giv·​en | \ ˈgi-vən How to pronounce given (audio) \

Definition of given

 (Entry 1 of 3)

1 : prone, disposed given to swearing
2 : presented as a gift : bestowed without compensation
3a : particular, specified at a given time
b : assumed as actual or hypothetical : granted given that all are equal before the law
4 of an official document : having been executed : dated
5 : immediately present in experience



Definition of given (Entry 2 of 3)

: something given especially : something taken for granted : a basic condition or assumption It is a given that we are in an age of relentless competition.

Definition of given (Entry 3 of 3)

: in view of : considering given what she knew about others' lives, how could she complain about her own?— Marilyn French

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Synonyms & Antonyms for given

Synonyms: Adjective

Synonyms: Noun

Antonyms: Adjective

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Examples of given in a Sentence

Adjective a quiet man not given to loud expressions of emotion candidates for the quiz show must complete the qualifying test within a given amount of time Noun In our system it is a given that all are equal before the law. it's a given that television viewers are influenced by advertising, even consciously or subconsciously
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Recent Examples on the Web: Adjective Rodman Linn, an atmospheric scientist at Los Alamos National Laboratory, does computational modeling of how fires interact with the surrounding atmosphere to predict how a given fire behaves. Jennifer Ouellette, Ars Technica, "Scientists model dynamic feedback loop that fuels the spread of wildfires," 28 Dec. 2019 One study found that closing an automotive plant in a given American county has been associated with 85% higher opioid overdose death rates in that county after five years. Aj Willingham, CNN, "5 things to know for December 31: Wildfires, Nissan, Russia call, opioids," 31 Dec. 2019 Surge pricing automatically goes into effect when there are more riders in a given area than available drivers. Sarah Brookbank,, "Getting an Uber or Lyft on New Year's Eve? Here's how to reserve your ride now," 30 Dec. 2019 Some snow could mix in with this rain, but accumulation chances are very low given temperatures. Washington Post, "D.C.-area forecast: Less breeze and more sun today. Decent tomorrow, too.," 29 Nov. 2019 Not Doing All the Work Electric assist definitely reduces the human effort necessary to go a given speed, but by how much? Joe Lindsey, Outside Online, "Riding an E-Bike Is Not Cheating," 1 Nov. 2019 Instead, the state sets a fee schedule that requires the same payment for all households within a given income bracket., "Draconian state child care assistance leaves too many working poor with debt, advocates say - The Boston Globe," 2 Dec. 2019 At any given moment, part of the sun's atmosphere, known as the chromosphere, is filled with up to 10 million spicules that usually last under 10 minutes. Jason Daley, Smithsonian, "Millions of Plasma ‘Spicules’ Could Explain the Extreme Heat of the Sun’s Atmosphere," 15 Nov. 2019 At any given opportunity, Marylou would find humor regardless of the situation., "Deaths in Central Florida: 11/8," 8 Nov. 2019 Recent Examples on the Web: Noun That had coach James Borrego stressing that there would be no givens with his lineups going forward. Ira Winderman,, "Winderman: Reconfigured Heat get to see how others reinvented | Commentary," 30 Nov. 2019 Cassidy has David Krejci, Jake DeBrusk, and Coyle as his three givens on his second and third lines., "However, the other three lines scored only twice (Ritchie and Danton Heinen) across 12 periods. One week is a tiny sample size, to be sure, but the tepid production served as a reminder that secondary scoring, a key to the Cup drive last spring, ultimately will have to be mined.," 12 Oct. 2019 And though both are givens in fashion drops around their respective season, corduroy still hasn't totally shed its nostalgic veneer. Ana Colón, Glamour, "The Best Corduroy Pieces to Shop for Fall 2018," 22 Sep. 2018 Getty There are a few givens in the life of a professional tennis player: constant training, a calorie-pinching diet, and global travel for 11 months out of the year. Jeryl Lippe, Condé Nast Traveler, "Venus Williams and Rafael Nadal Told Us Their Dream Vacations," 27 Aug. 2018 Of that group, Friedrich and Cosart are far from givens to return – at least on major league deals. Jeff Sanders,, "Friar talk: Early look at Padres' 2018 payroll," 11 Oct. 2017 To Jones, there are two givens, his enduring love for South Florida, with an upcoming return to his Southwest Ranches home in summer, and an abiding respect for the Heat's culture. Ira Winderman,, "Winderman: Faith in Heat future extends beyond organization itself | Commentary," 14 July 2018 Tennessee's defense will be one of the great givens of the 2018-19 season. Patrick Stevens,, "Way-too-early projection of the 2019 NCAA tournament field: Loyola the only team from Illinois again," 3 Apr. 2018 Although people are born with some biological givens, the brain has many blank pages. Rob Verger, Newsweek, "Newsweek Rewind: 15 Years After Columbine, a Nation Still Asks ‘Why?’," 17 Apr. 2014

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'given.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of given


14th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1


1879, in the meaning defined above


1904, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for given


see give entry 1

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Learn More about given

Time Traveler for given

Time Traveler

The first known use of given was in the 14th century

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Statistics for given

Last Updated

17 Jan 2020

Cite this Entry

“Given.” The Dictionary, Merriam-Webster Inc., Accessed 19 January 2020.

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More Definitions for given


How to pronounce given (audio)

English Language Learners Definition of given

 (Entry 1 of 3)

used to refer to a particular time, place, etc., that has been, will be, or might be specified



English Language Learners Definition of given (Entry 2 of 3)

: something that is regarded or accepted as true or real : a basic fact or assumption

English Language Learners Definition of given (Entry 3 of 3)

used to indicate something that is being assumed or considered often used in the phrase given that


giv·​en | \ ˈgi-vən How to pronounce given (audio) \

Kids Definition of given

1 : being likely to have or do something They are given to quarreling.
2 : decided on beforehand We meet at a given time.

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More from Merriam-Webster on given

Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for given

Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with given

Spanish Central: Translation of given

Nglish: Translation of given for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of given for Arabic Speakers

Comments on given

What made you want to look up given? Please tell us where you read or heard it (including the quote, if possible).


to insert between existing elements

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