surrender

verb
sur·​ren·​der | \ sə-ˈren-dər How to pronounce surrender (audio) \
surrendered; surrendering\ sə-​ˈren-​d(ə-​)riŋ How to pronounce surrendering (audio) \

Definition of surrender

 (Entry 1 of 2)

transitive verb

1a : to yield to the power, control, or possession of another upon compulsion or demand surrendered the fort
b : to give up completely or agree to forgo especially in favor of another
2a : to give (oneself) up into the power of another especially as a prisoner
b : to give (oneself) over to something (such as an influence)

intransitive verb

: to give oneself up into the power of another : yield

surrender

noun

Definition of surrender (Entry 2 of 2)

1a : the action of yielding one's person or giving up the possession of something especially into the power of another
b : the relinquishment by a patentee of rights or claims under a patent
c : the delivery of a principal into lawful custody by bail

called also surrender by bail

d : the voluntary cancellation of the legal liability of an insurance company by the insured and beneficiary for a consideration
e : the delivery of a fugitive from justice by one government to another
2 : an instance of surrendering

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Choose the Right Synonym for surrender

Verb

relinquish, yield, resign, surrender, abandon, waive mean to give up completely. relinquish usually does not imply strong feeling but may suggest some regret, reluctance, or weakness. relinquished her crown yield implies concession or compliance or submission to force. the troops yielded ground grudgingly resign emphasizes voluntary relinquishment or sacrifice without struggle. resigned her position surrender implies a giving up after a struggle to retain or resist. surrendered their claims abandon stresses finality and completeness in giving up. abandoned all hope waive implies conceding or forgoing with little or no compulsion. waived the right to a trial by jury

Examples of surrender in a Sentence

Verb

The enemy finally surrendered after three days of fighting. The gunman surrendered and was taken into custody. The troops were forced to surrender the fort. They were required to surrender their passports. the surrendering of land to the government He refused to surrender to despair. He refused to surrender himself to despair.

Noun

Their surrender was formalized in a treaty. They demanded an unconditional surrender.
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Recent Examples on the Web: Verb

His 79 earned runs are the most runs surrendered by a starter in the American League. Julian Mcwilliams, BostonGlobe.com, "For Rick Porcello, the quest to improve has been a constant grind," 9 Aug. 2019 Gullett surrendered Thursday in Dover after Chief David Dalrymple of the Dover Marshal’s Office spotted him, River Valley Now reported. Fox News, "2 jail officials fired after Arkansas escape of white supremacist gang leader, other inmate, police say," 8 Aug. 2019 Bail was set at $150,000 but could be lowered to $100,000 if Hipolito surrenders his passport. Molly Korzenowski, Twin Cities, "Mother and family of girls burned in vehicle fire at Fridley Walmart speak out," 8 Aug. 2019 Gray finished the night with six hits and seven runs (three earned) surrendered in 5 2/3 innings of work that included 92 pitches (56 strikes). Kevin Henry, The Denver Post, "Jon Gray, Rockies clobbered by Padres after disastrous sixth inning," 8 Aug. 2019 The officer approached the man at gunpoint and the man obeyed the officer’s commands and surrendered. Carol Robinson | Crobinson@al.com, al, "Armed burglary suspect captured on I-459 wearing only shirt and underwear," 7 Aug. 2019 Williams lasted only five innings, surrendering eight hits and six runs before departing. Tom Haudricourt, Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, "Brewers 8, Pirates 3: Milwaukee finally pounds Williams behind two home runs by Keston Hiura," 7 Aug. 2019 Back in 2012, he was arrested in his wife’s killing and surrendered his passports. Los Angeles Times, "Cops made a crime podcast to capture fugitive multimillionaire Peter Chadwick. It helped," 7 Aug. 2019 The bomb dropped three days later on Nagasaki killed another 70,000 before Japan’s surrender ended World War II. Time, "Hiroshima Marks the 74th Anniversary of the Atomic Bombing," 6 Aug. 2019

Recent Examples on the Web: Noun

In areas previously under Syrian government siege, the choice given to civilians was surrender or starve. Alessandria Masi, CNN, "Thousands are trapped in a desert settlement in Syria, near a US military base," 1 Aug. 2019 Yang’s conciliatory approach might feel like too much of a surrender to some. Emily Witt, The New Yorker, "How Andrew Yang’s Robot Apocalypse Can Heal a Divided Nation," 18 July 2019 And, in a move the Resistance Contingent sees as a surrender to police, the parade is now held behind barricades, preventing casual participation. Annalisa Merelli, Quartz, "There is a radical new alternative to the NYC Pride march that rejects corporate influence," 27 June 2019 Many Indians prefer not to think about Black Elk’s later years and consider his conversion a kind of surrender, a confirmation that the old ways were in fact dead. David Treuer, Harper's magazine, "2020 Vision," 10 Jan. 2019 The sub’s occupant, an unidentified man, surrenders. Andrew Dyer, San Diego Union-Tribune, "Video: Coast Guardsmen leap aboard drug-smuggling submarine," 11 July 2019 The Navy brought charges against several sailors involved in the Farsi Island surrender, including four officers and two enlisted men. Megan Rose, ProPublica, "Trump Keeps Talking About the Last Military Standoff With Iran — Here’s What Really Happened," 24 June 2019 Her final surrender to the riptides of competing opinions on Europe in her own party, the nation’s Parliament and the country at large seems to personify the intensity of current political divisions. Arthur I. Cyr, Lake County News-Sun, "Cyr: British politics reflect change — and stability," 14 June 2019 The surrender of his license follows previous disciplinary actions taken by the board against Vicary. Leila Miller, latimes.com, "Psychiatrist who admitted altering notes in Menendez brothers’ murder trial in the ’90s surrenders license," 9 July 2019

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'surrender.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of surrender

Verb

15th century, in the meaning defined at transitive sense 1a

Noun

15th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

History and Etymology for surrender

Verb

Middle English surrendren, from surrendre, noun

Noun

Middle English surrendre, from Anglo-French, from surrendre, susrendre to relinquish, from sur- & sus-, suz under + rendre to give back — more at render, sous

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Learn More about surrender

Statistics for surrender

Last Updated

12 Aug 2019

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for surrender

The first known use of surrender was in the 15th century

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More Definitions for surrender

surrender

verb

English Language Learners Definition of surrender

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: to agree to stop fighting, hiding, resisting, etc., because you know that you will not win or succeed
: to give the control or use of (something) to someone else
: to allow something (such as a habit or desire) to influence or control you

surrender

noun

English Language Learners Definition of surrender (Entry 2 of 2)

: an agreement to stop fighting, hiding, resisting, etc., because you know that you will not win or succeed : an act of surrendering
: the act of giving the control or use of something to someone else
: the act of allowing yourself to be influenced or controlled by someone or something

surrender

verb
sur·​ren·​der | \ sə-ˈren-dər How to pronounce surrender (audio) \
surrendered; surrendering

Kids Definition of surrender

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : to give up after a struggle The soldiers surrendered. We'll never surrender the fort.
2 : to let go of : relinquish We surrendered our place in line.

surrender

noun

Kids Definition of surrender (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : the act of giving up after a struggle
2 : the act of giving something over to the possession or control of someone else

surrender

transitive verb
sur·​ren·​der

Legal Definition of surrender

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1a : to yield to the control or possession of another surrender the leased premises surrender collateral to a creditor
b : to give up completely or agree to forgo
c : to cancel (one's insurance policy) voluntarily
2 : to give over to the custody of the law surrender a defendant

intransitive verb

: to give oneself up

surrender

noun

Legal Definition of surrender (Entry 2 of 2)

: an act or instance of surrendering discharge an obligor by surrender of a promissory note especially : the yielding of an estate by a tenant to the landlord so that the leasehold interest is extinguished by mutual agreement

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Comments on surrender

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