\ ˈfləd How to pronounce flood (audio) \

Definition of flood

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1a : a rising and overflowing of a body of water especially onto normally dry land The flood inundated the whole area. also : a condition of overflowing rivers in flood
b capitalized : a flood described in the Bible as covering the earth in the time of Noah
2 : the flowing in of the tide
3 : an overwhelming quantity or volume received a flood of phone calls also : a state of abundant flow or volume or of greatest activity often used in the phrase in full flood a debate in full flood a political movement in full flood


flooded; flooding; floods

Definition of flood (Entry 2 of 2)

transitive verb

1 : to cover with a flood : inundate
2a : to fill abundantly or excessively flood the market
b : to supply an excess of fuel to (an engine, a carburetor, etc.) so that engine operation is hampered

intransitive verb

1 : to pour forth, go, or come in a flood
2 : to become filled with a flood

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Other Words from flood


flooder noun

Synonyms & Antonyms for flood

Synonyms: Noun

alluvion, bath, cataclysm, cataract, deluge, flood tide, inundation, Niagara, overflow, spate, torrent

Synonyms: Verb

deluge, drown, engulf, gulf, inundate, overflow, overwhelm, submerge, submerse, swamp

Antonyms: Noun

drought (also drouth)

Antonyms: Verb


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Examples of flood in a Sentence


A flood inundated the whole area. the devastating flood of 1936 The water has risen to flood level. We've received a flood of mail. a flood of phone calls Seeing her again brought back a flood of memories.


Heavy rains flooded the valley. The rivers are close to flooding. The valley flooded after the heavy rains. The plain floods every spring. The room was flooded with light. The company plans to flood the market with this product. The office has been flooded with phone calls. The phone calls have been flooding in. Refugees flooded into the camp. Light flooded into the room.
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Recent Examples on the Web: Noun

On Thursday, water sat just beneath a railroad bridge where someone had marked a white line showing the high-water mark from the record 1993 flood. Erin Ailworth, WSJ, "Prolonged Flooding Takes Its Toll on a Small Missouri Town," 9 June 2019 His academic unit is studying the effects of the flood. Washington Post, "Mississippi seeks seafood disaster amid spillway complaints," 8 June 2019 It was aimed, above all, to prepare for the data flood that can overwhelm young catchers. Jorge Castillo, latimes.com, "Dodgers rookie catcher Will Smith's apprenticeship began in September," 6 June 2019 The second act moves forward to tell of Noah and the great flood. Matthew J. Palm, orlandosentinel.com, "A trio of dance and theater options for your weekend," 5 June 2019 The agriculture conglomerate Archer Daniels Midland reported that the floods would cost it between $50 and $60 million in the first quarter of the year. Sara Harrison, WIRED, "Companies Expect Climate Change to Cost Them $1 Trillion in 5 Years," 4 June 2019 There are lots of little things that happen and then the flood comes, then the big things happen. Sean Illing, Vox, "A divorce lawyer’s guide to staying together," 3 Dec. 2018 The flood caused heavy damage in Ellicott City and killed a national guardsman who was swept away by floodwaters trying to help a resident. Ian Duncan, baltimoresun.com, "Maryland congressional delegation calls on Trump to approve disaster declaration for Ellicott City flood," 2 July 2018 Authorities have warned the toll is highly preliminary as flood waters recede and reveal more bodies. Tsvangirayi Mukwazhi, The Seattle Times, "Mozambique says cholera cases up to 271 in cyclone-hit city," 31 Mar. 2019

Recent Examples on the Web: Verb

Pennsylvania has been flooded with calls, some 1,800 from victims and families over the last three years. Martha Mendoza, The Denver Post, "As bishops gather, prosecutors step up scrutiny of Catholic Church," 11 June 2019 The news from the Midwest is dire, where there are reports of fields in Iowa still under water from flooding, and corn and soybean planting in several states has barely begun. Alison Arnett, BostonGlobe.com, "Cold, wet spring made for some stressed-out farmers — and delayed strawberries," 10 June 2019 Social media pages for members of the royal family were flooded with tributes to Queen Elizabeth‘s husband of 71 years on Monday. PEOPLE.com, "Happy 98th Birthday, Prince Philip! See How the Royal Family Is Celebrating the Queen's Husband," 10 June 2019 Immediately, Curran’s social media comments were flooded with bee emojis, a stinging signal from the Beyhive. Joi-marie Mckenzie, Essence, "After Recent Sting On Warrior Owner's Wife, Beyoncé's Publicist Says Beyhive Attacks Will 'Bring No Joy' To Singer," 7 June 2019 New York City Mayor Bill de Blasio proposed Thursday to extend the East River shoreline of lower Manhattan by as much as 500 feet, or two city blocks, to protect the financial district and South Street Seaport from flooding tied to climate change. Leslie Brody, WSJ, "New York City Plans Expansion of Lower Manhattan Shoreline to Prevent Flooding," 14 Mar. 2019 McMaster estimated the damage from flooding in his state at $1.2 billion. Amy Lieu, Fox News, "Florence death toll rises to 43 as floods wreak havoc in Carolinas," 22 Sep. 2018 It had been built on pilings to keep it safe from flooding. Eric Berger, Ars Technica, "Harvey: This is probably the worst US flood storm ever; I’ll never be the same," 25 Aug. 2018 The Justice Department said the case should be thrown out arguing that asylum detention decisions are the sole discretion of government agencies and insulated from court review to prevent asylum applicants from flooding courts with lawsuits. Spencer S. Hsu, chicagotribune.com, "Judge blocks crackdown on asylum seekers, bars blanket detentions of those with persecution claims," 2 July 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'flood.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of flood


before the 12th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1a


1663, in the meaning defined at transitive sense 1

History and Etymology for flood

Noun and Verb

Middle English, from Old English flōd; akin to Old High German fluot flood, Old English flōwan to flow

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Learn More about flood

Dictionary Entries near flood



flong paper





Statistics for flood

Last Updated

15 Jun 2019

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for flood

The first known use of flood was before the 12th century

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More Definitions for flood



English Language Learners Definition of flood

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: a large amount of water covering an area of land that is usually dry
: a flood described in the Bible as covering the earth in the time of Noah
: a large amount of things that come or happen at the same time



English Language Learners Definition of flood (Entry 2 of 2)

: to cover (land) with a flood
: to become filled or covered by a flood
: to fill (something) completely


\ ˈfləd How to pronounce flood (audio) \

Kids Definition of flood

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : a huge flow of water that rises and spreads over the land
2 : the flowing in of the tide
3 : a very large number or amount a flood of mail


flooded; flooding

Kids Definition of flood (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : to cover or become filled with water
2 : to fill as if with a flood Sunlight flooded her room.
\ ˈfləd How to pronounce flood (audio) \

Medical Definition of flood

: to have an excessive menstrual flow or a uterine hemorrhage after childbirth

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More from Merriam-Webster on flood

Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with flood

Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for flood

Spanish Central: Translation of flood

Nglish: Translation of flood for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of flood for Arabic Speakers

Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about flood

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