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Medical Dictionary


noun neu·ron \ˈn(y)ü-ˌrän, ˈn(y)(ə)r-ˌän\

Medical Definition of NEURON

:  one of the cells that constitute nervous tissue, that have the property of transmitting and receiving nervous impulses, and that are composed of somewhat reddish or grayish protoplasm with a large nucleus containing a conspicuous nucleolus, irregular cytoplasmic granules, and cytoplasmic processes which are highly differentiated frequently as multiple dendrites or usually as solitary axons and which conduct impulses toward and away from the nerve cell body—called also nerve cell
neu·ro·nal \ˈn(y)r-ən-əl, n(y)-ˈrōn-əl\ also neu·ron·ic \n(y)-ˈrän-ik\ adjective

Variants of NEURON

neu·ron also neu·rone \-ˌrōn, -ˌōn\

Illustration of NEURON

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