chasten

verb
chas·​ten | \ ˈchā-sᵊn How to pronounce chasten (audio) \
chastened; chastening\ ˈchās-​niŋ How to pronounce chastening (audio) , ˈchā-​sᵊn-​iŋ \

Definition of chasten

transitive verb

1 : to correct by punishment or suffering : discipline If he commit iniquity, I will chasten him with the rod of men — 2 Samuel 7: 14 (King James Version) also : purify
2a : to prune (something, such as a work or style of art) of excess, pretense, or falsity : refine
b : to cause to be more humble or restrained : subdue He was chastened by his team's defeat.

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Other Words from chasten

chastener \ ˈchās-​nər How to pronounce chastener (audio) , ˈchā-​sᵊn-​ər \ noun

Synonyms & Antonyms for chasten

Synonyms

castigate, chastise, correct, discipline, penalize, punish

Antonyms

excuse, pardon, spare

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Choose the Right Synonym for chasten

punish, chastise, castigate, chasten, discipline, correct mean to inflict a penalty on in requital for wrongdoing. punish implies subjecting to a penalty for wrongdoing. punished for stealing chastise may apply to either the infliction of corporal punishment or to verbal censure or denunciation. chastised his son for neglecting his studies castigate usually implies a severe, typically public censure. an editorial castigating the entire city council chasten suggests any affliction or trial that leaves one humbled or subdued. chastened by a landslide election defeat discipline implies a punishing or chastening in order to bring under control. parents must discipline their children correct implies punishing aimed at reforming an offender. the function of prison is to correct the wrongdoer

Did You Know?

If you say you would "castigate" or "chastise" someone in order to "chasten" them, you demonstrate a good knowledge of the origin of "chasten" - all three verbs derive from the Latin verb castigare, meaning "to punish." The trio shares an initial sense of "to subject to severe and often physical punishment," but all three verbs are now as likely to refer to a verbal dressing-down as a physical lesson. "Chasten" (which arrived in English via Anglo-French chastier) can also be used to mean "to prune of excess, pretense, or falsity." This led to the more general sense of "to make more subdued," although the humility can be imposed by a humiliating situation as easily as by a strict taskmaster.

Examples of chasten in a Sentence

chastened the child with five minutes of sitting in the corner the unexpected loss to a second-rate player really chastened the tournament's top-seeded tennis star

Recent Examples on the Web

The idea was to uphold the social order, to prevent someone from passing themselves off as a member of a different class, to keep women covered and the poor chastened. Constance Grady, Vox, "Decoding the wedding dress code," 27 June 2019 The chief executive insisted that the company both regretted its role in the crashes and chastened itself in their aftermath. Ian Bogost, The Atlantic, "Boeing Won’t Rename the 737 MAX," 26 June 2019 But independent biologists told me they were far more downbeat, chastened by the scope of losses. Andrew Revkin, National Geographic, "14-foot fish spotted in river, giving hope to vanished giant’s return," 7 Mar. 2019 Far from chastened, Mr. Greenblatt doubled down on partisanship. Liel Leibovitz, WSJ, "Is Brett Kavanaugh Bad for the Jews?," 23 July 2018 Warning: video game-wary parents everywhere may be chastened. Madeleine Luckel, Vogue, "12 of the Best Design Exhibitions to See This Fall," 18 Sep. 2018 When the Giants reached out, Sandoval jumped at the chance to return home, a prodigal son chastened over his misdeeds. Jorge L. Ortiz, USA TODAY, "Prodigal Panda: Pablo Sandoval enjoying renaissance with Giants," 29 June 2018 At the rights council, the United States has recently been the most unabashed critic of rights abuses in China — whose growing economic and diplomatic clout has chastened some other would-be critics, rights advocates say. Washington Post, "US leaving UN’s Human Rights Council, cites anti-Israel bias," 20 June 2018 But the recent price bust chastened both seasoned executives and young people about to enter the industry. Houston Chronicle, "Competition for top talent keeps pay scale high in oil industry," 13 July 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'chasten.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of chasten

1526, in the meaning defined at sense 1

History and Etymology for chasten

alteration of obsolete English chaste to chasten, from Middle English, from Anglo-French chastier, from Latin castigare, from castus + -igare (from agere to drive) — more at act

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Statistics for chasten

Last Updated

5 Jul 2019

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Time Traveler for chasten

The first known use of chasten was in 1526

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More Definitions for chasten

chasten

verb

English Language Learners Definition of chasten

: to cause (someone) to feel sad or embarrassed about something that has happened

chasten

verb
chas·​ten | \ ˈchā-sᵊn How to pronounce chasten (audio) \
chastened; chastening

Kids Definition of chasten

: to correct by punishment : discipline

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More from Merriam-Webster on chasten

Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with chasten

Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for chasten

Spanish Central: Translation of chasten

Nglish: Translation of chasten for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of chasten for Arabic Speakers

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