florid

adjective
flor·​id | \ ˈflȯr-əd How to pronounce florid (audio) , ˈflär- \

Definition of florid

1a : very flowery in style : ornate florid prose florid declamations also : having a florid style a florid writer
b : elaborately decorated a florid interior
c obsolete : covered with flowers
2a : tinged with red : ruddy a florid complexion
b : marked by emotional or sexual fervor a florid secret life a florid sensibility
3 : fully developed : manifesting a complete and typical clinical syndrome the florid stage of a disease
4 archaic : healthy

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Other Words from florid

floridity \ flə-​ˈri-​də-​tē How to pronounce floridity (audio) , flȯ-​ \ noun
floridly \ ˈflȯr-​əd-​lē How to pronounce floridly (audio) , ˈflär-​ \ adverb
floridness \ ˈflȯr-​əd-​nəs How to pronounce floridness (audio) , ˈflär-​ \ noun

Did You Know?

When it first entered English "florid" was used with the literal meaning "covered with flowers." That use, though now obsolete, hints at the word's history. English speakers borrowed "florid" from the Latin adjective floridus ("blooming" or "flowery"), itself from the verb "florēre" ("to bloom"). "Florēre," which in turn comes from a Latin root meaning "flower," is also an ancestor of the words "flourish" and "florescence" ("a state or period of flourishing"). These days, "florid" can refer to an overblown style in speech, writing, or decoration. As such, its synonyms include "ornate," "rococo," and "overwrought."

Examples of florid in a Sentence

a florid, gilded mirror that took up most of the wall gave a florid speech in honor of the queen's visit
Recent Examples on the Web Malkovich excels in the role of an artist (one of his specialties) whose intellectual passion and dubious ambition emerge in florid and torrential discourse. Richard Brody, The New Yorker, "What to Stream This Weekend: Willem Dafoe in “Shadow of the Vampire”," 18 Oct. 2019 Those actresses share a fire-breathing force-of-nature unpredictability that could measure up to even the most florid stretches of Williams' writing. David Rooney, The Hollywood Reporter, "'The Rose Tattoo': Theater Review," 16 Oct. 2019 If the sardonic tone of Sudeikis’s Red is merely generic, Jones’ larger-than-life vocal performance makes Zeta outrageous beyond her florid plumage. Pat Padua, Twin Cities, "‘The Angry Birds Movie 2’ is better than you think. Wait, we’re serious.," 13 Aug. 2019 The key figure, of course, is the story's Hercule Poirot counterpart, a courtly gumshoe with a Tennessee drawl and a florid turn of phrase named Benoit Blanc, played by Daniel Craig with infectious enjoyment. David Rooney, The Hollywood Reporter, "'Knives Out': Film Review | TIFF 2019," 8 Sep. 2019 At times, the actor’s florid portrayal of the quirky, blustering general evokes, of all people, Frank Morgan’s Wizard of Oz. Don Aucoin, BostonGlobe.com, "Subject and style are at war in flawed ‘Ben Butler’," 5 Aug. 2019 Her taut yet florid performance earned an Oscar nomination, for Best Actress. Richard Brody, The New Yorker, "What to Stream: “Afterglow,” a Melodramatic Spotlight for Julie Christie," 30 Aug. 2019 With its florid flora and prehistoric fauna, its end-of-the-road otherness, its castles literally built on sand, this flat appendage dangling from the southeast corner of the continental U.S. makes a fine backdrop for all kinds of craziness. Los Angeles Times, "‘Florida Man’ is so over. On TV, Florida women are having their day," 23 Aug. 2019 In the years since those poems, Pound had become notorious for his fascist politics and florid anti-Semitism. The New York Review of Books, "Edward Mendelson," 7 Mar. 2019

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'florid.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of florid

1651, in the meaning defined at sense 1c

History and Etymology for florid

Latin floridus blooming, flowery, from florēre

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Time Traveler for florid

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The first known use of florid was in 1651

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Last Updated

15 Nov 2019

Cite this Entry

“Florid.” The Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster Inc., https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/florid?pronunciation&lang=en_us&dir=f&file=florid01. Accessed 16 December 2019.

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More Definitions for florid

florid

adjective
How to pronounce florid (audio)

English Language Learners Definition of florid

: very fancy or too fancy
: having a red or reddish color

florid

adjective
flor·​id | \ ˈflȯr-əd How to pronounce florid (audio) \

Kids Definition of florid

1 : very fancy or flowery in style florid writing
2 : having a reddish color a florid face

florid

adjective
flor·​id | \ ˈflȯr-əd, ˈflär- How to pronounce florid (audio) \

Medical Definition of florid

: fully developed : manifesting a complete and typical clinical syndrome florid hyperplasia

Other Words from florid

floridly adverb

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More from Merriam-Webster on florid

Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for florid

Spanish Central: Translation of florid

Nglish: Translation of florid for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of florid for Arabic Speakers

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