Medical Definition of Epstein–Barr virus
: a herpesvirus (species Human herpesvirus 4 of the genus Lymphocryptovirus) that causes infectious mononucleosis and is associated with Burkitt's lymphoma and nasopharyngeal carcinoma—abbreviation EBV; called also EB virus
Biographical Note for epstein–barr virus
Ep·stein \ˈep-ˌstīn\play , Michael Anthony (born 1921), and Barr \ˈbär\play , Yvonne M. (born 1932), British virologists. In 1964 Epstein and Barr isolated a herpesvirus in cultured Burkitt's lymphoma cells. This herpesvirus, since known as the Epstein-Barr virus, is now thought to be a cause of various types of human cancers, including Burkitt's lymphoma and nasopharyngeal carcinoma. Epstein also did research on tumor cell structure and other viruses.
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