abra·​sion | \ ə-ˈbrā-zhən How to pronounce abrasion (audio) \

Definition of abrasion

1a : a wearing, grinding, or rubbing away by friction
2 : an abraded area of the skin or mucous membrane

Synonyms for abrasion


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Examples of abrasion in a Sentence

abrasion of rocks by wind and water walked away from the auto accident with only minor abrasions
Recent Examples on the Web The structured bag is made with an abrasion-resistant and water-repellent 700D nylon to keep your belongings safe. Christina Liao, Forbes, 1 Nov. 2021 The abrasion was spectacularly successful, according to Farley, so the scientists decided to go ahead with grabbing a sample. Ramin Skibba, Wired, 2 Sep. 2021 The boy also had a tongue abrasion and bruising on his upper lip. Meredith Colias-pete, chicagotribune.com, 1 Dec. 2021 High-impact areas, such as shoulders and armpits, are exposed to more abrasion, and these areas tend to lose their waterproof coating sooner than others. Matt Jancer, Wired, 18 Nov. 2021 The man had a small abrasion on his wrist, but declined medical attention. cleveland, 30 Oct. 2021 Track boots can be found in myriad fluorescent colors complete with abrasion sliders and cam lock buckles — great for the track but uncomfortable for extended walking. Joe Michaud, San Diego Union-Tribune, 8 Oct. 2021 Made from breathable mesh, this will resist abrasion and also provide you with solid airflow. Chris Hachey, BGR, 18 Aug. 2021 The Sapphire Crystal Micro-Abrasion combines micro-abrasion with photo-stimulation and promises a new radiance and a smooth skin. Cécilia Pelloux, Forbes, 4 Nov. 2021

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'abrasion.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of abrasion

circa 1550, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

History and Etymology for abrasion

borrowed from Medieval Latin abrāsiōn-, abrāsiō, from Latin abrādere "to scrape off" + -tiōn-, -tiō, suffix of action nouns — more at abrade

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The first known use of abrasion was circa 1550

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abrasion platform

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Last Updated

3 Jan 2022

Cite this Entry

“Abrasion.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/abrasion. Accessed 21 Jan. 2022.

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More Definitions for abrasion



English Language Learners Definition of abrasion

: an injury caused by something that rubs or scrapes against the skin
: the act or process of damaging or wearing away something by rubbing, grinding, or scraping


abra·​sion | \ ə-ˈbrā-zhən How to pronounce abrasion (audio) \

Medical Definition of abrasion

1 : wearing, grinding, or rubbing away by friction
2a : the rubbing or scraping of the surface layer of cells or tissue from an area of the skin or mucous membrane also : a place so abraded
b : the mechanical wearing away of the tooth surfaces by chewing

More from Merriam-Webster on abrasion

Nglish: Translation of abrasion for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of abrasion for Arabic Speakers

Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about abrasion


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