3 of 3

noun

ag·​gre·​gate ˈag-ri-gət How to pronounce aggregate (audio)
1
: a collection or sum of units or parts
2
a
: a hard material (as sand or gravel) used especially in making concrete
b
: a clustered mass of individual soil particles considered the basic structural unit of soil

Medical Definition

aggregate 1 of 3

adjective

ag·​gre·​gate ˈag-ri-gət How to pronounce aggregate (audio)
: formed by the collection of units or particles into a body, mass, or amount
aggregation noun
It is now known that these calcifications represent focal aggregations of calcium hydroxyapatite … Medical Radiography & Photography

aggregate

2 of 3

transitive verb

ag·​gre·​gate -ˌgāt How to pronounce aggregate (audio)
aggregated; aggregating
: to collect or gather into a mass or whole
aggregated human albumin

aggregate

3 of 3

noun

ag·​gre·​gate -gət How to pronounce aggregate (audio)
: a mass or body of units or parts somewhat loosely associated with one another

Legal Definition

aggregate 1 of 3

adjective

ag·​gre·​gate ˈa-grə-gət How to pronounce aggregate (audio)
: taken as a total
aggregate liability

aggregate

2 of 3

verb

ag·​gre·​gate ˈa-grə-ˌgāt How to pronounce aggregate (audio)
aggregated; aggregating

transitive verb

1
: to combine or gather into a whole
class members may aggregate their individual claims
compare join
2
: to amount to
an award aggregating $100,000

intransitive verb

: to form an aggregate
they may not aggregate if their claims are regarded as “separate and distinct” J. M. Landers et al.

aggregate

3 of 3

noun

ag·​gre·​gate ˈa-grə-gət How to pronounce aggregate (audio)
1
: total amount
may sue in federal court if the aggregate of the claims exceeds $75,000
2
: a whole made up of individual units
the aggregate of operative facts

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