supply

verb
sup·​ply | \ sə-ˈplī How to pronounce supply (audio) \
supplied; supplying

Definition of supply

 (Entry 1 of 2)

transitive verb

1 : to add as a supplement

2 [ Middle French souploier, alteration of soupplier ]

a : to provide for : satisfy laws by which the material wants of men are suppliedBulletin of Bates College
b : to make available for use : provide supplied the necessary funds
c : to satisfy the needs or wishes of
d : to furnish (organs, tissues, or cells) with a vital element (such as blood or nerve fibers)
3 : to substitute for another in specifically : to serve as a supply in (a church or pulpit)

intransitive verb

: to serve as a supply or substitute

supply

noun
plural supplies

Definition of supply (Entry 2 of 2)

1 obsolete : assistance, succor
2a obsolete : reinforcements often used in plural
b : a member of the clergy filling a vacant pulpit temporarily
c : the quantity or amount (as of a commodity) needed or available beer was in short supply in that hot weather— Nevil Shute
d : provisions, stores usually used in plural
3 : the act or process of filling a want or need engaged in the supply of raw materials to industry
4 : the quantities of goods or services offered for sale at a particular time or at one price
5 : something that maintains or constitutes a supply

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Other Words from supply

Verb

supplier \ sə-​ˈplī(-​ə)r How to pronounce supplier (audio) \ noun

Synonyms for supply

Synonyms: Verb

accoutre (or accouter), equip, fit (out), furnish, gird, kit (up or out) [chiefly British], outfit, provision, rig

Synonyms: Noun

budget, force, fund, inventory, pool, repertoire, reservoir, stock

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Examples of supply in a Sentence

Verb

The company supplied the necessary money. You'll have to supply your own food.

Noun

adequate supplies of fresh water He bought a month's supply of cigarettes. They took a month's worth of supplies on the camping trip. The town is in need of basic medical supplies. a store that sells art supplies The state is trying to disrupt the supply of illegal drugs. The storm interrupted the town's electricity supply.
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Recent Examples on the Web: Verb

Apple is planning to supply special iPhones to security researchers next year to help them find security flaws in iOS. Tom Warren, The Verge, "Apple reveals special new iPhones for security researchers," 8 Aug. 2019 Ed Pinto has made a second career out of supplying fishing equipment to those who need it. Austen Erblat, sun-sentinel.com, "New tackle shop hopes to catch South Florida fishing novices and experts," 2 Aug. 2019 Still, the agencies agreed to supply top-tier talent to the festival — if Lang and his partners accepted all the risk. Ben Sisario, New York Times, "The Disastrous Woodstock 50: What Went Wrong?," 1 Aug. 2019 Those deals have grown in size, and the companies now supply critical capabilities to the nation’s defense and military complex. Lizette Chapmanbloomberg, Los Angeles Times, "Peter Thiel missed out on China. Now he’s betting on American patriotism," 1 Aug. 2019 Houghtaling, the company’s chief executive, said the agreements call for supplying 350,000 barrels of ethane a day to Chinese chemical makers from a new terminal in Beaumont, Texas. Keith Schneider, ProPublica, "West Virginia Bets Big on Plastics, and on Backing of Trump Administration," 31 July 2019 Lester is also accused of selling to, buying for or supplying alcohol to someone under age 21, from January 1, 2018 to June 1, 2018, according to the indictment. Robin Goist, cleveland.com, "Former St. Vincent-St. Mary wrestling coach indicted on sexual abuse charges," 29 July 2019 In response to the outbreak, Pet Supplies Plus issued a recall on bulk pig ear products supplied to all of their locations, including in Texas. Rebecca Hennes, Houston Chronicle, "Pet owners be wary: Dog treats reportedly linked to salmonella infections in Texas," 26 July 2019 The deaths led to the cancellation of the festival's final day, and the man who supplied drugs to at least one dead attendee pleaded guilty in federal court to a narcotics conspiracy charge. Arman Azad, CNN, "More people try drugs for the first time in the summer, study says," 23 July 2019

Recent Examples on the Web: Noun

Gina Champion-Cain, American National Investments YES: The root cause of our limited supply is site scarcity and regulatory cost. San Diego Union-Tribune, "Should Mayor Faulconer veto new low-income housing rules?," 9 Aug. 2019 Sometimes a stream has dried up for the season, or a pond is too scummy to drink from, so your supply has to stretch further than planned. Adrienne Marshall, The Conversation, "Climate change will mean more multiyear snow droughts in the West," 8 Aug. 2019 The company imports about a third of its supplies from outside Britain including tomato sauce, frozen chicken, pineapple and tuna. Lianne Kolirin, CNN, "Domino's is stockpiling pizza ingredients to protect against a disorderly Brexit," 6 Aug. 2019 Even if she is eventually granted her permanent liquor license, it could be held up in an appeals process for another year, and the requirement to pay cash on demand for all her supplies could deplete her funds in the meantime. Esther Mobley, SFChronicle.com, "NIMBYs versus Negronis: Oakland residents protest cocktail bar Here’s How," 5 Aug. 2019 Trump relied on his endless supply of wealthy friends and personal capital to win his campaign, while AOC began her campaign waiting tables and tending bar. Doug Friednash, The Denver Post, "Friednash: Denver’s AOC — Candi CdeBaca — has already shaken the city but could this disruptor rattle Congress too?," 4 Aug. 2019 Congo’s literacy rate is already high enough, but its power supply is only a third of the necessary level. The Economist, "How do you reform a country where gunmen torch Ebola clinics?," 2 Aug. 2019 Remus built his empire with intellect, rather than systematic violence, and didn't even drink his own supply. Angela Serratore, Smithsonian, "The Bootleg King and the Ambitious Prosecutor Who Took Him Down," 1 Aug. 2019 Think about using the vintage ironing closet for some of your supplies. Bang Staff And Correspondents, The Mercury News, "Sponsored: Attractive vintage home on huge lot," 30 July 2019

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'supply.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of supply

Verb

14th century, in the meaning defined at transitive sense 1

Noun

15th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1

History and Etymology for supply

Verb

Middle English supplien to complete, compensate for, from Middle French soupplier, from Latin supplēre to fill up, complete, raise (a military unit, crew) to its full complement, substitute, from sub- up + plēre to fill — more at sub-, full

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Statistics for supply

Last Updated

11 Aug 2019

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for supply

The first known use of supply was in the 14th century

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More Definitions for supply

supply

verb

English Language Learners Definition of supply

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: to make (something) available to be used : to provide someone or something with (something that is needed or wanted)

supply

noun

English Language Learners Definition of supply (Entry 2 of 2)

: the amount of something that is available to be used
: things (such as food, equipment, fuel, etc.) that are needed for a particular purpose and that will be used by a particular person or group
: the process or system by which something is provided to a person, place, etc.

supply

verb
sup·​ply | \ sə-ˈplī How to pronounce supply (audio) \
supplied; supplying

Kids Definition of supply

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : to provide for : satisfy There is enough to supply the demand.
2 : to make available : furnish The tree supplies shade.

supply

noun
plural supplies

Kids Definition of supply (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : the amount of something that is needed or can be gotten medical supplies
2 : store entry 2 sense 3 I keep a supply of pencils in my desk.
3 : the act or process of providing something The company is engaged in the supply of raw materials.
sup·​ply | \ sə-ˈplī How to pronounce supply (audio) \
supplied; supplying

Medical Definition of supply

: to furnish (organs, tissues, or cells) with a vital element (as blood or nerve fibers) used of nerves and blood vessels the mandibular foramen transmits blood vessels and nerves supplying the lower teeth

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More from Merriam-Webster on supply

Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with supply

Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for supply

Spanish Central: Translation of supply

Nglish: Translation of supply for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of supply for Arabic Speakers

Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about supply

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