array

verb
ar·​ray | \ ə-ˈrā How to pronounce array (audio) \
arrayed; arraying; arrays

Definition of array

 (Entry 1 of 2)

transitive verb

1 : to dress or decorate especially in splendid or impressive attire : adorn … he had already arrayed himself in his best clothes.— Thomas Hardy
2a : to set or place in order : draw up, marshal the forces arrayed against us
b : to set or set forth in order (something, such as a jury) for the trial of a cause
3 : to arrange or display in or as if in an array The … data are arrayed in descending order.— Ed Burnett

array

noun

Definition of array (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : an imposing group : large number faced a whole array of problems also : variety, assortment a broad array of styles
2a : a regular and imposing grouping or arrangement : order lined up … in soldierly array— Donald Barthelme
b law : an orderly listing of jurors impaneled
b : rich or beautiful apparel : finery
4 : a body of soldiers : militia the baron and his feudal array
5a(1) : a number of mathematical elements arranged in rows and columns
(2) : a data structure in which similar elements of data are arranged in a table
b : a series of statistical data arranged in classes in order of magnitude
6 : a group of elements forming a complete unit an antenna array

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Other Words from array

Verb

arrayer noun

Examples of array in a Sentence

Verb

She arrayed herself in rich velvets and satins. a door arrayed for the holidays with a beautiful evergreen wreath

Noun

an array of solar panels an array of baseball gloves in the corner of his room
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Recent Examples on the Web: Verb

After being spun around, Karawjit started hammering the produce arrayed around the taller man's body, from near his head to between his legs. Bill Keveney, USA TODAY, "'AGT': A six-pack of memorably weird acts from Season 14 auditions," 8 July 2019 The inviting space has Buddha and Ganesh statues arrayed on shelves and pillar candles flickering in a white-brick fireplace. Kavita Daswani, latimes.com, "My Favorite Room: Paul Greene lets well-traveled pieces tell the story," 6 July 2019 Finally, the top floors are for the bureaucracy getting the people’s work done, in individual offices and conference room arrayed on four sides around a central courtyard. Anthony Flint, BostonGlobe.com, "Learning to love the world’s ugliest building," 1 July 2019 The players are arrayed in a vertical formation suggesting a human face. Alex Ross, The New Yorker, "Karlheinz Stockhausen Composes the Cosmos," 17 June 2019 Just before dusk, the first pickup trucks roll past the checkpoint and array themselves across the desert on the outskirts of Agadez, Niger. Robert Draper, National Geographic, "Surrounded by chaos, Niger is a nation on the edge," 17 June 2019 Los Angeles company Makers + Goods sources feel-good products that benefit various causes, arrays them in gift baskets and delivers to your door. Kavita Daswani, latimes.com, "Father's Day gift ideas for the fitness-minded dad," 8 June 2018 By the time the fighting had subsided, thousands of innocents had lost their lives — including five American nuns, who Taylor’s soldiers mistakenly believed to be cooperating with the forces arrayed against them. Jeremy Roebuck, Philly.com, "Another Liberian in Delco stands trial for alleged role in brutal civil war," 11 June 2018 Meanwhile, 46 battalions of Russia's Western Military District and the Kaliningrad Oblast—about nine combat divisions' worth—are arrayed against them. Kyle Mizokami, Popular Mechanics, "U.S. Official: Russia Could Defeat NATO in Less Than 3 Days," 14 June 2016

Recent Examples on the Web: Noun

The internet has played a big part in the recent expansion, simply by providing a platform and allowing a more diverse array of columnists to have a voice and build a following, Gottlieb says. Jamie Ducharme, Time, "Why We Love Advice Columns, According to Psychologists," 15 July 2019 Google’s buying activity is occurring in a neighborhood dominated by an array of vacant properties, old industrial and commercial sites, retail outlets, nightspots, parking lots, and office buildings. George Avalos, The Mercury News, "Google buys downtown San Jose fire training site needed for transit village," 12 June 2019 The performance was topped by a bright array of fireworks that lit the sky in hues of green, yellow and red. Bianca Gracie, Billboard, "Dan + Shay Perform Flirty 'All to Myself' at the 2019 CMT Music Awards: Watch," 5 June 2019 The letter by a wide array of China experts from around the world is addressed to Chinese President Xi Jinping. Rob Gillies, The Seattle Times, "More than 100 China experts urge China to release Canadians," 21 Jan. 2019 But if something else had set Earth’s length of day, then the moon-forming event could have had more (or less) angular momentum, opening the door for a much wider array of possible impact scenarios. Simon J. Lock, Scientific American, "When Earth and the Moon Were One," 2 July 2019 While the conceptual thread across the courses remains the same, the humanities curriculum is designed to introduce the students to an array of disciplines and methodologies within the social sciences and humanities. Bitasta Das, Quartz India, "How I engage students of India’s premier science school in folk arts," 27 June 2019 In an effort to clean up the messiness and offer increased exposure to a wider array of talent, the NCAA created sanctioned showcases in partnership with states' high school athletics associations. Robert Rimpson, The Courier-Journal, "NCAA recruiting showcases give Bellarmine and WKU a better shot at prospects," 18 June 2019 Meals Included:Breakfast, Dinner Accommodations:Sanbonani Resort Hotel Day 5: Kruger National Park Rise early and climb aboard an open jeep for a safari in Kruger National Park—home to a mindboggling array of large mammals. National Geographic, "Southern Africa Family Journey: In Search of the Big Five," 12 June 2019

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'array.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of array

Verb

13th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1

Noun

14th century, in the meaning defined at sense 2a

History and Etymology for array

Verb and Noun

Middle English, from Anglo-French arraier, from Vulgar Latin *arredare, from Latin ad- + a base of Germanic origin; akin to Goth garaiths arranged — more at ready

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Learn More about array

Dictionary Entries near array

arrastre

Arrau

Arrawak

array

arrayal

arrayán

arrayment

Statistics for array

Last Updated

18 Jul 2019

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for array

The first known use of array was in the 13th century

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More Definitions for array

array

verb

English Language Learners Definition of array

 (Entry 1 of 2)

formal
: to place (a group of things) in a particular position so that they are in order or so that they look attractive
literary : to dress (someone, especially yourself) in fine clothing
: to put (soldiers) in a place or position so that they are ready to attack

array

noun

English Language Learners Definition of array (Entry 2 of 2)

: a large group or number of things
: a group of numbers, symbols, etc., that are arranged in rows and columns
: a way of organizing pieces of information in the memory of a computer so that similar kinds of information are together

array

verb
ar·​ray | \ ə-ˈrā How to pronounce array (audio) \
arrayed; arraying

Kids Definition of array

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : to place in order Soldiers arrayed themselves for review. The table was arrayed with all sorts of delicacies.
2 : to dress especially in fine or beautiful clothing He was arrayed like a prince.

array

noun

Kids Definition of array (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : an impressive group You can choose from an array of colors.
2 : a group of persons (as soldiers) in a certain order
3 : fine or beautiful clothing They were dressed in magnificent array.
4 : regular order or arrangement
5 : a group of mathematical elements (as numbers or letters) arranged in rows and columns
ar·​ray | \ ə-ˈrā How to pronounce array (audio) \

Legal Definition of array

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: to set (a jury) for trial specifically : to set (a jury) by calling out the names of the jurors one at a time — compare impanel

array

noun

Legal Definition of array (Entry 2 of 2)

: the group of people summoned to serve as jurors from which the jury will be chosen also : a list of the jurors' names — see also challenge to the array at challenge — compare venire

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More from Merriam-Webster on array

Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with array

Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for array

Spanish Central: Translation of array

Nglish: Translation of array for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of array for Arabic Speakers

Comments on array

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