clone

noun
\ ˈklōn How to pronounce clone (audio) \

Definition of clone

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1a : the aggregate of genetically identical cells or organisms asexually produced by or from a single progenitor cell or organism
b : an individual grown from a single somatic cell or cell nucleus and genetically identical to it
c : a group of replicas of all or part of a macromolecule and especially DNA clones of identical recombinant DNA sequences
2 : one that appears to be a copy of an original form : duplicate a clone of a personal computer

clone

verb
cloned; cloning

Definition of clone (Entry 2 of 2)

transitive verb

1 : to propagate a clone from
2 : to make a copy of

intransitive verb

: to produce a clone

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Other Words from clone

Noun

clonal \ ˈklō-​nᵊl How to pronounce clonal (audio) \ adjective
clonally \ ˈklō-​nə-​lē How to pronounce clonally (audio) \ adverb

Verb

cloner \ ˈklō-​nər How to pronounce cloner (audio) \ noun

Did You Know?

Cloning is the production of a population of genetically identical cells or of organisms asexually produced by a single cell or organism. Cloning is fundamental to most living things, since the body cells of plants and animals are clones that come from a single fertilized egg. More narrowly, the term refers to an individual organism grown from a single body cell of its parent that is genetically identical to the parent. Cloning has been commonplace in horticulture since ancient times — many varieties of plants are cloned simply by obtaining cuttings of their leaves, stems, or roots and replanting them. The body cells of adult humans and other animals are routinely cultured as clones in the laboratory. British researchers achieved the first success in cloning an adult mammal in 1996. They produced a lamb, which they named Dolly, using DNA from an adult sheep.

Examples of clone in a Sentence

Noun

the clone of an adult female sheep the car is a clone under a different brand name—it's even manufactured in the same plant as its cousin

Verb

Do you think scientists should clone humans? a plant produced by cloning
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Recent Examples on the Web: Noun

Opt for a flight ($25-$40) focused on the Wente chardonnay clone, small lot red wines or winemaker Karl Wente’s Nth degree label. Jessica Yadegaran, The Mercury News, "First Look: Inside Wente Vineyards’ new Livermore winery restaurant," 24 June 2019 Also added to the mix was Dr. Evil’s miniature clone, appropriately-named Mini-Me, who was portrayed by Verne Troyer. Derek Lawrence, EW.com, "Fat Bastard and Mini-Me turn 20: Mike Myers on creating the memorable Austin Powers characters," 11 June 2019 Peter has narrowly survived three separate credit card fraud attempts by hackers to clone and use his cards. Sharon Wekwete, Quartz Africa, "As the continent digitizes rapidly, Africans need a bill of data rights to protect them online," 12 June 2019 That's certainly more useful than trying to clone Snapchat. Peter Bright, Ars Technica, "Microsoft is finally going to make the Skype UI good for the things people use," 4 Sep. 2018 If the plants survive, they’ll be used as mothers, with clones clipped off their branches and propagated. Ally Marotti, chicagotribune.com, "'This is farming like we’ve never done before.' Illinois hemp farmers face risks with first planting of newly legal crop.," 14 June 2019 The trend is so pervasive that an Instagram account with nearly 40,000 followers, The Midtown Uniform (@midtownuniform), has sprung up to savagely document these corporate clones in cities like New York, Toronto and Washington D.C. Jacob Gallagher, WSJ, "How the Fleece Vest Became the New Corporate Uniform," 24 July 2018 Usually this means one version of the AI agent playing against an identical clone. James Vincent, The Verge, "DeepMind’s AI agents exceed ‘human-level’ gameplay in Quake III," 4 July 2018 There's no word on how close to the OG script the Roswell revival will stay (maybe some evil clones?) but the show will reportedly take a political turn. Lauren Rearick, Teen Vogue, "CW Announces "The Vampire Diaries" and "The Originals" Spinoff, "Legacies"," 12 May 2018

Recent Examples on the Web: Verb

Scientists could now clone cells with and without particular ion channels and see what happened. Sally Adee, Quartz, "Our bodies are full of electricity that could help us fight cancer," 30 May 2019 But a group of geneticists from Harvard are hoping to change this by cloning living elephant cells that contain a small component of synthesised mammoth DNA. Paul Mann, Smithsonian, "Can Bringing Back Mammoths Help Stop Climate Change?," 14 May 2018 These creatures reproduce asexually, making a copy of their singular chromosome and essentially cloning themselves. Jon Kelvey, Smithsonian, "The Evolution of Sex Could Have Provided a Defense Against Cancer Cells," 11 June 2019 When a coral is damaged by a storm, a piece of a colony might break off, tumble away, and eventually reattach to the bottom and continue to grow by cloning itself. Rebecca Albright, Scientific American, "Scientists Are Taking Extreme Steps to Help Corals Survive," 1 Jan. 2018 Amazon cloned an entire neighborhood, a dangerous hacker group takes aim at the US electrical grid, and the world remembers a running great. Alex Baker-whitcomb, WIRED, "Hackers Target US Power, Amazon Clones a Neighborhood, and More News," 14 June 2019 Since expanding from livestock into pet cloning more than two years ago, ViaGen has cloned more than 100 pets, Rodriguez said, and more than half are dogs. Mary Carole Mccauley, baltimoresun.com, "These puppies may be Maryland's first cloned dogs," 2 May 2018 So what happens when an Arab monarch sets out to clone the distinctive culture of a New England boarding school? Richard Mcgill Murphy, Town & Country, "Desert Prep," 17 Dec. 2012 If you were cloned, would the clone have the same sense of humor as you? Popular Mechanics Editors, Popular Mechanics, "Would Your Clone Have the Same Sense of Humor?," 9 Apr. 2019

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'clone.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of clone

Noun

1903, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

Verb

1930, in the meaning defined at transitive sense 1

History and Etymology for clone

Noun

Greek klōn twig, slip; akin to Greek klan to break — more at clast

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Dictionary Entries near clone

clomipramine

clomp

clonazepam

clone

clonidine

clonk

Clonmel

Statistics for clone

Last Updated

17 Jul 2019

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for clone

The first known use of clone was in 1903

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More Definitions for clone

clone

noun

English Language Learners Definition of clone

 (Entry 1 of 2)

biology : a plant or animal that is grown from one cell of its parent and that has exactly the same genes as its parent
: a product (such as a computer) that is a copy of another product produced by a well-known company
: a person or thing that appears to be an exact copy of another person or thing

clone

verb

English Language Learners Definition of clone (Entry 2 of 2)

: to make an exact copy of (a person, animal, or plant) : to make a clone of (something or someone)

clone

noun
\ ˈklōn How to pronounce clone (audio) \

Medical Definition of clone

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : the aggregate of genetically identical cells or organisms asexually produced by a single progenitor cell or organism
2 : an individual grown from a single somatic cell or cell nucleus and genetically identical to it
3 : a group of replicas of all or part of a macromolecule and especially DNA

Other Words from clone

clonal \ ˈklōn-​ᵊl How to pronounce clonal (audio) \ adjective
clonally \ -​ᵊl-​ē How to pronounce clonally (audio) \ adverb

clone

verb
cloned; cloning

Medical Definition of clone (Entry 2 of 2)

transitive verb

: to propagate a clone from frogs have been successfully cloned by transplanting nuclei from body cells to enucleated eggs

intransitive verb

: to produce a clone

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More from Merriam-Webster on clone

Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for clone

Spanish Central: Translation of clone

Nglish: Translation of clone for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of clone for Arabic Speakers

Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about clone

Comments on clone

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