Spartan

noun
Spar·​tan | \ ˈspär-tᵊn How to pronounce Spartan (audio) \

Definition of Spartan

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : a native or inhabitant of ancient Sparta
2 : a person of great courage and self-discipline

Spartan

adjective

Definition of Spartan (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : of or relating to Sparta in ancient Greece
2a often not capitalized : marked by strict self-discipline or self-denial a Spartan athlete
b often not capitalized : marked by simplicity, frugality, or avoidance of luxury and comfort a Spartan room
c : laconic
d : undaunted by pain or danger

Keep scrolling for more

Other Words from Spartan

Noun

Spartanism \ ˈspär-​tᵊn-​ˌi-​zəm How to pronounce Spartan (audio) \ noun

Adjective

Spartanly adverb

Did you know?

Adjective

In ancient times, the Greek city-state of Sparta had a reputation for the severe and highly disciplined way of life it enforced among its citizens, so as to keep them ready for war at any time. Physical training was required for both men and women. A boy would begin his military training at 7 and would live in army barracks for much of his life, even after he was married. Today, when a cargo ship or a remote beach resort offers "spartan accommodations", some tourists jump at the chance for a refreshing change from the luxuries they've been used to—and no one worries that they'll be forced out of bed at dawn to participate in war games.

First Known Use of Spartan

Noun

15th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1

Adjective

1561, in the meaning defined at sense 1

Keep scrolling for more

Learn More About Spartan

Time Traveler for Spartan

Time Traveler

The first known use of Spartan was in the 15th century

See more words from the same century

Dictionary Entries Near Spartan

Spartacus

Spartan

Spartanburg

See More Nearby Entries 

Statistics for Spartan

Cite this Entry

“Spartan.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/Spartan. Accessed 20 Oct. 2021.

Style: MLA
MLACheck Mark Icon ChicagoCheck Mark Icon APACheck Mark Icon Merriam-WebsterCheck Mark Icon
Seen & Heard
People are talking about

More from Merriam-Webster on Spartan

Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for Spartan

WORD OF THE DAY

Test Your Vocabulary

Dog Words Quiz

  • shiba puppy more or less demanding cuddles
  • Which of the following animals has a dog in its etymology?
True or False

Test your knowledge - and maybe learn something along the way.

TAKE THE QUIZ
Love words? Need even more definitions?

Subscribe to America's largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free!