adjunct

noun
ad·​junct | \ ˈa-ˌjəŋ(k)t How to pronounce adjunct (audio) \

Definition of adjunct

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : something joined or added to another thing but not essentially a part of it The website is designed as an adjunct to the book.

2 grammar

a : a word or word group that qualifies or completes the meaning of another word or other words and is not itself a main structural element in its sentence
b : an adverb or adverbial phrase (such as heartily in "They ate heartily" or at noon in "We left at noon") attached to the verb of a clause especially to express a relation of time, place, frequency, degree, or manner — compare disjunct sense 2
3a : an associate or assistant of another
b : an adjunct faculty member at a college or university (see adjunct entry 2 sense 2)

adjunct

adjective
ad·​junct | \ ˈa-ˌjəŋ(k)t How to pronounce adjunct (audio) \

Definition of adjunct (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : added or joined as an accompanying object or circumstance
2 : attached in a subordinate or temporary capacity to a staff an adjunct professor

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Other Words from adjunct

Noun

adjunctive \ a-​ˈjəŋ(k)-​tiv How to pronounce adjunctive (audio) , ə-​ \ adjective

Adjective

adjunctly \ ˈa-​ˌjəŋ(k)-​tlē How to pronounce adjunctly (audio) , -​ˌjəŋk-​lē \ adverb

Breaking Down Adjunct

With its prefix, ad-, meaning "to or toward", adjunct implies that one thing is "joined to" another. A car wash may be operated as an adjunct to a gas station. An adjunct professor is one who's attached to the college without being a full member of the salaried faculty. And anyone trying to expand his or her vocabulary will find that daily reading of a newspaper is a worthwhile adjunct to actual vocabulary study.

Examples of adjunct in a Sentence

Noun

Because Joseph Ellis has been an outspoken critic of social and women's history, he appears a peculiar choice to write the foreword, despite his many publications on the Revolutionary era. Unsurprisingly, perhaps, he treats Abigail here more as her husband's adjunct and supporter than as her own woman. — Anthony Lewis, New York Times Book Review, 4 Nov. 2007 As an adjunct to its basic educational role, the public library will increasingly serve as an access point to the resources of other libraries as well as to nonlibrary sources of publicly available information. — Fred Lerner, The Story of Libraries, (1945) 1998 In A.D. 400 western Europe was merely a geographic expression. Roman civilization was centered on the Mediterranean, and France, England, and the Rhine valley were mere adjuncts of the Mediterranean world. — Norman F. Cantor, The Civilization of the Middle Ages, 1993 Massage therapy can be used as an adjunct along with the medication. In “They ate heartily,” the word heartily is an adjunct and in “We left at noon,” the phrase at noon is an adjunct.

Adjective

But it's Sainte-Marie's less-well-known life as a computer geek—and an adjunct professor of digital art, Native American studies, and philosophy at several universities—that brings her to midtown Manhattan today. — Ophira Edut, Ms., August/September 1999 There is a terrible shortage of jobs in the universities, where, increasingly, men and women with Ph.D.s hang on to various forms of underpaid adjunct posts. Believe me, it happens at Harvard, too. — Martin Peretz, New Republic, 5 July 1999 Using his chauffeur-driven car as an adjunct office, the designer shuttles among the design ateliers of his three major collections: the one that bears his name; Chanel, and, after a seven-year hiatus, Chloé. — Carrie Donovan, New York Times Magazine, 11 Oct. 1992 massage therapy as an adjunct treatment
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Recent Examples on the Web: Noun

The school also retains a god-like control over the schedules of adjuncts, who are literally laid off after every single semester, and then rehired as necessary for the following semester. Aaron Gilbreath, Longreads, "How College Professors Are Fighting for Their Lives," 25 June 2019 Most schools cap adjuncts at four classes per semester, hence the multiple institutions. Aaron Gilbreath, Longreads, "How College Professors Are Fighting for Their Lives," 25 June 2019 Qatar, by contrast, seems to use its fund as an adjunct to diplomacy. The Economist, "Gulf states are becoming more adventurous investors," 14 June 2019 As tenure-track jobs have steadily declined, universities have grown more dependent on part-time labor from adjuncts and graduate students. Ben Kesslen, NBC News, "The latest campus battle: graduate students are fighting to unionize," 8 June 2019 That’s my mission—to use my writing and public speaking as an adjunct to my basic mission of being a doctor. Dana Corriel, SELF, "The Rise of the Social Media Doctor," 26 Apr. 2019 Vaccines have helped control many viral diseases, and drugs are important adjuncts for HIV, herpes and a few others. William F. Bynum, WSJ, "‘Pandemic 1918’ and ‘Influenza’ Review: Fire, Ice or Virus?," 4 Jan. 2019 The trustees released the text of their budgetary requests through the 2020 fiscal year last week, which noted a tuition increase but made no mention of adjuncts, despite the protests. Kim Kelly, Teen Vogue, "Education Workers on Campuses Around the Country Are Demanding Better Labor Conditions," 10 Jan. 2019 Their plight is common across the educational system, where adjuncts constitute 76.4% of U.S. faculty across all U.S. universities and colleges. Kim Kelly, Teen Vogue, "Education Workers on Campuses Around the Country Are Demanding Better Labor Conditions," 10 Jan. 2019

Recent Examples on the Web: Adjective

John Paul Rollert is an adjunct associate professor at the University of Chicago Booth School of Business. John Paul Rollert, Fortune, "The Wayfair Walkout and the Rise of Activist Capitalism," 13 July 2019 In addition to being the superintendent of Bessemer City Schools, Stewart has worked as an adjunct professor at Auburn University Montgomery since 2015. Hailey Auglair | Hauglair@al.com, al.com, "Bessemer city schools superintendent to retire in 2020," 12 July 2019 Former adjunct professors Kiyanna Stewart and Jannah Handy are unapologetically Black. Metanoya Z. Webb, Essence, "Shop The Story: BLK MKT Vintage Curates A Few of Their Favorite Things," 8 July 2019 Yi-Chi Shih, an electrical engineer and adjunct professor at UCLA, was found guilty last month by a Los Angeles jury, officials said in a statement this week. Colin Lecher, The Verge, "Professor faces 219-year prison sentence for sending missile chip tech to China," 6 July 2019 Fischman and McNamara were alumni, and Hiaasen worked there as an adjunct professor, teaching news writing. Juliana Kim, chicagotribune.com, "Memorials, company-wide moment of silence planned to mark 1 year since Capital Gazette slayings," 26 June 2019 Maricopa has about 1,400 full-time faculty and 4,500 adjunct faculty. Anne Ryman, azcentral, "Maricopa Community Colleges settles faculty lawsuit over bargaining for $112,000," 26 June 2019 For the past decade, David has been an adjunct professor of law, teaching at Fordham University Law School and more recently at Benjamin N. Cardozo School of Law. David Crary, baltimoresun.com, "University of Maryland alumnus Alphonso David to head Human Rights Campaign, a major LGBTQ-rights group," 25 June 2019 University budgets are balanced on the backs of adjunct professors. Aaron Gilbreath, Longreads, "How College Professors Are Fighting for Their Lives," 25 June 2019

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'adjunct.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of adjunct

Noun

1554, in the meaning defined at sense 3a

Adjective

1516, in the meaning defined at sense 2

History and Etymology for adjunct

Noun

borrowed from Latin adjunctum "concomitant factor," from neuter of adjunctus adjunct entry 2

Adjective

borrowed from Latin adjunctus, past participle of adjungere "to link up, join, add, attach" — more at adjoin

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Statistics for adjunct

Last Updated

17 Jul 2019

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for adjunct

The first known use of adjunct was in 1516

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More Definitions for adjunct

adjunct

noun

English Language Learners Definition of adjunct

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: something that is joined or added to another thing but is not an essential part of it
grammar : a word or phrase (such as an adverb or prepositional phrase) that provides added information about the meaning of a verb in a sentence by expressing a relation of time, place, manner, etc.

adjunct

adjective

English Language Learners Definition of adjunct (Entry 2 of 2)

: added or joined in order to be used with something
: added to a teaching staff for only a short time or in a lower position than other staff

adjunct

noun
ad·​junct | \ ˈaj-ˌəŋ(k)t How to pronounce adjunct (audio) \

Medical Definition of adjunct

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : a person associated with or assisting another in some duty or service
2 : adjuvant sense b drugs used as short-term adjuncts in weight-loss programs

adjunct

adjective

Medical Definition of adjunct (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : added or joined as an accompanying object or circumstance
2 : attached in a subordinate or temporary capacity to a staff an adjunct psychiatrist

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Comments on adjunct

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appealing forcibly to the mind or reason

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