abate

verb
\ ə-ˈbāt How to pronounce abate (audio) \
abated; abating

Essential Meaning of abate

: to become weaker : to decrease in strength We waited for the wind/storm to abate. The excitement has abated.

Full Definition of abate

intransitive verb

1 : to decrease in force or intensity waiting for the storm to abate
2a : to become defeated or become null or void (as of a writ or appeal)
b : to decrease in amount or value The legacies abated proportionately.

transitive verb

1a : to put an end to abate a nuisance
b : nullify sense 1 abate a writ
2a : to reduce in degree or intensity : moderate may abate their rancor to win peace
b : to reduce in value or amount : to make less especially by way of relief abate a tax
3 : deduct, omit abate part of the price
4a : to beat down or cut away so as to leave a figure in relief
b obsolete : blunt

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Other Words from abate

abater noun

Choose the Right Synonym for abate

abate, subside, wane, ebb mean to die down in force or intensity. abate stresses the idea of progressive diminishing. the storm abated subside implies the ceasing of turbulence or agitation. the protests subsided after a few days wane suggests the fading or weakening of something good or impressive. waning enthusiasm ebb suggests the receding of something (such as the tide) that commonly comes and goes. the ebbing of daylight

synonyms see in addition decrease

Examples of abate in a Sentence

For a while, in the Cold War's aftermath, the public fascination for espionage may abate, though somehow I doubt it. — John le Carré, Boston Globe, 19 Nov. 1989 At about six, as the heat abated, people began to crowd the streets and marketplaces, and to fill the cafés. — Milton Viorst, New Yorker, 12 Oct. 1987 But his attitude of sullen grievance and simmering fury never abated fully. — Joseph Heller, God Knows, 1984 We waited for the wind to abate. interest in the author's home abated as her novels waned in popularity
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Recent Examples on the Web And for most of the two years that followed, that uncertainty would not abate. Ryan Kartje, Los Angeles Times, 8 Oct. 2021 Looking ahead, hiring constraints should ebb as virus fears abate and schools reopen for in-person learning. Fortune, 8 Sep. 2021 As the backlog of permits is worked through, these challenges should abate. David Trainer, Forbes, 1 Sep. 2021 That is likely to be led by consumers eager to travel, shop, dine out and otherwise resume their spending habits as COVID-19 cases abate and vaccinations rise. CBS News, 29 Apr. 2021 Many school boards in the state of Alabama hope to just require masks for a few days or weeks, in hopes that a statewide surge in COVID-19 cases will abate. Mark Heim | Mheim@al.com, al, 11 Aug. 2021 Intel's manufacturing delays also come at a time of a global shortage of semiconductors, which Gelsinger recently said won't abate until 2023. Jonathan Vanian, Fortune, 30 June 2021 Others feel obsessive or compulsive about mask wearing and distance, and are concerned that obsession will not simply abate because of the CDC announcement. John Duffy, CNN, 16 May 2021 Red-flag conditions were expected to abate Thursday, according to incident meteorologist Jim Dudley. Arkansas Online, 3 Sep. 2021

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'abate.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of abate

14th century, in the meaning defined at transitive sense 1

History and Etymology for abate

Middle English abaten, borrowed from Anglo-French abatre "to strike down, fell, reduce, put an end to," from a-, prefix in transitive verbs (going back to Latin ad- ad-) + batre "to beat," going back to Latin battuere, of uncertain origin

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Time Traveler for abate

Time Traveler

The first known use of abate was in the 14th century

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Dictionary Entries Near abate

abastardize

abate

abatement

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Statistics for abate

Last Updated

11 Oct 2021

Cite this Entry

“Abate.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/abate. Accessed 20 Oct. 2021.

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More Definitions for abate

abate

verb
\ ə-ˈbāt How to pronounce abate (audio) \
abated; abating

Kids Definition of abate

: to make or become less The flood abated slowly.

Other Words from abate

abatement \ -​mənt \ noun The noise continued without abatement.

abate

verb
\ ə-ˈbāt How to pronounce abate (audio) \
abated; abating

Legal Definition of abate

transitive verb

1a : to put an end to or do away with abate a nuisance
b : to make void : nullify abate an action
2 : to reduce in amount especially proportionately abate a tax

intransitive verb

1 : to become defeated or become null or void when a public officer who is a party to an appeal…in an official capacity dies…the action does not abateFederal Rules of Appellate Procedure Rule 43
2 : to decrease in amount or value the legacies abated proportionately

Note: A problem arises in estate law when the amount of the bequests and devises made in a will exceeds the assets available in the estate. In such a case, some or all of the bequests and devises may have to be abated to make up the deficit. Under the Uniform Probate Code, property in the estate that is not given under the will abates first, residuary devises abate second, general devises abate third, and specific devises abate last.

History and Etymology for abate

Old French abattre, literally, to knock down, from a-, prefix stressing result + battre to beat

More from Merriam-Webster on abate

Nglish: Translation of abate for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of abate for Arabic Speakers

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