adjunct

noun
ad·​junct | \ ˈa-ˌjəŋ(k)t How to pronounce adjunct (audio) \

Definition of adjunct

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : something joined or added to another thing but not essentially a part of it The website is designed as an adjunct to the book.

2 grammar

a : a word or word group that qualifies or completes the meaning of another word or other words and is not itself a main structural element in its sentence
b : an adverb or adverbial phrase (such as heartily in "They ate heartily" or at noon in "We left at noon") attached to the verb of a clause especially to express a relation of time, place, frequency, degree, or manner — compare disjunct sense 2
3a : an associate or assistant of another
b : an adjunct faculty member at a college or university (see adjunct entry 2 sense 2)

adjunct

adjective
ad·​junct | \ ˈa-ˌjəŋ(k)t How to pronounce adjunct (audio) \

Definition of adjunct (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : added or joined as an accompanying object or circumstance
2 : attached in a subordinate or temporary capacity to a staff an adjunct professor

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Other Words from adjunct

Noun

adjunctive \ a-​ˈjəŋ(k)-​tiv How to pronounce adjunctive (audio) , ə-​ \ adjective

Adjective

adjunctly \ ˈa-​ˌjəŋ(k)-​tlē How to pronounce adjunctly (audio) , -​ˌjəŋk-​lē \ adverb

Breaking Down Adjunct

With its prefix, ad-, meaning "to or toward", adjunct implies that one thing is "joined to" another. A car wash may be operated as an adjunct to a gas station. An adjunct professor is one who's attached to the college without being a full member of the salaried faculty. And anyone trying to expand his or her vocabulary will find that daily reading of a newspaper is a worthwhile adjunct to actual vocabulary study.

Examples of adjunct in a Sentence

Noun

Because Joseph Ellis has been an outspoken critic of social and women's history, he appears a peculiar choice to write the foreword, despite his many publications on the Revolutionary era. Unsurprisingly, perhaps, he treats Abigail here more as her husband's adjunct and supporter than as her own woman. — Anthony Lewis, New York Times Book Review, 4 Nov. 2007 As an adjunct to its basic educational role, the public library will increasingly serve as an access point to the resources of other libraries as well as to nonlibrary sources of publicly available information. — Fred Lerner, The Story of Libraries, (1945) 1998 In A.D. 400 western Europe was merely a geographic expression. Roman civilization was centered on the Mediterranean, and France, England, and the Rhine valley were mere adjuncts of the Mediterranean world. — Norman F. Cantor, The Civilization of the Middle Ages, 1993 Massage therapy can be used as an adjunct along with the medication. In “They ate heartily,” the word heartily is an adjunct and in “We left at noon,” the phrase at noon is an adjunct.

Adjective

But it's Sainte-Marie's less-well-known life as a computer geek—and an adjunct professor of digital art, Native American studies, and philosophy at several universities—that brings her to midtown Manhattan today. — Ophira Edut, Ms., August/September 1999 There is a terrible shortage of jobs in the universities, where, increasingly, men and women with Ph.D.s hang on to various forms of underpaid adjunct posts. Believe me, it happens at Harvard, too. — Martin Peretz, New Republic, 5 July 1999 Using his chauffeur-driven car as an adjunct office, the designer shuttles among the design ateliers of his three major collections: the one that bears his name; Chanel, and, after a seven-year hiatus, Chloé. — Carrie Donovan, New York Times Magazine, 11 Oct. 1992 massage therapy as an adjunct treatment
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Recent Examples on the Web: Noun

That’s my mission—to use my writing and public speaking as an adjunct to my basic mission of being a doctor. Dana Corriel, SELF, "The Rise of the Social Media Doctor," 26 Apr. 2019 Vaccines have helped control many viral diseases, and drugs are important adjuncts for HIV, herpes and a few others. William F. Bynum, WSJ, "‘Pandemic 1918’ and ‘Influenza’ Review: Fire, Ice or Virus?," 4 Jan. 2019 The trustees released the text of their budgetary requests through the 2020 fiscal year last week, which noted a tuition increase but made no mention of adjuncts, despite the protests. Kim Kelly, Teen Vogue, "Education Workers on Campuses Around the Country Are Demanding Better Labor Conditions," 10 Jan. 2019 Their plight is common across the educational system, where adjuncts constitute 76.4% of U.S. faculty across all U.S. universities and colleges. Kim Kelly, Teen Vogue, "Education Workers on Campuses Around the Country Are Demanding Better Labor Conditions," 10 Jan. 2019 Exotic Modern—that features some spectacular examples of Paul Poiret’s clothing, including his own princely dressing robe, displayed in the house itself, and French colonial-era art in the modern adjunct. Hamish Bowles, Vogue, "Hamish Bowles Makes the Most of His Trip to Tokyo for Valentino Pre-Fall—And Then Some," 2 Dec. 2018 Higher education is in a lot of trouble, barely kept on track by massive price increases, grade inflation that keeps the mostly inattentive customers sedated, and a class of academic serfs, called adjuncts, who work for meager wages. John Leo, WSJ, "‘The University We Need’ Review: Rethinking College," 18 July 2018 In-home euthanasia practices work as an adjunct for veterinary clinics. Ace Ratcliff, SELF, "Pet Euthanasia at Home: 6 Ways to Make Putting Down Your Pet Easier on Them—and You," 25 Oct. 2018 Quinn has taught public administration at the UW as an adjunct for the last five years. Vernal Coleman, The Seattle Times, "King County human services director, key in fight against homelessness, to step down," 18 Sep. 2018

Recent Examples on the Web: Adjective

Rogan, who has a master of fine arts from UC Berkeley and is on the adjunct art faculty at both Mills College and the San Francisco Art Institute, also does seasonal work on a tourist ship sailing Antarctica. Sam Whiting, SFChronicle.com, "Will Rogan gives the mast from his houseboat to his art," 27 June 2018 The company employs about 9,100 people at Grand Canyon University, 35 percent of whom are students and adjunct faculty. Russ Wiles, azcentral, "Arizona CEOs earn about 80 times more than average workers at their companies," 13 June 2018 While a practicing engineer, Barry built a parallel career on the University of Hartford adjunct faculty. courant.com, "Barry T. Lubin," 14 May 2018 Natasha Beste: Multi-media artist, director and editor known for an experimental approach is co-owner of production company Gold House Media and adjunct faculty at the College for Creative Studies. Detroit Free Press Staff, Detroit Free Press, "Build your movie-making skills, knowledge at free Freep Film Festival events," 5 Apr. 2018 Graduate students, undergraduate student workers, adjunct professors, teaching assistants, clerical staff, cafeteria workers, schoolbus drivers, cleaning staff, and other campus workers are all crucial parts of the education industry. Kim Kelly, Teen Vogue, "Education Workers on Campuses Around the Country Are Demanding Better Labor Conditions," 10 Jan. 2019 Jason Laker, a San Jose State University professor, and Erica Boas, a Santa Clara University adjunct lecturer, began interviewing college students in 2012 about consent. Alice Yin, Detroit Free Press, "Should Michigan sex education require 'yes means yes' curriculum?," 3 June 2018 In addition to her art Joan was an educator and taught art in public and private schools including as an adjunct lecturer at the University of Hartford Art School. Hartford Courant, courant.com, "Joan Cole," 2 Apr. 2018 Lambeth Hochwald is a writer in New York City and an adjunct professor of journalism at New York University. Lambeth Hochwald, Glamour, "I Got a Mastectomy…Twice," 27 Sep. 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'adjunct.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of adjunct

Noun

1554, in the meaning defined at sense 3a

Adjective

1516, in the meaning defined at sense 2

History and Etymology for adjunct

Noun

borrowed from Latin adjunctum "concomitant factor," from neuter of adjunctus adjunct entry 2

Adjective

borrowed from Latin adjunctus, past participle of adjungere "to link up, join, add, attach" — more at adjoin

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Statistics for adjunct

Last Updated

8 May 2019

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for adjunct

The first known use of adjunct was in 1516

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More Definitions for adjunct

adjunct

noun

English Language Learners Definition of adjunct

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: something that is joined or added to another thing but is not an essential part of it
grammar : a word or phrase (such as an adverb or prepositional phrase) that provides added information about the meaning of a verb in a sentence by expressing a relation of time, place, manner, etc.

adjunct

adjective

English Language Learners Definition of adjunct (Entry 2 of 2)

: added or joined in order to be used with something
: added to a teaching staff for only a short time or in a lower position than other staff

adjunct

noun
ad·​junct | \ ˈaj-ˌəŋ(k)t How to pronounce adjunct (audio) \

Medical Definition of adjunct

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : a person associated with or assisting another in some duty or service
2 : adjuvant sense b drugs used as short-term adjuncts in weight-loss programs

adjunct

adjective

Medical Definition of adjunct (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : added or joined as an accompanying object or circumstance
2 : attached in a subordinate or temporary capacity to a staff an adjunct psychiatrist

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