robust

adjective
ro·​bust | \ rō-ˈbəst How to pronounce robust (audio) , ˈrō-(ˌ)bəst\

Definition of robust

1a : having or exhibiting strength or vigorous health
b : having or showing vigor, strength, or firmness a robust debate a robust faith
c : strongly formed or constructed : sturdy a robust plastic
d : capable of performing without failure under a wide range of conditions robust software
2 : rough, rude stories … laden with robust, down-home imageryPlayboy
3 : requiring strength or vigor robust work
4 : full-bodied robust coffee also : hearty a robust dinner
5 : relating to, resembling, or being a specialized group of australopithecines characterized especially by heavy molars and small incisors adapted to a vegetarian diet

Note: Robust australopithecines are included in the genus Australopithecus along with gracile forms or placed in the separate genus Paranthropus.

— compare gracile sense 3

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Other Words from robust

robustly adverb
robustness \ rō-​ˈbəs(t)-​nəs How to pronounce robustness (audio) , ˈrō-​(ˌ)bəs(t)-​ \ noun

Choose the Right Synonym for robust

healthy, sound, wholesome, robust, hale, well mean enjoying or indicative of good health. healthy implies full strength and vigor as well as freedom from signs of disease. a healthy family sound emphasizes the absence of disease, weakness, or malfunction. a sound heart wholesome implies appearance and behavior indicating soundness and balance. a face with a wholesome glow robust implies the opposite of all that is delicate or sickly. a lively, robust little boy hale applies particularly to robustness in old age. still hale at the age of eighty well implies merely freedom from disease or illness. she has never been a well person

Examples of robust in a Sentence

If Singapore, just seven miles to the north with its glittering skyline and robust economy, is Southeast Asia's Cinderella, Batam is her dark sister. — Peter Gwin, National Geographic, October 2007 The greatest gains in mine mechanization came in a burst of innovation following World War II, when robust new machines were developed … — Robert L. Marovelli, Scientific American, September 1982 Humfry was a man whom everyone noticed. His stature was above ordinary, his complexion sanguine, his conversation lively, and his constitution robust. — Samuel Eliot Morison, The European Discovery of America, 1971 Why is almost every robust healthy boy with a robust healthy soul in him, at some time or other crazy to go to sea? — Herman Melville, Moby Dick, 1851 robust young men and women He is in robust health. The sauce has a robust flavor.
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Recent Examples on the Web

Together, the remedies Buttigieg proposes are robust, with moonshot efforts to reduce the prison population by 50 percent, and boost black homeownership rates. Adam Harris, The Atlantic, "Pete Buttigieg Is Ready to Talk About Racial Inequality," 11 July 2019 For more than a decade, according to Evans, Australia has had a robust coffee scene. Wine Australia, Bon Appétit, "How Three Aussie Gents Brought Australian Café Culture to New York City," 8 July 2019 Lituchy also is guiding Jay Paul’s unexpected push into downtown San Jose’s increasingly robust development scene. George Avalos, The Mercury News, "Matt Lituchy of Jay Paul chats about Bay Area real estate," 5 July 2019 Combating them effectively has less to do with sounding the alarm than with taking up a broader fight for economic equality and for robust, democratic social institutions. J.c. Pan, The New Republic, "Democratic Rot and the Origins of American Conspiracism," 3 July 2019 While still robust, that is down from a record $223 billion in the fourth quarter,... Michael Wursthorn, WSJ, "Decline in Share Buybacks Poses a Hurdle for Stock Market," 2 July 2019 The Dow has added a robust 14%, while the Nasdaq has jumped almost 21%. Janna Herron, USA TODAY, "Dow, stock futures ready for a higher open after temporary trade truce emerges with China," 1 July 2019 Free Love was a robust, national, often middle-class phenomenon that emerged from utopian socialism, early feminism and the deep American tradition of resistance to government. Michael Bronski, Time, "The Radical Woman Whose 19th Century Ideas Still Undergird the LGBTQ-Rights Movement," 25 June 2019 Strong parties serve democracy, and there has long been a relationship between robust, stable party systems and successful democratic and economic outcomes. Didi Kuo, Vox, "Challenges to parties in the United States and beyond," 20 June 2019

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'robust.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of robust

15th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

History and Etymology for robust

Latin robustus oaken, strong, from robor-, robur oak, strength

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Statistics for robust

Last Updated

14 Jul 2019

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The first known use of robust was in the 15th century

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More Definitions for robust

robust

adjective

English Language Learners Definition of robust

: strong and healthy
: strongly formed or built
: successful or impressive and not likely to fail or weaken

robust

adjective
ro·​bust | \ rō-ˈbəst How to pronounce robust (audio) \

Kids Definition of robust

: strong and healthy

Other Words from robust

robustly adverb

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More from Merriam-Webster on robust

Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with robust

Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for robust

Spanish Central: Translation of robust

Nglish: Translation of robust for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of robust for Arabic Speakers

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