hegemony

noun
he·ge·mo·ny | \ hi-ˈje-mə-nē , -ˈge- ; ˈhe-jə-ˌmō-nē \

Definition of hegemony 

1 : preponderant influence or authority over others : domination battled for hegemony in Asia

2 : the social, cultural, ideological, or economic influence exerted by a dominant group

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Other words from hegemony

hegemonic \ˌhe-jə-ˈmä-nik, ˌhe-gə- \ adjective

Did You Know?

Hegemony comes to English from the Greek hēgemonia, a noun formed from the verb hēgeisthai ("to lead"), which also gave us the word exegesis ("exposition" or "explanation"). The word was first used in English in the mid-16th century in reference to the control once wielded by the ancient Greek states, and it was reapplied in later centuries as other nations subsequently rose to power. By the 20th century, it had acquired a second sense referring to the social or cultural influence wielded by a dominant member over others of its kind, such as the domination within an industry by a business conglomerate over smaller businesses.

Examples of hegemony in a Sentence

… the very concept of "scientific truth" can only represent a social construction invented by scientists (whether consciously or not) as a device to justify their hegemony over the study of nature. —Stephen Jay Gould, Science, 14 Jan. 2000 When Germany's invasion of the Soviet Union, in June of 1941, distracted Japan's traditional rival for hegemony in East Asia, Japanese expansionists saw a historic opportunity. —David M. Kennedy, Atlantic, March 1999 If mermaids had ceased to challenge scientific hegemony, other similarly mythological creatures rushed in to fill their places in Victorian hearts and minds. —Harriet Ritvo, The Platypus and the Mermaid, 1997 They discussed the national government's hegemony over their tribal community. European intellectuals have long debated the consequences of the hegemony of American popular culture around the world.
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Recent Examples on the Web

In the Middle East, Putin stands for an alternative to American hegemony, transcending sectarian divisions. Washington Post, "How the Kremlin turned the Russian president into a global icon," 12 July 2018 For decades, the Boomer hegemony has held up the protest movement of the 1960s as the standard for meaningful cultural engagement in a time of turmoil. Spencer Kornhaber, The Atlantic, "Can Protest Art Get Its Mojo Back?," 7 May 2018 The hegemony of white landowners prompted few, if any, complaints about tribalism in the national conversation. Laila Lalami, New York Times, "Does American ‘Tribalism’ End in a Compromise, or a Fight?," 26 June 2018 America’s unique willingness to lead by fusing power and legitimacy saw off the Soviet Union and carried it to hegemony. The Economist, "Donald Trump’s demolition theory of foreign policy won’t work," 7 June 2018 Stopping Iran’s efforts at establishing regional hegemony is the kingdom’s highest foreign-policy priority. Nawaf E. Obaid, WSJ, "The Oil Weapon Can Fell the Ayatollahs," 1 July 2018 Latvia has its own Russian question, the residual of a long hegemony by Moscow that began in 1710 and ended only in 1991, with an interruption between the world wars when Latvians first enjoyed self-determination. L. Kim Tan, BostonGlobe.com, "In Latvia, we got carried away with storks," 26 June 2018 So no one poses an immediate threat to Intel's hegemony. Mike Rogoway, OregonLive.com, "Intel hits a wall on Moore's Law; growth in computing power finally slows," 3 May 2018 Here's what else affects everybody: The hegemony of white, middle-aged men on the Hill, an issue perfectly illustrated by journalist Mike Knoller's photograph of Trump's meeting. Jenny Hollander, Marie Claire, "Trump's Meeting About The Border Crisis Is Just a Dozen Old White Men," 20 June 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'hegemony.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of hegemony

1567, in the meaning defined at sense 1

History and Etymology for hegemony

Greek hēgemonia, from hēgemōn leader, from hēgeisthai to lead — more at seek

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Dictionary Entries near hegemony

Hegelism

hegemon

hegemonistic

hegemony

hegira

hegumen

heh

Statistics for hegemony

Last Updated

22 Aug 2018

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Time Traveler for hegemony

The first known use of hegemony was in 1567

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More Definitions for hegemony

hegemony

noun

English Language Learners Definition of hegemony

: influence or control over another country, a group of people, etc.

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