Medical Definition of temporal artery
1: either of two branches of the maxillary artery that supply the temporalis and anastomose with the middle temporal artery—called also deep temporal artery
2a: superficial temporal arteryb: a branch of the superficial temporal artery that arises just above the zygomatic arch, sends branches to the temporalis, and forms anastomoses with the deep temporal artery—called also middle temporal artery
3: any of three branches of the middle cerebral artery:a: one that supplies the anterior parts of the superior, middle, and inferior temporal gyri—called also anterior temporal arteryb: one that supplies the middle parts of the superior and middle temporal gyri—called also intermediate temporal arteryc: one that supplies the middle and posterior parts of the superior temporal gyrus and the posterior parts of the middle and inferior temporal gyri—called also posterior temporal artery
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