abrasion

noun

abra·​sion ə-ˈbrā-zhən How to pronounce abrasion (audio)
1
a
: a wearing, grinding, or rubbing away by friction
2
: an abraded area of the skin or mucous membrane

Example Sentences

abrasion of rocks by wind and water walked away from the auto accident with only minor abrasions
Recent Examples on the Web Photographs in the police report show a large abrasion on her right leg and swelling on her left leg. Matthew Griffin, Dallas News, 12 Aug. 2022 These attachable ice cleats are made of abrasion-resistant, 1.2-millimeter steel coils that affix to the bottom and front toe of shoes, providing 360 degrees of traction on hard, slippery surfaces for stability in all directions. Karthika Gupta, Travel + Leisure, 23 Jan. 2023 Beyond that, its polyester fabric was abrasion-resistant in our tests. Karen Cicero, Good Housekeeping, 19 Dec. 2022 Built with supple nubuck leather, ultra-durable nylon, and waterproof Gore-Tex liners, these boots are abrasion-resistant and keep feet protected in both cold and wet environments. Emily Pennington, Condé Nast Traveler, 27 July 2022 This rugged Carhartt backpack is made of heavy-duty polyester, treated to be water-repellant and to hold up to abrasion. Kevin Cortez, Popular Mechanics, 9 Dec. 2022 Photographs show bruising and abrasions on Osorio’s face, abrasions on her arm, bruising on her chest and a large abrasion near her knee. Hayley Smith, Los Angeles Times, 13 Apr. 2022 Alarcón’s) wrist causing a light red abrasion to the wrist. oregonlive, 15 Mar. 2022 The pickup’s open door struck the deputy and knocked him to the ground, causing a minor abrasion to the nose and some pain to the shoulder, the sergeant said. Phil Diehl, San Diego Union-Tribune, 21 Feb. 2022 See More

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'abrasion.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

Word History

Etymology

borrowed from Medieval Latin abrāsiōn-, abrāsiō, from Latin abrādere "to scrape off" + -tiōn-, -tiō, suffix of action nouns — more at abrade

First Known Use

circa 1550, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

Time Traveler
The first known use of abrasion was circa 1550

Dictionary Entries Near abrasion

Cite this Entry

“Abrasion.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/abrasion. Accessed 8 Feb. 2023.

Kids Definition

abrasion

noun
abra·​sion ə-ˈbrā-zhən How to pronounce abrasion (audio)
1
: a rubbing, grinding, or wearing away by friction
2
: a place where the surface has been rubbed or scraped off
an abrasion on her knee

Medical Definition

abrasion

noun
abra·​sion ə-ˈbrā-zhən How to pronounce abrasion (audio)
1
: wearing, grinding, or rubbing away by friction
2
a
: the rubbing or scraping of the surface layer of cells or tissue from an area of the skin or mucous membrane
also : a place so abraded
b
: the mechanical wearing away of the tooth surfaces by chewing

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