arduous

adjective
ar·​du·​ous | \ ˈär-jə-wəs How to pronounce arduous (audio) , -dyu̇-, -jü-əs\

Definition of arduous

1a : hard to accomplish or achieve : difficult an arduous task years of arduous training
b : marked by great labor or effort : strenuous … a life of arduous toil.— A. C. Cole
2 : hard to climb : steep an arduous path

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Other Words from arduous

arduously adverb
arduousness noun

Choose the Right Synonym for arduous

hard, difficult, arduous mean demanding great exertion or effort. hard implies the opposite of all that is easy. farming is hard work difficult implies the presence of obstacles to be surmounted or puzzles to be resolved and suggests the need of skill or courage. the difficult ascent of the mountain arduous stresses the need of laborious and persevering exertion. the arduous task of rebuilding

Examples of arduous in a Sentence

Traveling for several days by train, stagecoach and horseback, they would reach Mariposa Grove, a stand of some 200 ancient giant sequoias, where they would rest before embarking on an arduous descent via 26 switchbacks into the valley. — Tony Perrottet, Smithsonian, July 2008 As yoga classes go, this is not an arduous one, but the students don't know that. — Richard Corliss, Time, 23 Apr. 2001 Women of middling means had the most to gain from increased consumption, for imported goods often reduced their long and arduous labor, especially in making candles and soap or in spinning and weaving cloth. — Alan Taylor, American Colonies, 2000 He went through a long and arduous training program. an arduous journey across miles of desert
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Recent Examples on the Web

However, voting rights activists say this is an arduous, slow process; oftentimes costing individuals additional fees to hire a lawyer to sort through their options. Tyler Kendall, CBS News, "Former inmate sues Florida over bill narrowing voting rights amendment," 30 June 2019 In 2013, after an arduous application process, the company agreed in principle to grant the Maidu more than 3½ square miles of the tribe’s historical lands in and around Humbug Valley. Spencer Silva, SFChronicle.com, "PG&E owns land across California. What will happen to it?," 24 June 2019 But the hunt can be arduous and fruitless in some cases. Alex Leary, WSJ, "U.S. Cities Prepare for Federal Immigration Raids," 22 June 2019 To circumvent this arduous process, activists have invented the one-person picket: a person stands with a sign, and the police generally leave the protesters alone. Masha Gessen, The New Yorker, "The Arrest of a Russian Investigative Journalist Prompts Outrage and Solidarity," 10 June 2019 College had seemed like a long, arduous process for LaRoque. Tj Gibson, azcentral, "Phoenix college proves education is more than just hitting the books," 4 June 2019 Upon arriving in Ivory Coast's cocoa-growing areas, child migrants are used to meet the demand on cocoa farms for arduous manual labor and stay year-round. Peter Whoriskey, Anchorage Daily News, "Much of the chocolate you buy starts with child labor," 6 June 2019 An arduous trail and a competitive permit process aren’t the only issues to overcome to successfully hike Half Dome, though. Kimberly Veklerov, SFChronicle.com, "Yosemite’s Half Dome summit to reopen to hikers with cable installation," 5 June 2019 Best view The trek up to Lake Sørvágsvatn is renowned, and for good reason: Paths are easy to follow and not too arduous. Josephine Price, National Geographic, "Visit 18 wild and beautiful Scandinavian islands," 21 May 2019

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'arduous.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of arduous

1549, in the meaning defined at sense 1b

History and Etymology for arduous

Latin arduus high, steep, difficult; akin to Old Irish ard high

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Dictionary Entries near arduous

ARDS

Ards

arduinite

arduous

are

area

area amniotica

Statistics for arduous

Last Updated

4 Jul 2019

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Time Traveler for arduous

The first known use of arduous was in 1549

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More Definitions for arduous

arduous

adjective

English Language Learners Definition of arduous

: very difficult

arduous

adjective
ar·​du·​ous | \ ˈär-jə-wəs How to pronounce arduous (audio) \

Kids Definition of arduous

: difficult sense 1 an arduous climb

Other Words from arduous

arduously adverb working arduously

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More from Merriam-Webster on arduous

Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for arduous

Spanish Central: Translation of arduous

Nglish: Translation of arduous for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of arduous for Arabic Speakers

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