hegemony

noun
he·​ge·​mo·​ny | \ hi-ˈje-mə-nē How to pronounce hegemony (audio) , -ˈge-; ˈhe-jə-ˌmō-nē How to pronounce hegemony (audio) \

Definition of hegemony

1 : preponderant influence or authority over others : domination battled for hegemony in Asia
2 : the social, cultural, ideological, or economic influence exerted by a dominant group

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Other Words from hegemony

hegemonic \ ˌhe-​jə-​ˈmä-​nik How to pronounce hegemonic (audio) , ˌhe-​gə-​ \ adjective

Did You Know?

Hegemony comes to English from the Greek hēgemonia, a noun formed from the verb hēgeisthai ("to lead"), which also gave us the word exegesis ("exposition" or "explanation"). The word was first used in English in the mid-16th century in reference to the control once wielded by the ancient Greek states, and it was reapplied in later centuries as other nations subsequently rose to power. By the 20th century, it had acquired a second sense referring to the social or cultural influence wielded by a dominant member over others of its kind, such as the domination within an industry by a business conglomerate over smaller businesses.

Examples of hegemony in a Sentence

… the very concept of "scientific truth" can only represent a social construction invented by scientists (whether consciously or not) as a device to justify their hegemony over the study of nature. — Stephen Jay Gould, Science, 14 Jan. 2000 When Germany's invasion of the Soviet Union, in June of 1941, distracted Japan's traditional rival for hegemony in East Asia, Japanese expansionists saw a historic opportunity. — David M. Kennedy, Atlantic, March 1999 If mermaids had ceased to challenge scientific hegemony, other similarly mythological creatures rushed in to fill their places in Victorian hearts and minds. — Harriet Ritvo, The Platypus and the Mermaid, 1997 They discussed the national government's hegemony over their tribal community. European intellectuals have long debated the consequences of the hegemony of American popular culture around the world.
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Recent Examples on the Web

Many Brexiteers see the vote as an outward-looking opportunity for globalism; many Remainers see EU membership as a safety precaution in a future of American and Chinese hegemony. Sahil Handa, National Review, "Reclaiming Britishness from the Brexit Debacle," 10 June 2019 In recent decades, antitrust actions have focused on consumer welfare, rather than on market hegemony. Tom Saler, Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, "Tom Saler: Anti-trust action against Big Tech recalls moves against Rockefeller, Carnegie a century ago," 21 June 2019 The Italian hegemony was followed by four years of Dutch success as Feyenoord won in 1970 before three successive Ajax victories. 1843, "A league of their own: how English clubs conquered Europe," 7 June 2019 From the African point of view, Russia offers a strategic alternative to America’s global hegemony, China’s economic diplomacy, and the lingering influence of Africa’s former colonial masters. János Besenyő, Quartz Africa, "Russia is vying to offer African countries a credible alternative to the US and China," 4 June 2019 The promise of widespread popular movement that challenges Israel’s hegemony is appealing, if frightening to some, and unrealistic to others. Tareq Baconi, The New York Review of Books, "One Year of Gaza Protests. A New Era of Palestinian Struggle?," 29 Mar. 2019 But given the reality that there are oppressive systems and hegemonies of power currently in place that enforce narrow gender expectations and beauty ideals, undergoing FFS was the right choice for me. Serena Daniari, Allure, "The Complicated Process of Undergoing Facial-Feminization Surgery, and Why I Did It," 23 Mar. 2019 Caesar tries to force a Roman republic into a global hegemony without full cognizance of the inevitable blowback from centuries of republican government, and so predictably is assassinated by a dying generation of dreamy senators. Victor Davis Hanson, New York Times, "When to Wage War, and How to Win: A Guide," 20 Apr. 2018 Meanwhile, Russia and Iran have moved to consolidate a joint hegemony that would dominate Syria and Iraq and threaten Israel. The Editorial Board, WSJ, "High Stakes in Syria," 12 Apr. 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'hegemony.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of hegemony

1567, in the meaning defined at sense 1

History and Etymology for hegemony

Greek hēgemonia, from hēgemōn leader, from hēgeisthai to lead — more at seek

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Dictionary Entries near hegemony

Hegelism

hegemon

hegemonistic

hegemony

hegira

hegumen

heh

Statistics for hegemony

Last Updated

11 Jul 2019

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Time Traveler for hegemony

The first known use of hegemony was in 1567

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More Definitions for hegemony

hegemony

noun

English Language Learners Definition of hegemony

formal : influence or control over another country, a group of people, etc.

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More from Merriam-Webster on hegemony

Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with hegemony

Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for hegemony

Spanish Central: Translation of hegemony

Nglish: Translation of hegemony for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of hegemony for Arabic Speakers

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