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Medical Dictionary

Cooley's anemia

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noun Coo·ley's anemia \ˌkü-lēz-\

Medical Definition of Cooley's anemia

  1. :  an inherited disorder of hemoglobin synthesis that is the most severe form of beta-thalassemia, is marked by severe anemia associated with deficient hemoglobin, the presence of microcytes, and accelerated red cell destruction, and is associated with enlargement of the liver and spleen, an increase in the erythroid bone marrow, bone deformities, and poor growth rate—called also , Cooley's anemia is inherited as an autosomal recessive trait requiring that both parents pass on a copy of the defective gene located on the chromosome numbered 11. Cooley's anemia occurs especially in individuals of Mediterranean ancestry and necessitates regular blood transfusions throughout life.



Biographical Note for cooley's anemia

Cooley, Thomas Benton (1871–1945), American pediatrician. Cooley was one of the first modern pediatricians and a founder of the American Academy of Pediatrics. Interested in the etiology of childhood diseases, he focused his research on hematology and the anemias. His most important contribution was the identification of the familial anemia that bears his name. In 1927 Cooley, E. R. Witwer, and O. P. Lee described this anemia, frequently called thalassemia, that at first was thought to occur only in children of Mediterranean stock.

Variants of cooley's anemia

also Cooley's disease

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