acquired

adjective

ac·​quired ə-ˈkwī(-ə)rd How to pronounce acquired (audio)
1
: gained by or as a result of effort or experience
acquired wealth
acquired knowledge
2
: attained as a new or added characteristic, trait, or ability
an acquired taste
It has been theorized that the acquired tolerance to peppers' heat reported by those who enjoy repeated meals of blistering hot peppers is caused by the killing of pain receptors in the mouth.The Columbia (Missouri) Daily Tribune
: such as
a
: being or relating to a physical or behavioral characteristic or trait arising in response to the action of the environment on an organism
This is clearly a claim on behalf of the Lamarckian idea that members of a species can inherit behavioral characteristics developed by their ancestors, that is, that acquired traits can be biologically transmitted.David McNally
b
of a disease or medical condition : developed after birth : not congenital or hereditary
Rheumatic fever is currently uncommon in most developed countries, but it remains the leading cause of acquired heart disease among children in many resource-poor areas …Michael R. Wessels

Word History

First Known Use

15th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1

Time Traveler
The first known use of acquired was in the 15th century

Dictionary Entries Near acquired

Cite this Entry

“Acquired.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/acquired. Accessed 2 Feb. 2023.

Kids Definition

acquired

adjective
1
: gained by or as a result of effort or experience
2
: caused by environmental forces and not passed from parent to offspring in the genes
acquired characteristics

Medical Definition

acquired

adjective
ac·​quired
1
of a disease or medical condition : developed or originating after birth : not congenital or hereditary
Hyperoxaluria may be due to overproduction from hereditary disorders of metabolism or it may be an acquired disorder caused by intestinal disease or diet.The Journal of the American Medical Association
compare congenital sense 2, familial, genetic sense 2, hereditary
2
: being or relating to a physical or behavioral characteristic or trait arising in response to the action of the environment on an organism
This is clearly a claim on behalf of the Lamarckian idea that members of a species can inherit behavioral characteristics developed by their ancestors, that is, that acquired traits can be biologically transmitted.David McNally, Bodies of Meaning
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