covenant

noun
cov·​e·​nant | \ ˈkəv-nənt How to pronounce covenant (audio) , ˈkə-və-\

Definition of covenant

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : a usually formal, solemn, and binding agreement : compact … international law, which depends upon the sanctity of covenants between rulers.— George H. Sabine
2a : a written agreement or promise usually under seal between two or more parties especially for the performance of some action the deed conveying the land contained restrictive covenants
b : the common-law action to recover damages for breach of such a contract

covenant

verb
cov·​e·​nant | \ ˈkəv-nənt How to pronounce covenant (audio) , -ˌnant, ˈkə-və-\
covenanted; covenanting; covenants

Definition of covenant (Entry 2 of 2)

transitive verb

: to promise by a covenant : pledge

intransitive verb

: to enter into a covenant : contract

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Other Words from covenant

Noun

covenantal \ ˌkə-​və-​ˈnan-​tᵊl How to pronounce covenantal (audio) \ adjective

Synonyms & Antonyms for covenant

Synonyms: Noun

accord, alliance, compact, convention, pact, treaty

Synonyms: Verb

agree, bargain, contract

Antonyms: Verb

disagree

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Examples of covenant in a Sentence

Noun

an international covenant on human rights The restrictive covenants of the building development prohibit the construction of buildings over 30 feet tall.

Verb

a traditional rule held that a husband could not enter into a covenant with his wife, because that was the equivalent of covenanting with himself the home buyers had to covenant that they would restore and keep the house for at least 10 years in exchange for a low mortgage rate
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Recent Examples on the Web: Noun

Storage has been a problem in some subdivisions with covenants prohibiting big cans visible from the street. Lee Roop | Lroop@al.com, al, "’Work with us, have patience’ says Huntsville’s new recycling program," 2 Aug. 2019 Peter Cole, of Western Illinois University, tells Fitzgerald at TIME that in the aftermath of the riot, Chicago began using legal tools, like covenants keeping African-Americans from owning property in certain areas. Jason Daley, Smithsonian, "To Remember the Chicago Race Riot of 1919, Commemoration Project Looks to Public Art," 30 July 2019 Any changes to the plans that Silver had proposed would require city approval due to a covenant, put in place in 2012, that requires the owner to adhere to federal preservation standards. Peter Kiefer, The Hollywood Reporter, "L.A.'s Iconic Venice Post Office Falls Into Limbo Again After Joel Silver Sale," 23 July 2019 Among those covenants, carefully monitored by an oversight board that issues a yearly report to the state attorney general, is a requirement that DMC remain committed to medical education. David Jesse, Detroit Free Press, "DMC, Wayne State fight for years with millions of dollars and care of poor at stake," 20 June 2019 On Yom HaShoah, the day of commemoration and broken covenants, many Jewish communities gather to read the names of victims aloud. Merve Emre, The New York Review of Books, "‘Dismembered, Relocated, Rearranged’," 6 June 2019 Despite having paid down our senior lender by more than $20 million, or more than 35 percent, since 2014, softness in our markets has resulted in non-compliance with certain technical covenants. Max Londberg, kansascity, "Company that owns four top radio stations in KC files for bankruptcy | The Kansas City Star," 21 Mar. 2018 Some environmental groups, including the Wild Salmon Center, were already pushing for legally enforceable covenants as a way to limit Oregon State’s discretion. oregonlive.com, "‘Majestic’ Douglas fir stood for 420 years. Then Oregon State University foresters cut it down," 26 July 2019 According to Poore, the medical condo’s covenants, conditions and restrictions, prevent such a large project from being proposed at this time. Lila Seidman, La Cañada Valley Sun, "Proposed senior living facility near La Cañada faces opposition," 24 July 2019

Recent Examples on the Web: Verb

USA TODAY NETWORK LOS ANGELES — Alien: Covenant edged out Guardians of the Galaxy Vol. 2 in a weekend space battle at the box office. Sandy Cohen, USA TODAY, "'Alien: Covenant' edges out 'Guardians 2' at weekend box office with $36M," 21 May 2017

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'covenant.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of covenant

Noun

14th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1

Verb

14th century, in the meaning defined at transitive sense

History and Etymology for covenant

Noun and Verb

Middle English, from Anglo-French, from present participle of covenir to be fitting, from Latin convenire

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Statistics for covenant

Last Updated

14 Aug 2019

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for covenant

The first known use of covenant was in the 14th century

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More Definitions for covenant

covenant

noun

Financial Definition of covenant

What It Is

A covenant is a promise a company makes, usually in return for a loan or bond issue.

How It Works

Covenants are most common in lending agreements and bond indentures. They can be financial or operational in nature.

Operational covenants often require borrowers to maintain their physical assets to certain standards, meet minimum disclosure requirements, engage only in permissible business lines, or maintain a certain level of insurance.

Financial covenants are frequently ratios that the borrower is required to stay above or below (a 2:1 debt-to-equity ratio or interest coverage ratio, for example), but there are usually also restrictions on debt levels and minimum working capital requirements. Financial covenants often limit the borrower's purchase of new assets, changes in control, the use of the borrowed funds, and the payment of dividends (so that shareholders cannot vote to pay themselves huge dividends, leaving nothing for the creditors). Some may also limit compensation packages for officers.

The lending agreement in which the covenant appears will also provide detailed formulas to be used to calculate the ratios and limits. It is important to note that in many cases these formulas do not conform to generally accepted accounting principals (GAAP). For example, the covenant may include leases in the debt calculation, or it may consider capital leases as an expense. As a result, it is very important that borrowers scrutinize covenants before borrowing.

Violating a covenant can trigger a technical default. This means that although the issuer is making interest and principal payments on time, it is not operating within the agreed-upon guidelines and is thus increasing the risk of default in the eyes of the lender or bondholders. Often borrowers have a certain amount of time to remedy the technical default, but it often lowers the borrower's credit rating and stock price.

Why It Matters

Lenders attach covenants to bond issues and loans as a way to force the borrower to operate in a financially prudent manner that ensures it will repay the debt. Issuers, on the other hand, usually negotiate the most flexible covenants they can so they have the freedom to make decisions and take risks that might ultimately benefit the shareholders.  In either case, covenants act as a safety mechanism that allows both parties to achieve its goals.

Source: Investing Answers

covenant

noun

English Language Learners Definition of covenant

formal : a formal and serious agreement or promise
law : a formal written agreement between two or more people, businesses, countries, etc.

covenant

noun
cov·​e·​nant | \ ˈkə-və-nənt How to pronounce covenant (audio) \

Kids Definition of covenant

: a formal or serious agreement or promise the covenant of marriage

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covenant

noun
cov·​e·​nant | \ ˈkə-və-nənt How to pronounce covenant (audio) \

Legal Definition of covenant

1 : an official agreement or compact an international covenant on human rights
2a : a contract in its entirety or a promise within a contract for the performance or nonperformance of a particular act a covenant not to sue specifically : a promise relating to the transfer, possession, or ownership of real property — see also covenant not to compete, restrictive covenant
b : a warranty in a deed assuring the grantee especially against defects in title a covenant for quiet enjoyment — see also run
3 : a common-law action to recover damages for breach of a contract under seal — compare assumpsit, debt

Other Words from covenant

covenant verb

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Comments on covenant

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