up

1 of 6

adverb

1
a(1)
: in or into a higher position or level
especially : away from the center of the earth
(2)
: from beneath the ground or water to the surface
(3)
: from below the horizon
(5)
: in or into an upright position
sit up
especially : out of bed
b
: upward from the ground or surface
pull up a daisy
c
: so as to expose a particular surface
2
: with greater intensity
speak up
3
a
: in or into a better or more advanced state
b
: at an end
your time is up
c
: in or into a state of greater intensity or excitement
d
: to or at a greater speed, rate, or amount
prices went up
e
: in a continual sequence : in continuance from a point or to a point
from third grade up
at prices of $10 and up
up until now
4
a(1)
: into existence, evidence, prominence, or prevalence
(2)
: into operation or practical form
b
: into consideration or attention
bring up for discussion
5
: into possession or custody
6
a
: entirely, completely
button up your coat
b
used as an intensifier
clean up the house
7
: in or into storage : by
lay up supplies
8
a
: so as to arrive or approach
b
: in a direction conventionally the opposite of down:
(1)
: to windward
(2)
(3)
: to or at the top
(4)
: to or at the rear of a theatrical stage
9
: in or into parts
10
: to a stop
usually used with draw, bring, fetch, or pull
11
: for each side
the score is 15 up

up

2 of 6

adjective

1
a
: risen above the horizon
the sun is up
b
c
: being out of bed
d
: relatively high
the river is up
was well up in her class
e
: being in a raised position : lifted
windows are up
f
: being in a state of completion : constructed, built
g
: having the face upward
h
: mounted on a horse
a new jockey up
i
: grown above a surface
the corn is up
j(1)
: moving, inclining, or directed upward
the up escalator
(2)
: bound in a direction regarded as up
2
a(1)
: marked by agitation, excitement, or activity
(2)
: positive or upbeat in mood or demeanor
b
: being above a former or normal level (as of quantity or intensity)
attendance is up
the wind is up
c
: exerting enough power (as for operation)
sail when steam is up
d
: ready
specifically : highly prepared
e
: going on : taking place
find out what is up
3
a
: risen from a lower position
men up from the ranks
b
: being at the same level or point
did not feel up to par
c(1)
: well informed : abreast
up on the news
(2)
: being on schedule
up on his homework
d
: being ahead of one's opponent
4
a
: presented for or undergoing consideration
contract up for negotiation
also : charged before a court
up for robbery
b
: being the one whose turn it is
you're up next

up

3 of 6

preposition

1
a
used as a function word to indicate motion to or toward or situation at a higher point of
went up the stairs
b
: up into or in the
was hid away up garret Mark Twain
2
a
: in a direction regarded as being toward or near the upper end or part of
lives a few miles up the coast
walked up the street
b
: toward or near a point closer to the source or beginning of
sail up the river
3
: in the direction opposite to
sailed up the wind

up

4 of 6

noun

1
: one in a high or advantageous position
2
: an upward slope
3
: a period or state of prosperity or success
4
5
: a fundamental quark that has an electric charge of +2/3 and that is one of the constituents of a nucleon

up

5 of 6

verb

upped ˈəpt How to pronounce up (audio) or in intransitive verb sense 2 up; upped; upping; ups or in intransitive verb sense 2 up

intransitive verb

1
a
: to rise from a lying or sitting position
b
: to move upward : ascend
2
used with and and another verb to indicate that the action of the following verb was either surprisingly or abruptly initiated
he up and quit his job

transitive verb

1
: raise, lift
2
a
: to advance to a higher level:
(1)

UP

6 of 6

abbreviation

Upper Peninsula (of Michigan)
Phrases
up against
: confronted with : face-to-face with
the problem we are up against
up to
1
: capable of performing or dealing with
feels up to the task
2
: engaged in
what is he up to
3
: being the responsibility of
it's up to me

Example Sentences

Adverb The land rises up from the valley. She stood beneath the window and called up to her friend. Please pick your clothes up off the floor. We watched the sun come up. He held up his hand. We stored the boxes up in the attic. She stuck a notice up on the wall. What's going on up there? He looked up at the stars. The cards were on the table facing up. Adjective The candy is up on the top shelf. The window is already up. Your package is up at the front desk. We were up near the stage. Are the kids up yet? We are up every morning at six. I was up all night studying for the test. Gas prices are up again. Preposition He climbed up the ladder. She had to walk her bike up the hill. The bathroom is up the stairs. Go up the street and turn left. We walked up the street to meet them. They live just up the block from us. I paddled the canoe up the river. The ship sailed up the coast. Her office is all the way up the hall on the right. He paced up and down the hall, waiting for news about his wife's operation. Verb climbing fuel prices have forced the delivery company to up its prices the road constantly ups and downs as it makes its way over the hills See More
Recent Examples on the Web
Adverb
Sales at physical stores rose 12%, while online sales were up 14%. Haleluya Hadero, Chicago Tribune, 28 Nov. 2022 Adobe previously reported that US shoppers spent a record $5.29 billion on Thanksgiving Day, up 2.9% from a year ago. Jordan Valinsky, CNN, 28 Nov. 2022 The entire broadcast — which featured No. 2 OSU vs. No. 3 Michigan, both with 11-0 records and playing for the Big Ten East championship and certain playoff inclusion — was up 3% over Fox’s viewership last season. Nathan Baird, cleveland, 28 Nov. 2022 Year-over-year restaurant prices were up 8.6% in October, the federal agency said. Heather Haddon, WSJ, 27 Nov. 2022 Adobe expects that online buying on Black Friday will hit $9 billion, up just 1% from a year ago. Anne D'innocenzio, USA TODAY, 27 Nov. 2022 Adobe expects that online buying on Black Friday will hit $9 billion, up just 1% from a year ago. Arkansas Online, 26 Nov. 2022 Adobe estimates online shoppers will spend $34.8 billion during the five-day stretch from Thanksgiving Day through Cyber Monday, up 2.8% from a year ago. Detroit Free Press, 26 Nov. 2022 Los Angeles County is averaging 2,337 coronavirus cases a day for the week that ended Friday, up 32% from the previous week. Los Angeles Times, 26 Nov. 2022
Adjective
The defense, however, supplied the crushing blows, stymieing the potent, up-tempo Red Devils, who were limited to a mere second-quarter 26-yard field goal. Richard Torres, The Indianapolis Star, 19 Nov. 2022 With the recent decision to go to a full huddle before most plays as opposed to Kingsbury’s previous up-tempo, no-huddle approach, the process hasn’t improved. Bob Mcmanaman, The Arizona Republic, 1 Nov. 2022 Simas Lukosius entered the starting lineup and had an up-and-down performance. Akeem Glaspie, The Indianapolis Star, 2 Nov. 2022 And, of course, there’s an up-and-down quickshifter for clutch-less, full-throttle gear changes. Peter Jackson, Robb Report, 1 Nov. 2022 The two had an up-and-down relationship that was anchored by strong familial love, but also widely known to be marked by professional stress and disagreement. Mary Colurso | Mcolurso@al.com, al, 24 Oct. 2022 Suggs had an up-and-down rookie season in part because of injuries that limited him to 48 games. Khobi Price, Orlando Sentinel, 22 Oct. 2022 Second-year player Jared Butler had an up-and-down rookie year and a dismal summer league, but has looked improved in training camp to some degree. Andy Larsen, The Salt Lake Tribune, 16 Oct. 2022 The up-and-down nature of the NFL is always a fascinating thing, especially when there are two teams in the same city. Adam Burke, Los Angeles Times, 7 Oct. 2022
Preposition
While a few neighbors benefited financially from Kiefer buying up adjacent tracts—sometimes at many times the asking price—others resented his acquisitiveness and secrecy. Jay Cheshes, Smithsonian Magazine, 8 Dec. 2022 Theft, Tanglewood Lane: On Nov. 2, Tanglewood Lane resident came home to find things not right after her cleaning crew finished up. John Benson, cleveland, 30 Nov. 2022 Sometimes someone might come in and edit it and fix it up. CBS News, 30 Nov. 2022 The Fed typically seeks to slow price increases by weakening the economy and pushing up unemployment, which reduces spending and often brings down inflation. Christopher Rugaber, Chicago Tribune, 30 Nov. 2022 Here’s a look at three notable contenders among some 144 films up for shortlist consideration Dec. 21. Steve Dollar, Los Angeles Times, 30 Nov. 2022 And that was before the sport leveled up with an electric vehicle fleet. Joan Meiners, The Arizona Republic, 30 Nov. 2022 Sign up for PEOPLE's Shopping newsletter to stay up to date on the latest sales, plus celebrity fashion, home decor and more. Amy Schulman, Peoplemag, 30 Nov. 2022 Analysts said the new regulation was a sign that authorities were stepping up their crackdown on dissent. Laura He, CNN, 30 Nov. 2022
Verb
The patch, which typically has a higher dose of estrogen than the Pill, can up your risk of blood clots, heart attack, stroke, and high blood pressure, says Dr. Bryant. Emily Shiffer, Glamour, 1 Oct. 2022 During its celebrated run, the production would up its security and double down on enforcing its Yondr pouch requirement in order to protect the safety of the actors onstage during the show’s nude scenes. Abbey White, The Hollywood Reporter, 15 Sep. 2022 Does the awards community need to up its dose of Ginkgo Biloba? Kristen Baldwin, EW.com, 21 June 2022 The 4,270-member tribe plans to up its contribution in 2023 and to develop more ways to use less water, according to a statement. Debra Utacia Krol, The Arizona Republic, 16 Aug. 2022 Does the awards community need to up its dose of Ginkgo Biloba? Kristen Baldwin, EW.com, 21 June 2022 Does the awards community need to up its dose of Ginkgo Biloba? Kristen Baldwin, EW.com, 21 June 2022 But a virus can only up its transmissibility so much, says Emma Hodcroft, a viral phylogeneticist at the University of Bern. Katherine J. Wu, The Atlantic, 14 July 2022 But as demand increased, carriers haven’t been able to up their staffing in time. Amanda Maile, ABC News, 13 July 2022 See More

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'up.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

Word History

Etymology

Adverb

partly from Middle English up upward, from Old English ūp; partly from Middle English uppe on high, from Old English; both akin to Old High German ūf up and probably to Latin sub under, Greek hypo under, hyper over — more at over

First Known Use

Adverb

before the 12th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1a(1)

Adjective

before the 12th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

Preposition

1509, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

Noun

1536, in the meaning defined at sense 1

Verb

1643, in the meaning defined at intransitive sense 1a

Time Traveler
The first known use of up was before the 12th century

Dictionary Entries Near up

Cite this Entry

“Up.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/up. Accessed 2 Dec. 2022.

Kids Definition

up 1 of 5

adverb

1
a
: in or to a higher position or level
especially : away from the center of the earth
held up my hand
b
: from beneath a surface (as ground or water)
pulling up weeds
c
: from below the horizon
watched the moon come up
d
: in or into an upright position
stand up
e
: out of bed
stayed up late
2
: with greater force
speak up
3
a
: in or into a better or more advanced state
worked our way up in the world
b
: at an end
our time was up
c
: in or into a state of greater activity
stir up a fire
d
: to or at a greater rate, speed, or amount
prices went up
4
a
: into existence, evidence, or knowledge
the missing ring turned up
b
: into consideration
brought the matter up
5
: into possession or control
gave himself up
6
: entirely, completely
eat it up
the house burned up
7
: in or into storage
lay up supplies
put our boat up for the winter
8
: so as to arrive or approach
came up the drive
9
: in or into parts
tear up paper
10
: to a stop
pull up
drew up at the curb
11
: for each side
score was 15 up

up

2 of 5

adjective

1
a
: risen above the horizon or ground
the sun was up
b
: being out of bed
c
: higher than usual
the river is up
prices are up
d
: raised so as to be open : lifted
windows are up
e
: put together : built
the house is up
f
: grown above a surface
the corn is up
g
: moving or going upward
the up escalator
2
a
: being on one's feet and busy
was eager to be up and doing
b
: well prepared
the team was up for the game
c
: going on : taking place
find out what is up
3
: well informed
always up on the news
4
: being ahead of an opponent
was three games up in the series
5
a
: presented for or under consideration
up for reelection
b
: charged before a court
was up for robbery
c
: being the one whose turn it is
you're up next
up to
1
: capable of performing or dealing with
feels up to the role
2
: engaged in
what are they up to
3
: being the responsibility of
it's up to me

up

3 of 5

preposition

(ˌ)əp,
ˈəp
1
: to, toward, or at a higher point of
up the hill
2
a
: toward the beginning of
going up the river
b
: toward the northern or upper end or part of
sailed up the coast
3
: along the course of
walking up the street

up

4 of 5

noun

ˈəp
1
: an upward course or slope
2
: a period or state of success
had had my ups and downs

up

5 of 5

verb

upped or in sense 1 up; upped; upping; ups or in sense 1 up
1
: to act suddenly or surprisingly
up and left town
2
: to rise from a lying or sitting position
3
: to move or cause to move upward : ascend, raise
upped the prices

More from Merriam-Webster on up

Last Updated: - Updated example sentences
Love words? Need even more definitions?

Subscribe to America's largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free!


Odd Habits and Quirks

  • image1926873504
  • Which of the following best describes an easily irritated person?
True or False

Test your knowledge - and maybe learn something along the way.

TAKE THE QUIZ
Universal Daily Crossword

A daily challenge for crossword fanatics.

TAKE THE QUIZ