bruise

verb
\ ˈbrüz How to pronounce bruise (audio) \
bruised; bruising

Definition of bruise

 (Entry 1 of 2)

transitive verb

1a archaic : disable
b : batter, dent bruise armor
2 : to inflict an injury involving rupture of small blood vessels and discoloration without a break in the overlying skin or a similar injury to plant tissue : to inflict a bruise (see bruise entry 2 sense 1) on : contuse bruised her arm when he grabbed her
3 : to break down (leaves, berries, etc.) by pounding : crush
4 : wound, injure especially : to inflict psychological hurt on The professional and personal tumbles that have bruised your ego in the past 12 months are over. New Woman

intransitive verb

1 : to inflict a bruise
2 : to bear or show the effects of a bruise : to undergo bruising her skin bruises easily

bruise

noun

Definition of bruise (Entry 2 of 2)

1a : an injury involving rupture of small blood vessels and discoloration without a break in the overlying skin : contusion
b : a similar injury to plant tissue
3 : an injury especially to the feelings criticisms that left a bruise

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Synonyms for bruise

Synonyms: Noun

contusion

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Examples of bruise in a Sentence

Verb

She bruised her knee when she fell. I don't want to bruise anyone's feelings.

Noun

He had a bad bruise on his leg after he fell. a bruise on an apple
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Recent Examples on the Web: Verb

Medical examiners then search for signs of struggle, such as bruising, to indicate that a person was held underwater. NBC News, "Drowning is one of the hardest homicides to prove. These investigators want to change that.," 8 June 2019 The jockeys sustained knee bruising, and Orozco also had a sprained left ankle, according to track physician Dr. David Seftel. Larry Stumes, SFChronicle.com, "This week at Golden Gate Fields, June 6-9," 5 June 2019 No animals were harmed in this financial experiment, but some human egos were bruised. Spencer Jakab, WSJ, "Making Monkeys Out of the Sohn Investing Gurus," 6 May 2019 Lewis has bruising on her right eye, which can be seen in her mugshot. Kristi O'connor, charlotteobserver, "Baby's body found stuffed in a garbage bag, diaper box then tossed in the woods," 31 May 2018 My body—now further stretched, bruised, and bloated—was officially beyond recognition. Jason Sheeler, Vogue, "How George Michael, A Buddhist Monk, and A Stripper Saved My Life," 14 Feb. 2019 The clerk was treated for pain and bruising to his face and head. Fox News, "Video shows robber, deli clerk grappling over gun," 18 Sep. 2018 Ozil, 29, will sit out the friendly against Saudi Arabia in Leverkusen with light bruising to his left knee, but was able to run in training on Thursday. Afp, chicagotribune.com, "Ozil to miss Germany last friendly due to injury," 7 June 2018 According to a police report, the older woman had severe bruising to her face as well as to her body. Madeleine Marr, miamiherald, "She threw wine in her stepmother's face, cops say. Things went downhill from there | Miami Herald," 18 Apr. 2018

Recent Examples on the Web: Noun

DiMaria said the boys did not have any visible bruises or injuries, according to the paper. Amy Lieu, Fox News, "'Severely autistic' woman weighed 45 pounds, body found locked in feces-filled room, prosecutor says," 28 Sep. 2018 Slate asked medical examiners whether they were caused by the crash, and was told the bruises were old but recent—and not a result of the accident. Lauren Smiley, Glamour, "Sarah Hart Was ‘Intoxicated’: Everything We’ve Learned So Far About the Hart Family From the Coroner’s Inquest," 5 Apr. 2019 The bruises on her legs and buttocks were the first things officers noticed about the lifeless child, The Atlanta Journal-Constitution previously reported. Chelsea Prince, ajc, "DeKalb DA drops charges against man in death of girlfriend’s baby," 28 June 2018 Hatch argued that the bruises on her mouth could be from someone pressing their fingers onto it in order to keep her quiet, but said there was no definitive evidence of suffocation or strangulation. Gal Tziperman Lotan, OrlandoSentinel.com, "Osceola County woman convicted of killing mother, receives life in prison," 16 Jan. 2018 For example, when kids are young, being a helicopter parent might lead to fewer bumps and bruises. Marisa Lascala, Good Housekeeping, "What Is Helicopter Parenting? Experts Say It's Too Much For Kids," 8 Apr. 2019 The trooper involved in the crash was treated for bumps and bruises, the news station reported. Chelsea Prince, ajc, "JUST IN: Trooper injured in high-speed I-85 chase, crash," 10 July 2018 The friend recalled an incident that happened in late February, when Christman arrived late to work, appeared to be disheveled and had bruises on her neck and arms. Glenn E. Rice, kansascity, "Violent, obsessive ex-boyfriend charged in Kansas City killing of mom of 4: police | The Kansas City Star," 23 Apr. 2018 It was temporarily closed in 2016 after a Sumatran elephant that died was found to have bruises on its body. Bloomberg.com, "Smoking Orangutan Riles Anger Against Zoo in Indonesia," 7 Mar. 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'bruise.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of bruise

Verb

before the 12th century, in the meaning defined at transitive sense 1a

Noun

1533, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

History and Etymology for bruise

Verb

Middle English brusen, brisen, from Anglo-French & Old English; Anglo-French bruiser, briser to break, of Celt origin; akin to Old Irish bruid he shatters; Old English brȳsan to bruise; akin to Old Irish bruid, Latin frustum piece

Noun

noun derivative of bruise entry 1

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Learn More about bruise

Dictionary Entries near bruise

bruh

bruik

bruin

bruise

bruised

bruiser

bruisewort

Statistics for bruise

Last Updated

14 Jun 2019

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for bruise

The first known use of bruise was before the 12th century

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More Definitions for bruise

bruise

verb

English Language Learners Definition of bruise

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: to cause a bruise on (part of a person's body, a piece of fruit, etc.)
: to get a bruise
: to hurt (someone's confidence, feelings, etc.) through speech or actions

bruise

noun

English Language Learners Definition of bruise (Entry 2 of 2)

: a dark and painful area on your skin that is caused by an injury
: a dark area on a plant or piece of fruit that has been damaged

bruise

verb
\ ˈbrüz How to pronounce bruise (audio) \
bruised; bruising

Kids Definition of bruise

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: to injure the flesh (as by a blow) without breaking the skin

bruise

noun

Kids Definition of bruise (Entry 2 of 2)

: a black-and-blue spot on the body or a dark spot on fruit caused by an injury or damage

bruise

verb
\ ˈbrüz How to pronounce bruise (audio) \
bruised; bruising

Medical Definition of bruise

 (Entry 1 of 2)

transitive verb

1 : to inflict a bruise on : contuse
2 : wound, injure especially : to inflict psychological hurt on

intransitive verb

: to undergo bruising she bruises easily

bruise

noun

Medical Definition of bruise (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : an injury transmitted through unbroken skin to underlying tissue causing rupture of small blood vessels and escape of blood into the tissue with resulting discoloration : contusion
2 : an injury especially to the feelings

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More from Merriam-Webster on bruise

Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with bruise

Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for bruise

Spanish Central: Translation of bruise

Nglish: Translation of bruise for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of bruise for Arabic Speakers

Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about bruise

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