chau·​vin·​ism | \ˈshō-və-ˌni-zəm \

Definition of chauvinism 

1 : an attitude of superiority toward members of the opposite sex male chauvinism also : behavior expressive of such an attitude

2 : undue partiality or attachment to a group or place to which one belongs or has belonged regional chauvinism

3 : excessive or blind patriotism — compare jingoism his fervent nationalism mutated into blatant chauvinism— Elizabeth Fuller

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Other Words from chauvinism

chauvinist \-​və-​nist \ noun or adjective
chauvinistic \ˌshō-​və-​ˈnis-​tik \ adjective
chauvinistically \-​ti-​k(ə-​)lē \ adverb

Examples of chauvinism in a Sentence

their ingrained chauvinism has blinded them to their country's faults

Recent Examples on the Web

Indians need not look far to see the dangers of linguistic chauvinism. Sadanand Dhume, WSJ, "For India, English Is a Cure, Not a Sickness," 20 Sep. 2018 Mr Sadr has denounced Shia chauvinism, urged reconciliation with Sunnis and reached out to the region’s Sunni champion, Saudi Arabia, and its crown prince, Muhammad bin Salman. The Economist, "Burnt votes and an election recount might plunge Iraq into crisis," 14 June 2018 For in the dozen or so countries that make up South-East Asia, liberal democracy has long struggled in the face of authoritarianism, bolstered by monarchism, nationalism and ethnic chauvinism. The Economist, "South-East Asia: lots of elections, not so much democracy," 24 May 2018 Chilling chauvinism There certainly is ample evidence within Mercury 13 to back up its central conclusion. Eric Berger, Ars Technica, "Netflix film examines why NASA shunned women astronauts in early days," 20 Apr. 2018 Mr Abadi does not share Mr Maliki’s Shia chauvinism and has canvassed Sunni and Kurdish votes. The Economist, "A cleric who once tormented America seems to have won Iraq’s election," 19 May 2018 Viewing the world through these lenses led to the medicalization of any and all dissent: Anything less than full-throated chauvinism meant a person was deficient in Gemüt, which, in turn, was potentially damaging to the Volk. Seth Mnookin, New York Times, "Was Autism a Nazi Invention?," 18 June 2018 This abuse was part of a larger prejudice against marsupials that is sometimes called placental chauvinism. Brooke Jarvis, The New Yorker, "The Obsessive Search for the Tasmanian Tiger," 16 Jan. 2012 To generate a new surge, that example suggested, was likely to require another high-profile case of chauvinism. The Economist, "LexingtonWomen could be the undoing of Donald Trump," 17 Feb. 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'chauvinism.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of chauvinism

1851, in the meaning defined at sense 3

History and Etymology for chauvinism

French chauvinisme, from Nicolas Chauvin, character noted for his excessive patriotism and devotion to Napoleon in Théodore and Hippolyte Cogniard's play La Cocarde tricolore (1831)

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Chavannes, de


Statistics for chauvinism

Last Updated

6 Dec 2018

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Time Traveler for chauvinism

The first known use of chauvinism was in 1851

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English Language Learners Definition of chauvinism

: an attitude that the members of your own sex are always better than those of the opposite sex

: the belief that your country, race, etc., is better than any other

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to enclose within walls

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