adjunct

noun
ad·​junct | \ ˈa-ˌjəŋ(k)t How to pronounce adjunct (audio) \

Definition of adjunct

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : something joined or added to another thing but not essentially a part of it The website is designed as an adjunct to the book.
2 grammar
a : a word or word group that qualifies or completes the meaning of another word or other words and is not itself a main structural element in its sentence
b : an adverb or adverbial phrase (such as heartily in "They ate heartily" or at noon in "We left at noon") attached to the verb of a clause especially to express a relation of time, place, frequency, degree, or manner — compare disjunct sense 2
3a : an associate or assistant of another
b : an adjunct faculty member at a college or university (see adjunct entry 2 sense 2)

adjunct

adjective

Definition of adjunct (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : added or joined as an accompanying object or circumstance
2 : attached in a subordinate or temporary capacity to a staff an adjunct professor

Other Words from adjunct

Noun

adjunctive \ a-​ˈjəŋ(k)-​tiv How to pronounce adjunct (audio) , ə-​ \ adjective

Adjective

adjunctly \ ˈa-​ˌjəŋ(k)-​tlē How to pronounce adjunct (audio) , -​ˌjəŋk-​lē \ adverb

Breaking Down Adjunct

With its prefix, ad-, meaning "to or toward", adjunct implies that one thing is "joined to" another. A car wash may be operated as an adjunct to a gas station. An adjunct professor is one who's attached to the college without being a full member of the salaried faculty. And anyone trying to expand his or her vocabulary will find that daily reading of a newspaper is a worthwhile adjunct to actual vocabulary study.

Examples of adjunct in a Sentence

Noun Because Joseph Ellis has been an outspoken critic of social and women's history, he appears a peculiar choice to write the foreword, despite his many publications on the Revolutionary era. Unsurprisingly, perhaps, he treats Abigail here more as her husband's adjunct and supporter than as her own woman. — Anthony Lewis, New York Times Book Review, 4 Nov. 2007 As an adjunct to its basic educational role, the public library will increasingly serve as an access point to the resources of other libraries as well as to nonlibrary sources of publicly available information. — Fred Lerner, The Story of Libraries, (1945) 1998 In A.D. 400 western Europe was merely a geographic expression. Roman civilization was centered on the Mediterranean, and France, England, and the Rhine valley were mere adjuncts of the Mediterranean world. — Norman F. Cantor, The Civilization of the Middle Ages, 1993 Massage therapy can be used as an adjunct along with the medication. In “They ate heartily,” the word heartily is an adjunct and in “We left at noon,” the phrase at noon is an adjunct. Adjective But it's Sainte-Marie's less-well-known life as a computer geek—and an adjunct professor of digital art, Native American studies, and philosophy at several universities—that brings her to midtown Manhattan today. — Ophira Edut, Ms., August/September 1999 There is a terrible shortage of jobs in the universities, where, increasingly, men and women with Ph.D.s hang on to various forms of underpaid adjunct posts. Believe me, it happens at Harvard, too. — Martin Peretz, New Republic, 5 July 1999 Using his chauffeur-driven car as an adjunct office, the designer shuttles among the design ateliers of his three major collections: the one that bears his name; Chanel, and, after a seven-year hiatus, Chloé. — Carrie Donovan, New York Times Magazine, 11 Oct. 1992 massage therapy as an adjunct treatment
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Recent Examples on the Web: Noun There’s no scientific literature to back this up, other than some discussions of walking as an adjunct to a beginner running program or for injury rehab, such as Walsh’s work with ACLs. Richard A. Lovett, Outside Online, 6 Mar. 2020 Professor Christopher Eccles wants to keep Tessa close to him, toiling as an adjunct. Washington Post, 31 Dec. 2021 Dorothy lives in Brooklyn with her blandly sensible boyfriend, Rog—neither of them has a last name—and teaches four courses a term as an English department adjunct. Michael Gorra, The New York Review of Books, 27 May 2021 An exam is an adjunct to clinical decision-making, not a substitute for it. Jonathan Bush, STAT, 10 Dec. 2021 Dorothy lives in Brooklyn with her blandly sensible boyfriend, Rog—neither of them has a last name—and teaches four courses a term as an English department adjunct. Michael Gorra, The New York Review of Books, 27 May 2021 Anika Prather is a lecturer in the English department at Howard University, an adjunct at Messiah University, and the founder of Living Water School. Anika Prather, National Review, 22 Sep. 2021 Modernism Week began in 2006 as an adjunct to the Palm Springs Modernism Show And Sale and the Palm Springs Art Museum Architecture And Design Council Symposium. Amanda Lauren, Forbes, 31 Oct. 2021 Dorothy lives in Brooklyn with her blandly sensible boyfriend, Rog—neither of them has a last name—and teaches four courses a term as an English department adjunct. Michael Gorra, The New York Review of Books, 27 May 2021 Recent Examples on the Web: Adjective Simpson sat on a number of corporate boards and for a time was an adjunct professor of finance at Northwestern’s Kellogg School of Management. Bob Goldsborough, chicagotribune.com, 10 Jan. 2022 The Great Resignation Brian Wrozek, is the chief information security officer at Optiv Security and an adjunct professor at The University of Dallas. Edward Segal, Forbes, 5 Jan. 2022 Now an associate adjunct professor at the Alzheimer’s Disease Center at UC Davis Health, Meyer, 45, is leading an investigation into the link between trauma and dementia in the Vietnamese community. Grace Galletti, oregonlive, 26 Dec. 2021 The following individuals will be panelists: • Corey DeAngelis, director of school choice at Reason Foundation, the executive director at Educational Freedom Institute and an adjunct scholar at Cato Institute. Cynthia Howell, Arkansas Online, 28 Jan. 2021 Howard Husock is executive senior fellow at the Philanthropy Roundtable and an adjunct scholar at the American Enterprise Institute. Howard Husock, Washington Examiner, 10 Dec. 2020 David Kopel, a gun rights advocate and adjunct scholar at the Cato Institute, a libertarian think tank, dismissed such concerns. Hollie Mckay, Fox News, 14 Nov. 2020 Maue worked as an adjunct scholar at the Cato Institute for years until the think tank abruptly shut down its climate policy shop last year. Scott Waldman, Science | AAAS, 22 Sep. 2020 Hoerster is also adjunct associate professor in the Department of Health Systems and Population Health at The University of Washington School of Public Health. Rebecca Hendrickson, STAT, 20 Dec. 2021

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'adjunct.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of adjunct

Noun

1554, in the meaning defined at sense 3a

Adjective

1516, in the meaning defined at sense 2

History and Etymology for adjunct

Noun

borrowed from Latin adjunctum "concomitant factor," from neuter of adjunctus adjunct entry 2

Adjective

borrowed from Latin adjunctus, past participle of adjungere "to link up, join, add, attach" — more at adjoin

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Time Traveler for adjunct

Time Traveler

The first known use of adjunct was in 1516

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Dictionary Entries Near adjunct

adjugate

adjunct

adjunct accusative

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Statistics for adjunct

Last Updated

24 Jan 2022

Cite this Entry

“Adjunct.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/adjunct. Accessed 24 Jan. 2022.

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More Definitions for adjunct

adjunct

noun

English Language Learners Definition of adjunct

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: something that is joined or added to another thing but is not an essential part of it
: a word or phrase (such as an adverb or prepositional phrase) that provides added information about the meaning of a verb in a sentence by expressing a relation of time, place, manner, etc.

adjunct

adjective

English Language Learners Definition of adjunct (Entry 2 of 2)

: added or joined in order to be used with something
: added to a teaching staff for only a short time or in a lower position than other staff

adjunct

noun
ad·​junct | \ ˈaj-ˌəŋ(k)t How to pronounce adjunct (audio) \

Medical Definition of adjunct

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : a person associated with or assisting another in some duty or service
2 : adjuvant sense b drugs used as short-term adjuncts in weight-loss programs

adjunct

adjective

Medical Definition of adjunct (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : added or joined as an accompanying object or circumstance
2 : attached in a subordinate or temporary capacity to a staff an adjunct psychiatrist

More from Merriam-Webster on adjunct

Nglish: Translation of adjunct for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of adjunct for Arabic Speakers

Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about adjunct

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