: a story in which the characters and events are symbols that stand for ideas about human life or for a political or historical situation
"Set in the director's native Johannesburg, [the movie District 9] didn't declare itself an allegory of apartheid, yet it needled away unmistakably at racial injustice." Anthony Lane, The New Yorker, August 12, 2013
About the Word:
Parables, myths, and fables are all considered types of allegories, a concept dating back to ancient times for example Plato's famous allegory of the cave, where cave-dwelling prisoners mistake shadows for reality.
The Greek ancestor of allegory means "to speak figuratively."